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Building a program based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories. Susan Bergson Michael Robinson Jack Carrel Based on Presentation by: B.D. Hayes, DSW, MPH, MSW- Morehouse School of Medicine. Learning Objectives.

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Building a program based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories

Susan BergsonMichael RobinsonJack CarrelBased on Presentation by: B.D. Hayes, DSW, MPH, MSW- Morehouse School of Medicine

learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • To provide a model for developing your proposal ideas based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories
  • To review winning grant writing tips
  • To identify strategies for mutually beneficial partnering/collaborations
  • To increase funding for a variety of projects
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A successful grant proposal is

one that is well-prepared,

thoughtfully planned and

concisely packaged

…………….………….CFDA

the three essential laws of successful proposal development and grant writing
The Three Essential Laws of Successful Proposal Development and Grant Writing
  • Do your homework
  • Follow instructions
  • Use Common Sense
general tips and comments
General Tips and Comments
  • Take sufficient time to prepare a good abstract, LOI, or a concept paper
  • Avoid the use of jargon and acronyms
  • Always include a budget and budget justification
  • Be careful when/where you cut and paste: assure uniformity of font size and type
  • ALWAYS use a reader and get editorial assistance
traits of a successful grant getter
Traits of a Successful Grant Getter
  • Research skills
  • Salesmanship skills
  • Communication skills
  • Ingenuity skills
  • Administrative skills
  • Human relations
  • Persistence, dedication, patience
  • Ability to work hard
  • Political awareness and action
  • Integrity
step 1 research
Step 1: Research
  • Before writing up a proposal, look at the research or the evidence base
    • PubMed
    • Google Scholar
  • Make sure to reference research (cite articles) in your background or needs statement
  • Use what already exists:
    • Statewide Coordinated Statement of Need and Comprehensive Plan
    • HIV/AIDS Quarterly and Annual Reports
    • New report from the Southern AIDS Coalition
step 2 field experience
Step 2: Field Experience
  • What makes you think that it will work in the context in which you work and the population you will focus on?
  • Conduct focus groups and/or key informant interviews to understand why and how intervention will work
  • If changes to intervention need to be made to fit your population of interest, what are they?
  • Check out article- Cultural adaptation in translational research: field experiences. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15933334
global causes of death
Global Causes of Death

Step 3: Understanding Behavior Change Theory

Injuries

Communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies

Noncommunicable diseases

Source: WHO, World Health Report 2000—Health Systems: Improving Performance (Geneva: WHO, 2000).

health promotion means changing behavior at multiple levels
Health Promotion Means Changing Behavior at Multiple Levels

AIndividual: knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, personality 

B Interpersonal: family, friends, peers 

C Community: social networks, standards, norms 

D Institutional: rules, policies, informal structures

E Public Policy: local policies related to healthy practices

Source: Adapted from National Cancer Institute, Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion (2003), available online at http://cancer.gov.

stages of change model
Stages of Change Model
  • Changing one’s behavior is a process, not an event
  • Individuals at different levels of change
  • Gear interventions to level of change

Source: James O. Prochaska et al., “In Search of How People Change: Application to Addictive Behaviors,” American Psychologist 47, no. 9 (1992): 1102-14.

stages of change model cont
Stages of Change Model (cont.)

Precontemplation

Maintenance

Contemplation

Action

Decision

example combating hiv aids in uganda
Example Combating HIV/AIDS in Uganda
  • Political support, multisectoral response
  • Decentralized behavior change campaigns
  • Focus on women and youth, stigma and discrimination
  • Mobilization of religious leaders
  • Confidential voluntary counseling and testing
  • Social marketing of condoms
  • Control and prevention of STIs

Source: Edward C. Green, Rethinking AIDS Prevention: Learning from Successes in Developing Countries (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2003).

successful applications
SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS
  • Direct, concise, compelling, convincing, capable and resourceful
  • Addresses a significant/important problem
  • Explicit goals, measurable objectives
  • Comprehensive but succinct background review
  • Methodology fits problem
  • Appropriate funding mechanism
unsuccessful applications
Unsuccessful Applications
  • Lack of knowledge about relevant literature
  • Questionable reasoning in research design
  • Lack of demonstrated experience in selected methodology (lacks detail)
  • Format issues
  • Over-ambitious
  • Failure to follow directions
  • Lack of new or original ideas
  • Diffuse, superficial, or unfocused research
  • Lacks clearly stated hypothesis and rationale
  • Lack of an overall research goal; uncertainty about future directions
developing your idea s
Developing Your Idea(s)
  • Needs Assessment
    • Evidence of problem
    • Local, county, state, national
  • Capability Assessment
    • Organizational
    • People
    • Past and present history
    • Resources (funds, expertise, etc.)
grant writing process
Grant Writing Process
  • Begins with a good idea
  • Review the components of a successful grant
  • Apply the model
  • Evaluate and discuss the plan
  • Literature review
  • Analysis of current research/activity in the field
  • Develop team
the task you face
The Task You Face
  • Clearly Identify the Need
    • Make sure the needs are those of the target population
  • Define the Solution
    • Use a Problem/Needs approach
  • Carefully Design the Project
    • How a problem is defined often determines an approach to develop a solution
basic components
Basic Components
  • Project Methods or Design
  • Project Evaluation
  • Project Budget
  • Future Funding
  • The Proposal Summary
  • Introduction
  • Problem Statement (or Needs Assessment)
  • Project Objectives
general tips and comments1
General Tips and Comments
  • Take sufficient time to prepare a good abstract, LOI, or a concept paper
  • Avoid the use of jargon and acronyms
  • Always include s budget and budget justification
  • Be careful when/where you cut and paste: assure uniformity of font size and type
  • ALWAYS use a reader and get editorial assistance
questions
Questions?
  • Read the directions!
  • As you are writing the LOI, please feel free to send Michael Robinson questions: [email protected]
  • Get two other people who are not involved with the proposal development to read your document
  • The Louisiana Community AIDS Partnership is available to help with technical assistance on all of your grant applications if you need us.
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