Look closely at this picture. Can you figure out what is going on? Where might this be? Who is the statue of?
Learning Objectives • Building knowledge and understanding about the events of the Hungarian Uprising in 1956 • Using appropriate synthesis of information to make good notes on this topic • Applying contextual knowledge about the situation in Eastern Europe to understand why this event happened and evaluate why the Soviet Union responded in the way they did.
This image shows individuals from the student demonstrations on 23rd October 1956. • Look for clues in the picture. What does it suggest about attitudes towards the Soviet Union at this time?
Why was there opposition in Hungary? • Using the information on page 129 produce a list of reasons why Hungarians resented Soviet control. • Produce a flow diagram to outline the events that led to Imre Nagy coming to power. Remember be succinct and to the point!
How did the Soviet Union respond to events in Hungary? • Khrushchev at first seemed prepared to accept changes but could not accept Hungary leaving the Warsaw Pact. • Nov 1956 Soviet troops and tanks enter Budapest. Two weeks of fighting take place with some 3,000 Hungarians killed and 7,000 – 8,000 Russians. • 200,000 Hungarians fled across border to Austria to escape Communist forces. • Imre Nagy and other leaders executed. • Western powers protested but did nothing – preoccupied with Suez Crisis. • JánosKádár placed as new leader of Hungary – arrested 35,000 anti-Communist protesters and executed 300. He did introduce some reforms but did not leave Warsaw Pact.
Read through the information on the sheet in front of you.Decide whether each statement is either a cause, event or result of the Hungarian Uprising.Mark each box with either a C, E or R accordingly.
How did the USSR deal with opposition in Eastern Europe?Case Study 1: The Hungarian Uprising, 1956 Learning Objectives • Evaluate what were the main causes, events and outcomes of the Hungarian Uprising. • Consider why the USSR reacted in the way it did to the Hungarian Uprising. • Develop source analysis by applying your knowledge and understanding to evaluate the message and usefulness of sources.
What do we need to consider when analysing sources? • Using the sources you have been given, complete the work sheet. Remember to think carefully about; • Message – what does it tell you? • Purpose – why was it produced? • Uses – how is it helpful? • Limitations – what problems are there?
Exam Practice Study source 3. What is the message of this cartoon? Use the source and your own knowledge to explain your answer. (7 marks)
Peer AssessmentWhat is the message of this cartoon? Use the source and your own knowledge to explain your answer. (7 marks) Level 1 (1-2 marks) General comments about source, lacks detail or own knowledge. Level 2 (3-4 marks) Describe several aspects of what the source is saying but doesn’t really analyse the purpose of the source and if does without sufficient contextual knowledge. Level 3 (5-6 marks) Brings in contextual knowledge to support source analysis and recognises purpose of cartoon, showing clear understanding. Lacks explicit details on international issues to get top marks. Level 4 (7 marks) Detailed analysis of source with reference to source and its purpose, bringing in contextual knowledge about the lack of support from the West and the United Nations due to the Suez Crisis.
Explain why the Soviet Union responded so harshly to the Hungarian Uprising? (8 marks) How should we go about answering this question? In one minute with the person next to you, come up with a list of appropriate criteria to answer this question.
Explain why the Soviet Union responded so harshly to the Hungarian Uprising? (8 marks) • Briefly outline what the protest was about • Then explain why it threatened the Soviet Union • Keep linking back to the question. E.g ‘The first reason was...’ ‘Another factor ...’ • Don’t just describe the events, make sure you explain how it helps to answer the question!
Read the two statements below.Which do you most agree with and why? Discuss this with the person next to you... STATEMENT ONE STATEMENT TWO ‘The severity of the Red Army in dealing with Hungary in 1956 shows how fragile the Soviet hold on Hungary really was’ ‘The speed at which the Red Army crushed the resistance in Hungary shows how completely the Soviet Union controlled Hungary’