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Arengu-uuringud ja arenguhindamine 9. Arenguabi. Mati Heidmets 2013 sügissemester. Arenguabi. Arenguabi. Vaidlused sisu, mahu ja ideoloogia üle. 19 sajandi tsiviliseerimine vs kohaliku võimekuse arendamine

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arengu uuringud ja arenguhindamine 9 arenguabi

Arengu-uuringud ja arenguhindamine9. Arenguabi

Mati Heidmets

2013 sügissemester

arenguabi
Arenguabi
  • Arenguabi. Vaidlused sisu, mahu ja ideoloogia üle. 19 sajandi tsiviliseerimine vs kohaliku võimekuse arendamine
  • Regulaarsed ülevaated eesmärkide täitmisest. Vt: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mdg/Default.aspx
  • Edulood: vaesuse vähenemine (1990 elas alla 1 USD päevas 1,8 mlrd inimest, 2005 – 1,4 mlrd inimest – tänu Hiinale!). Algkoolis 1991 80% lapsi, 2005 – 88% maailma lastest. Nihe soolises võrdõiguslikkuses – haridus!
  • Murekohad: AIDS, vesi, sanitaartingimused, noorte tööpuudus. Jätkuvalt suured regionaalsed erinevused. Aafrika?!
  • Eestis: MDG väljaspool avalikku debatti, Probleemne teema: HIV/AIDS
oda official development assistance
ODA: Official Development Assistance

Ametlik arenguabi:

Flows of official financing administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries as the main objective, and which are concessional in character with a grant element of at least 25 percent (using a fixed 10 percent rate of discount). By convention, ODA flows comprise contributions of donor government agencies, at all levels, to developing countries (“bilateral ODA”) and to multilateral institutions. ODA receipts comprise disbursements by bilateral donors and multilateral institutions. (OECD, Glossary of Statistical Terms)

Kaks hindamisviisi: maht ja osakaal SKT-st

In real terms - the amount transferred and as percentage of GNP - aid burden-sharing

DAC abiandjate organisatsioon

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) There are currently 23 members of DAC, including the European Commission, which acts as a full member of the committee, although it is not a member state in the judicial meaning of the term. The World Bank, the IMF and UNDP also participate as observers.Founding members

Millest ODA maht/osakaal räägib?

Mahtu teevad rikkad riigid, osakaalult paistab välja Põhja-Euroopa!

NB! Kuveit – 8,5%, Saudi Araabia 4% (ei kuulu DAC-i)

oda mahud
ODA mahud

Development assistance steadily increased from $58 billion in 2000 to a $128 billion in 2010 and $133 billion in 2011.

However, this still falls far short of what the developed world promised, and what many believe poor countries need if their citizens are to escape poverty. Also, adjusted for inflation, the total for 2011 is actually lower than the total for 2010

eesti
Eesti

“Eesti arengukoostöö ja humanitaarabi arengukava 2011–2015“

  • Vastavaltarengukavale on EestiprioriteetseteksarenguabisihtriikideksAfganistanjaidapartnerluseriigid (Moldova, Gruusia,
  • Ukraina, Valgevene, ArmeeniajaAserbaidžaan). Lisaks on rahastatud e-valitsemiseprojekteBalkanil, PalestiinaomavalitsusesjaTuneesias.
  • Eestiriigiasutustest 2012. aastalkogutudandmetepõhjaloliametlikarengu- jahumanitaarabikogusumma 17 908 578 miljoniteurot, mismoodustas 2012. aastaEestikogurahvatulustjooksvateshindades 0,11%.