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ORGANIC SIKKIM. Since the State has been declared as Organic State in 2003, use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged on-farm and off-farm inputs such as; Vermi -compost Enriched Rural compost Integrated nutrient management Bio-fertilizers G reen manure Azolla

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  • Since the State has been declared as Organic State in 2003, use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged

  • on-farm and off-farm inputs such as;

    • Vermi-compost

    • Enriched Rural compost

    • Integrated nutrient management

    • Bio-fertilizers

    • Green manure

    • Azolla

    • Liming of the acidic soil

    • Micro nutrients


Vermicompost unit
Vermicompost Unit use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged


Packaging of vermi compost for sale
Packaging of use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged Vermi compost for sale


  • Soil testing and issuing of soil health card to all the farmers

  • Static soil testing laboratory in all the districts

  • 2 mobile soil testing laboratory vehicle equipped with latest instruments are operational


  • Azolla pond
    Azolla use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged Pond


    Improved rural compost cum urine pit
    Improved Rural Compost-cum-Urine Pit use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged


    DISTRICT WISE PROGRESS REPORT OF SOIL TESTING LABORATORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    SOIL ACIDITY AND FERTILITY STATUS OF SIKKIM DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014

    1.Soils under different reaction classes:


    2.Organic carbon status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    3.Available Nitrogen status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    4.Available Phosphorous status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    5.Available Potassium DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    6.Available Iron status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    7.Available Manganese status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    8.Available Zinc status DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    9.Available Copper status: DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    • The above data shows that in Sikkim nearly 73% DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014 of cultivated area is under strongly to extremely acidic in soil reaction.

    • 91% cultivated area under low to medium in Nitrogen content

    • .However Organic carbon , Phosphorous and Potassium content are medium to high.

    • The deficient micro-nutrients are Zinc, copper and manganese.


    INM Demonstration in DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014 Organic Maize field


    Inm in rice
    INM in Rice DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    • SOIL REACTION ( DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014 Ph) AND ITS RECLAMATION

    • Due to high rainfall in the state which causes downward leaching of bases resulting in soil acidity.

    • The state has strongly to extremely acidic soil with pH ranging from 5.5 to < 4.5 in about 73% cultivated area.

    • The acidic soil needs to be reclaimed with

      • liming materials like dolomite for improving the structure,

      • uptake of plant nutrient and

      • moisture retention capacity.

    • Hence liming @ 1.5 to 2 tons per hectare is needed to neutralize the soil acidity of the state.


    • Locally available plant species are used to prepare concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation.


    Ipm strategy
    IPM strategy concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation

    • Non-use of synthetic pesticides has led to conservation of Natural Enemies. Augmentation is done through innundative release of Trichogramma.

    • For Integrated Disease Management, Trichoderma is used extensively in addition to restricted use of the copper compounds.

    • Neem products are also popular in addition to use of cow urine and other herbal extracts.


    Continuation of withdrawn subsidy for organic farming
    Continuation of withdrawn subsidy for Organic Farming concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation

    • Discouraging of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides has led discontinuation of subsidy to the State.

    • In lieu, the subsidy component may be extended/continued to the State for other alternative inputs such as bio-fertilizers, organic manure and bio-pesticides.

    • Such an arrangement would provide a major thrust to the on-going efforts in improving soil fertility status and for enhancing productivity and in the sustainable development of the State.


    Model organic input production demonstration farm
    Model Organic Input Production Demonstration Farm concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation


    Rice cultivation in bench terraces
    Rice cultivation in Bench Terraces concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation


    Thank you
    THANK YOU concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation


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