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Anti-SPAM activities in Malaysia - Current Situation, Regulatory Environment and Future Developments

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  1. Anti-SPAM activities in Malaysia - Current Situation, Regulatory Environment and Future Developments ITU virtual conference on anti-spam regulation and policy development November 19th, 2004

  2. Agenda • SPAM in Malaysia - The current situation • The Malaysian Approach - Regulatory Environment • A Call for Action - Future Developments © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  3. SPAM in Malaysia - The current situation • As reported by the Malaysia’s National ICT Security Emergency Response Center (NISER), the top 10 originating countries in the case of SPAM in Malaysia are: • USA - 59.09%, China - 5.56%, Korea - 4.46%, Canada -3.33%, Japan - 2.12%, Taiwan - 2.09%, UK - 1.66%, France - 1.60%, Germany -1.30% • Local - 3.15% © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  4. The Malaysian Approach - The Regulatory Environment • Issued a public discussion paper on 7 August 2003 and the results of it on 18 February 2004 • Developed multi-prong action-plans to combat SPAM based on the following: • Self-Regulation • Management by Service Providers • International cooperation • Legislative recourse © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  5. Self-Regulation • Awareness/Education: targeting business and consumer end users – nation-wide awareness program • Setting up a SPAM portal (www.mcmc.gov.my/mcmc.what_we_do/ins/faq.asp) • Promotion of technology-based solutions • Development of an IASP sub-code benchmark on SPAM for the Consumer Forum (IASP and Mobile) © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  6. Regulator – Industry Cooperation • The establishment of an Information Sharing Forum (ISF). • ISPs and relevant stakeholders from private and public bodies- working towards guidelines/ best practices, “whitelist” of IPs and “blacklist” of known spammers. • Technical guidelines. • Compendium of best practices. • An Anti-SPAM Toolkit (available 1st Quarter 2005) © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  7. Cont; • Monitoring of International Blacklist Servers (eg. Spamhaus etc) • Alerted IASPs in Malaysia of list of IPs listed by the Anti-SPAM Coordination Team of Internet Society of China as sending SPAM. © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  8. Management by Service Providers • Enforcement of subscription contract between Service Providers and customers • Service Provider’s obligations under the Content Code and General Consumer Code • Sub-codes: • Internet Service Providers on SPAM; and • Mobile Operators on SMS SPAM 4. Promotion of technology-based solutions © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  9. International Cooperation • Information sharing, technical solutions and study of legal provisions of each country • Urgent need for a coordinated approach by the global community - private and public bodies • MCMC is leading the Asean Telecommunication Regulator Council (ATRC) initiatives on anti-SPAM © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  10. International Cooperation – Malaysia’s role in the ASEAN Telecommunications Regulators Council (ATRC) • In line with the Singapore Declaration – An Action Agenda - adopted at the 3rd TELMIN in September 2003, Singapore • Ministers called for the acceleration of the development and security of the ASEAN Information Infrastructure © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  11. Cont; • During the last ATRC meeting in Laos, member countries agreed for Malaysia to spearhead ATRC’s action plan on SPAM; • Establishes working level link between members; • Encourages exchange of skills and sharing of: • Policies and strategies; • Technical expertise; • Educational strategies and information; and • Knowledge and information about known sources of SPAM © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  12. Cont; • Facilitates cooperation between industry and anti-SPAM groups within ATRC economies; • Bilateral arrangements to fight SPAM; and • Engages with other international fora towards cooperation in fighting SPAM. © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  13. Legislative Recourse • Malaysia do not have a specific anti-SPAM law. • Presently relying on Section 233 of the Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 (CMA) but yet to be tested • Monitoring developments of anti-SPAM laws in other jurisdiction, examples: • United States of America • Australia • Korea • Other countries © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  14. Future Developments • The Anti-SPAM Toolkit to be made available in 1st Quarter 2005 • Continuing and sustaining Awareness and Educational programs • Promotion of Technology solutions and Positive Use of the Internet • Bilateral Agreements/MoUs with other countries • Enforcement - Section 233 of the CMA • Study need for Anti-SPAM legislation © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  15. Call For Action - Future Development • Industry - Internet Service Providers • Minimize/eradicate spam received through their gateway • Offer solutions to users/customers • Educate users/customers • Ensure that spammers are blocked from using our local network infrastructure to spam • Cooperate with Regulators and other ISPs - share information • Promote technical approach to counter SPAM © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  16. Call For Action - Future Developments • Consumer end users • Cultivate responsible use of your email address • Adopt technology solutions - anti-SPAM, anti-spy ware software • Exercise your rights - lodge complaints to the relevant organizations - MCMC’s online complaint reporting on SPAM © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  17. Call For Action - Future Developments • Companies/Organizations • Adopt technology solutions • Ensure email policy is in place and adhered to • Exercise your rights - lodge complaints • Educate employees on the usage of corporate/organizational email © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  18. Conclusion: The Regulator’s Role • Continue to work together in concert with the industry and other relevant organizations • Continue to work with the global community especially with other regulators - Addressing SPAM requires global cooperation • Build and sustain awareness/education • To act upon complaints received • Promote technical solution © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

  19. Thank You Information and Network Security Department, antispam-ins@cmc.gov.my Monitoring & Enforcement Division, Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission, MALAYSIA www.mcmc.gov.my © 2004 Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission