living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation
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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?. Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR. Chad. 7 Mio habitants 110 different ethnically different populations Land locked country 1‘280‘000 km2

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living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation

Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation?

Example of Eastern Chadby Arnold Egli,Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR

slide2
Chad
  • 7 Mio habitants
  • 110 different ethnically different populations
  • Land locked country
  • 1‘280‘000 km2
  • main activities: live stock keeping, agriculture for subsistence and the market, cotton as a cash crop
  • Exploitation of petrol since July 2004
  • Important, not yet exploited gas resources
  • One of the poorest country in the world
  • Again affected by a drought and hunger!!!
east of chad
East of Chad
  • Land area: 60'000 km2
  • Border with Sudan 600 km
  • Local pop. density: < 4 h / km2
  • Big animals: 3.5 Mio
  • Rainfall: 0 and 600 mm,Irregular distribution
refugee s operation of unhcr and contribution of sha
Refugee's Operation of UNHCR and contribution of SHA
  • approx. 220'000 refugees
  • 60 -80‘000 IDP since 2006
  • First camp opens in January 2004, newest in April 2005
  • Camp size: 12 and 30'000 people
  • Camps equiped with nutrition center, first aid station, primary schools, police guard, community services,
  • Water supply: 11 to 18 l/p/d(drinking water quality)
  • Food supply approx. 2000 kcal/p/d
  • Costs: 80 Mio US $ (2004); 55 US $ (2005); 40 Mio US $ (in 2006); 2011 ?
  • Contribution SHA- 1 site planner 2004- 1 water specialist 2004 to 2010
  • - 1 environment specialist 2004 to 2006 and 2011
zustand und anf lligkeit der kosysteme sahel tschad
Zustand und Anfälligkeit der Ökosysteme (Sahel Tschad)

Nach Norden abnehmender Niederschlag und zunehmende Anfälligkeit des Ökosystems

main refugee s zones
Main Refugee’s Zones
  • 12 camps répartis en 4 zones avec des caractéristiques propres

(unités d’analyse)

wood saving 3 and more of these wood saving stoves
Wood saving 3… and more of these wood saving stoves!
  • Metallic stove "Save80"
  • Metallic stove "Central African Stove„
  • Mud stove mobil
wood substitution 1 briquettes of different materials
Wood substitution 1Briquettes of different materials
  • Cardboard, Doum kernel, mixture of…
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