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Local Alabama Aquifer Water Quality Effects on Broiler Production and Processing. J.B. Hess, J.P. Blake, S.F. Bilgili and K.S. Macklin Auburn Poultry Science Department. Broilers and Water Quality. Water Availability Drinking – Several g allons per bird Evaporative Cooling Water Quality

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local alabama aquifer water quality effects on broiler production and processing

Local Alabama Aquifer Water Quality Effects on Broiler Production and Processing

J.B. Hess, J.P. Blake, S.F. Bilgili and K.S. Macklin

Auburn Poultry Science Department

broilers and water quality
Broilers and Water Quality
  • Water Availability
    • Drinking – Several gallons per bird
    • Evaporative Cooling
  • Water Quality
    • Drinking – Bird Health
      • Intestinal
    • Processing – 4-8 gal/bird
      • 1 million birds/week
water sources
Water Sources
  • Broiler Farms
    • Wells
    • Municipal
  • Processing Plants
    • Wells
  • Hatcheries
    • Municipal
hatcheries
Hatcheries
  • Clean, Precise
    • Can’t Afford Issues
  • Evaporative Cooling
    • Humidity in Incubators
  • Sanitation - Chemicals
  • Vaccination – Live Organisms
poultry industry
Poultry Industry
  • North Central
    • Cullman, Marshall, Blount
  • South East
    • Coffee, Dale, Barbour, Pike, Crenshaw
  • North West
    • Franklin, Winston
  • West Central/Central
    • Pickens, Greene, Hale, Tuscaloosa
north central alabama
North Central Alabama
  • Primarily the Pottsville Aquifer
  • High Iron Levels
  • Stain Equipment
  • Cause Leaks – Wet litter
    • Footpad Health, Increased Bacteria, Increased ammonia
  • Processing – Iron Precipitates
processing iron precipitates
Processing – Iron Precipitates
  • Water In Processing Plants
  • Iron Precipitates
    • Clog Filters
    • On final Product - Contamination
  • Remediation
    • Filtration – Constant Battle
    • Change pH of Water
southeast alabama
Southeast Alabama
  • Ripley, Nanfalia, Confining Units, Crystal River Aquifers
  • Sand
  • Iron
  • Sodium
excess salt
Excess Salt
  • Poultry – Narrow Range for Health
  • Too much in Feed – Drink More Water
  • Too Much in Water – Drink More Water
    • Compounds Problem
  • Nutritionist – Can adjust Feed Salt Level if Saline Water – But Only if All Customers are on the Same Aquifer
sodium and litter moisture
Sodium and Litter Moisture

Percent

0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30%

sodium and foot pad burns
Sodium and Foot Pad Burns

Percent

0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30%

northwest alabama
Northwest Alabama
  • Tuscumbia-Fort Payne, Bangor Aquifers, Pottville as well
  • Hardness
    • Mechanical Problems
      • Farms, Process and Hatcheries
    • Calcium over 60 ppm
    • Scale Buildup
west central alabam a
West Central Alabama
  • Gordo and Eutaw Aquifers
  • Low pH
    • 5 – 7
    • Biologically – This has some advantages
    • Equipment – Can eat metal causing leaks
    • Processing Sanitation Chemical – Basic pH
  • Sodium
    • High Sodium – Too much water Consumption
    • Wet litter
west central analysis
West Central Analysis
  • 47% Under pH 6
  • 3% Over pH 8
  • Lowest – 4.9
  • Equipment Life
  • Sodium
    • Most were 2 ppm
    • Highest 74 ppm
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Local Aquifer Water Quality is an Issue in Poultry Health
  • Local Aquifer Water Quality is an Issue in Mechanical Aspects of Hatcheries and Processing Plants
  • Examining Local Water Quality Will Allow Farmers to Predict What Mitigation May be Necessary
local alabama aquifer water quality effects on broiler production and processing1

Local Alabama Aquifer Water Quality Effects on Broiler Production and Processing

J.B. Hess, J.P. Blake, S.F. Bilgili and K.S. Macklin

Auburn Poultry Science Department