SCIENTIFIC METHOD. PROCESSES OF SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY. WHAT DO YOU DO WITH AN OBSERVATION?. INDUCTIVE REASONING DEDUCTIVE REASONING. INDUCTIVE REASONING. PROCESS OF GENERALIZING FROM SPECIFIC OBSERVATIONS. EXAMPLE.
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PROCESSES OF SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY
PROCESS OF GENERALIZING FROM SPECIFIC OBSERVATIONS
The average mass of cows in Vermont is 450kg therefore the average mass of all North American cows must be 450kg
YOU DEDUCE THAT IF THE AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY OF AFRICAN LIONS IN THE WILD IS 10 YEARS THEN THE AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY OF LIONS IN KENYA IS 10 YEARS
WILL OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM DIFFERENT LOCATIONS SHOW THAT THE AVERAGE MASS OF COWS IS 450kg?
AN IDEA IS CORRECT WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF OBSERVATIONS & TESTS WHICH IT IS DERIVED
Explanations have high probability of being valid
Evidence is so over- whelming that the explanation is further elevated
fundamental doctrine on which other concepts are based objectivityTHEORY PRINCIPLE
THE CONDITION OR EVENT UNDER STUDY
Variables that can possibly change because of the presence of or change in an independent variable (What is measured in an experiment)
Conditions that could affect the outcome of an experiment but do not because they are held constant
Subjects are randomly assorted into either experimental group or control group (ensures both groups are representative samples of the original population)
When a test group is not equivalent to a natural population, a sampling error is introduced to the experiment
determine if differences between experimental data and control data are significant or likely due only to chance.