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VITAL SIGNS

VITAL SIGNS

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VITAL SIGNS

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  1. VITAL SIGNS EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN - BASIC Temple College EMS Program

  2. Vital Signs • Vital signs are an outward clue to what is going on in the patient’s body Temple College EMS Program

  3. Vital Signs • Baseline Vital Signs provide a basis for comparison of later sets of VitalSigns Temple College EMS Program

  4. Vital Signs • It is important to monitor “trends” in Vital Signs rather than individual sets of Vital Signs Temple College EMS Program

  5. Carotid Brachial Radial Femoral Popliteal Pulse • Pulse Points Temple College EMS Program

  6. Dorsal Pedal Posterior Tibial (Posterior and slightly inferior to medial Malleolus) Pulse • Pulse Points Temple College EMS Program

  7. Pulse • Rate • Adult • 60-80 Beats/minute • Child • 80-110 Beats/minute • Infant • 120-150 Beats/minute Temple College EMS Program

  8. Pulse • Rhythm • Regular • Irregular Temple College EMS Program

  9. Pulse • Quality • Full • Weak (Thready) • Bounding Temple College EMS Program

  10. Respirations • Rate • Adult • 12-24 Resp/min • Child • 20-28 Resp/min Temple College EMS Program

  11. Respirations • Rate • Infant • 30-70 Resp/min @ birth • 30 Resp/min @ 6 months Temple College EMS Program

  12. Respirations • Rhythm • Regular • Irregular Temple College EMS Program

  13. Respiration • Quality • Full • Deep • Shallow • Labored • Noisy Temple College EMS Program

  14. Blood Pressure • Systolic- Pressure on the arterial wall when the heart contracts • Diastolic- Pressure on the arterial wall when the heart is at rest Temple College EMS Program

  15. Blood Pressure • Auscultated BP - Listening for both the systolic and diastolic values • Palpated BP - Feeling for the systolic pressure Temple College EMS Program

  16. Auscultated Blood Pressure • Adult • Male 100+ Age (up to 50) 80 • Female 90 + Age (up to 50 80 Temple College EMS Program

  17. Auscultated Blood Pressure • Child 94 - 100 56 - 64 Temple College EMS Program

  18. Auscultated Blood Pressure • Infant • At Birth 60 - 80 40 - 76 • At 6 Months 90 40-76 Temple College EMS Program

  19. Estimating Blood Pressure • Radial Pulse Present? • >80 Systolic Temple College EMS Program

  20. Estimating Blood Pressure • Femoral Pulse Present? • >70 Systolic • <80 Systolic Temple College EMS Program

  21. Estimating Blood Pressure • Carotid Pulse Present? • >60 Systolic • <70 Systolic Temple College EMS Program

  22. Vital Signs • DO NOT TREAT NUMBERS - - - - - - TREAT PEOPLE!!!! Temple College EMS Program