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Psychology 100:12 Chapter 5 Sensation & Perception Part V. Outline. Attention Cells phones and driving Data collection Group Sign up Four options. Study Question:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Psychology 100:12

Chapter 5

Sensation

&

Perception

Part V

outline
Outline
  • Attention
    • Cells phones and driving
  • Data collection
    • Group Sign up
    • Four options

Study Question:

• Why might a proponent of Kahneman’s attention theory feel that driving a car while talking on a cell phone is a bad idea?

slide3

Attention

Attention

  • The cell phone diversion
    • Strayer’s Research
      • The inattentional blindness hypothesis
        • Cell-phone conversation disrupts performance by diverting attention from the external environment associated with the driving task to the cellphone converstation.
      • What about strategic reallocation?
        • There are important and unimportant objects
      • Two-Alternative forced choice recognition
        • Drivers rated the importance of the items.
      • Performance was significantly poorer in the dual task.
        • even when fixation duration is controlled.
        • Absolutely no effect of the importance of the object on the inattentional blindness effect.
slide4

Attention

Attention

  • The cell phone diversion
    • Strayer’s Research
      • Conversing on the phone vs. with a passenger
      • Instructed to drive 8 miles down a freeway and exit at a truck stop.
        • Only 12% of drivers with a passenger missed the exit.
        • About 50% talking on a cell phone missed the exit
          • The passengers assisted the drivers
slide5

Attention

Attention

  • The cell phone diversion
    • Strayer’s Research
      • Conversing and driving vs. drinking and driving
        • Car-tailing paradigm
        • Compared .08% alcohol intoxication with hands held and hands free.
          • No differences were observed between the cell phone conditions
          • Both Alcohol and phone groups showed impaired driving
          • 4 of the cell phones talkers rear-ended the pace car (none of the drinkers had a collision)
slide6

Lab Day

  • Sign-up
    • Groups of 4-6
      • Minimal Shuffling
      • Contact information
    • Four options
      • 3 in class experiments
      • One option for collecting your own data
slide7

Lab Day

  • Response sheet
    • Groups of 4-6
      • Minimal Shuffling
      • Contact information
    • Four options
      • 3 in class experiments
      • One option for collecting your own data
slide8

Lab Day

  • Data Set 1
    • Response Sheet
      • 1-8 for ‘handedness’
      • 1 - 16 for ‘emotion judgment’
slide9

Lab Day

  • Handedness
    • For the following items use the following numerical answer key

Always Left Sometimes left Both Always right Sometimes right

-2 -1 0 1 2

      • Which hand do you use to hold scissors?
      • With which hand do you draw?
      • With which hand do you deal cards?
      • Which hand do you use to hold a toothbrush when cleaning teeth?
      • With which hand do you throw a ball?
      • Which hand do you use to hold a hammer?
      • With which hand do you turn a key?
      • With which hand do you stir with a spoon?
  • Add the responses together to get a “total”
slide10

Lab Day

  • Emotion judgement
    • Instructions
      • For each of the following pairs of pictures indicate (top or bottom) which person looks happier.
slide27

Lab Day

  • Emotion judgement
    • Scoring
      • B
      • T
      • T
      • B
      • B
      • B
      • T
      • B
      • T
      • B
      • B
      • T
      • T
      • T
      • B
      • T
  • Indicate the total number (out of 16) of you answers that correspond with the answers given to the left.
slide28

Lab Day

  • Data Set 2
    • Instructions
      • You will see a series of statements, each describing a person performing some type of behavior.
      • Each person belongs to either Group A or Group B.
      • After all statements have been presented, you will respond with your impressions.
group ratings
Group Ratings
  • Construct the table below.
group ratings1

Lab Day

Group Ratings
  • Your next task is to rate each of the groups.
    • Use the scale below:

1: Strongly Disagree

7: Strongly Agree

    • You should use intermediate values as well as these two extremes.
group ratings2
Group Ratings

1: Strongly Disagree - 7: Strongly Agree

slide72

Lab Day

  • Data Set 3
    • Response Sheet
      • Indicate your Sex (M or F)
slide73

Lab Day

  • Consider the following:

What figure best represents your figure?

What figure best represents what you would like to look like?

What figure best represents what the opposite sex finds most attractive?

What figure from the opposite sex do you find most attractive?

slide74

Lab Day

  • Option 4
    • Collect data on “Facism”
    • Design your own experiment or descriptive study
      • Form your own hypotheses
        • Explore different forms of media
        • Male or female oriented magazines
        • ??