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 starter activity PowerPoint Presentation
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 starter activity

 starter activity

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 starter activity

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  1. starter activity Watch this extract from a recent documentary on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979). List reasons why it is sometimes described as the USSR’s Vietnam

  2. USSR’s Vietnam • Soviet military lost the media war • Became embroiled in a civil war • Conscript army • Clash of cultures • Guerrilla warfare • Brutalising & demoralising effect of the war on soldiers • High levels of desertions

  3. Why did Détente come to an end in 1979?  Aims To identify & evaluate the reasons why Détente ended To study the impact of the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

  4.  Your task • Read p.151 and note down the reasons why neo-conservatism grew in influence in the late 1970s •  Read the biography of Jimmy Carter. Identify achievements in his presidency. How fair is the neo-conservative interpretation of his administration?

  5. Growth of neo-conservatism • Naiveté of Carter – lacked foreign policy experience, over-emphasis on human rights • Aftershock of Vietnam War • Technological and economic superiority of USA • Divisions within Carter administration • Rise of neo-conservative leaders, esp. Reagan

  6.  Your task • Read p.153 and list the reasons for the end of Détente. Highlight and explain which you feel was the most important.

  7. Reasons for end of Détente • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan • Soviet influence in Third World • US anti-communist support • Soviet violations of human rights • Failure to ratify SALT II • Ill-health of Brezhnev • US hostage crisis in Iran • Growth of neo-conservatism in USA • Strengthening of Soviet military influence over Politburo

  8.  Your task • Sort the cards your teacher gives into a diamond 9 format. • Be prepared to explain your decisions. •  Extension. How similar are the reasons for the end of Détente to those of the start of Cold War?

  9.  Your task • Read p. 154 on the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and note the causes and consequences of the conflict.

  10. Causes of the conflict • US supported deposed Shah of Iran • USSR feared spread of Muslim Fundamentalism • Brezhnev feared covert support of anti-Soviet rebels Mujahadin, anti-Soviet rebels in Afghanistan Shah of Iran

  11.  Your task • Study sources N, P & O on p.155 and complete the evidence table your teacher provides. •  To what extent was Afghanistan the true cause of the ending of Détente?

  12.  Extension • Read p.379-403 in Isaacs and take notes on the positive and negative impacts of Reagan’s contribution to Cold War politics

  13.  Homework • Essay question: ‘How advantageous was the policy of Détente to the management of the USA’s Cold War diplomacy with the USSR in the 1970s?’

  14.  Plenary • Reasons for growth of neo-conservatism • Reasons for end of Détente • How significant was the war in Afghanistan? • Who would you blame more for ending of Détente Carter or Reagan?