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Local Aquifer Protection Regulations. F&ES 851b Lisa Botero Bruce Ho 20 April 2004. Why protect aquifers?. Save money Protect health Preserve the environment . Aquifer protection authority. Federal Legislative (CWA, SDWA) Provide resources (financial, advisory) State

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local aquifer protection regulations

Local Aquifer Protection Regulations

F&ES 851b

Lisa Botero

Bruce Ho

20 April 2004

why protect aquifers
Why protect aquifers?
  • Save money
  • Protect health
  • Preserve the environment
aquifer protection authority
Aquifer protection authority
  • Federal
    • Legislative (CWA, SDWA)
    • Provide resources (financial, advisory)
  • State
    • Legislative (rights, standards)
    • Provide resources (financial, advisory)
  • Sub-State Regional
    • *Legislative (planning, zoning)
    • Provide resources (financial, advisory)
  • Local
    • Legislative (planning, zoning)
why local level protection
Why local level protection?
  • Geographic location
  • Municipal water supply facilities
  • Local threats/local solutions
research methods
Research methods
  • Spam
    • Personal contacts
    • University centers/professors
    • Non-profits
  • EPA identified communities
  • Phone networking
  • F&ES contacts
types of aquifer ordinances
Types of aquifer ordinances
  • Fee-based (Users)
  • Specific use prohibitions (Polluters)
  • General protection criteria (Pollutants)
fee based spokane county wa
Fee-Based:Spokane County, WA
  • Pay for public sewer improvements
  • Aquifer use fee
  • Why regulate this way?
    • Simple
    • Relatively non-controversial
specific use prohibitions hatfield ma
Specific Use Prohibitions:Hatfield, MA
  • Permitting of uses
  • Lists prohibited and restricted activities
    • Automotive service stations
    • Sand and gravel operations
    • Wastewater treatment facilities
  • Why regulate this way?
    • Target specific problems
    • Clear standards
general protection criteria pekin il
General Protection Criteria:Pekin, IL
  • Individually evaluate activities
  • General standards
    • Impervious surfaces
    • Hazardous materials
    • Setbacks
  • Why regulate this way?
    • More inclusive
    • Longevity
sample ordinance austin tx save our springs
Sample Ordinance: Austin, TX: Save Our Springs
  • Citizen initiative adopted in 1992
  • “To preserve a clean and safe drinking water supply…”
  • “To prevent further degradation of the water quality in Barton Creek, Barton Springs, and the Barton Springs Edwards Aquifer…”
save our springs initiative
Save Our Springs Initiative
  • Pollution prevention (NPS)

Application: Site-by-site review of new development and modifications within the aquifer recharge zone

Requirement: No net increase in site runoff pollution

Method: Impervious surface cover standards and water quality controls

save our springs
Additional provisionsSave Our Springs…
  • Critical waterway areas
  • Expiration of prior approvals
  • Conflict with other laws
  • Future standards
save our springs innovation
Save Our Springs: Innovation
  • Why is this innovative?
    • Strong, scientific standards
    • Regulates water quality…
    • …not specific activities
    • Flexible implementation
    • Room to grow
save our springs enforcement issues
Save Our Springs: Enforcement Issues
  • State legislation
  • City government
  • Legal challenges
change agents
Change agents
  • Government
    • Federal: EPA, USGS
    • State: State Geological Surveys
    • Sub-State Regional: Water Quality/Natural Resource Districts
  • Academic
  • Non-Profit
how is change happening
How is change happening?
  • Crisis driven: prevention or response
    • Vulnerable resource
    • Contamination
  • Government mandate
    • EPA standards
    • State standards
observations
Observations
  • Public education and outreach
  • Regional aquifers and coalitions
  • Water rights issues