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Animal Behavior and Restraint. Equine. Equine Characteristics. Prey animals Grazers Fight or flight Monofocal and biofocal vision Blind spots Directly in front Directly behind. Normal Equine Behavior. Herd animals Group together Follow herd leader Anxious when isolated from herd

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Presentation Transcript
equine characteristics
Equine Characteristics
  • Prey animals
  • Grazers
  • Fight or flight
  • Monofocal and biofocal vision
    • Blind spots
      • Directly in front
      • Directly behind

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

normal equine behavior
Normal Equine Behavior
  • Herd animals
    • Group together
    • Follow herd leader
  • Anxious when isolated from herd
  • Mothers will protect young
    • Avoid separating mare-foal pairs

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

body language
Body Language
  • Both ears back
    • Angry, threatened, warning
  • Ears slightly back or forward
    • Listening
    • Attentive
  • Tail swishing
    • Agitated

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

flight zone
Flight Zone
  • Animal’s personal space
  • Indicator or possible threat
  • Size determined by
    • Tameness
    • Degree of excitement
  • Animal moves away from things in the flight zone

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

herding moving equine
Herding & Moving Equine
  • Startled by sudden movements and loud noises
  • Avoid
    • Abuse
    • Loud noises, yelling
    • Isolating animals
    • Distractions
  • Use slow movements
  • Easily dominated by humans

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

capture containment
Capture & Containment
  • Tame horses
    • Used to humans
    • Easily penned
  • Wild horses
    • Other horses should be used in containment
    • Avoid running them
  • Use food to entice them
  • Be alert of surroundings
  • Makeshift corrals can be used
  • Wire fencing should be avoided

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

behavior after handling
Behavior After Handling
  • Allow access to feed, water, and shelter
  • Extra caution should be taken with stallions
  • Social order must be re-established
  • Be alert of any injuries

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

restraint
Restraint
  • Minimal movement
    • Stocks/Chute
    • Hobbles
    • Twitch
    • Halter with chainlead shank
  • Full movement
    • Stalls
    • Corrals

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

special considerations
Special Considerations
  • Monitor in conditions of high heat or extreme cold
  • Farrier needs
  • Winter weather requires special equipment
    • Heaters or wind break
    • Gritty, non-slip substances
    • Blankets

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

safety
Safety
  • Avoid injuries from equine
    • Kicks
    • Striking
    • Rearing
    • Biting
    • Can inflict injuries with head
    • Will run over you if desperate

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

additional information
Additional Information
  • Approaching a Horse Safely. American Youth Horse Council.http://ayhc.com/uploads/approaching-a-horse-safely-2011.pdf
  • Approaching, Catching, and Haltering Horses Safely. Rutgers Cooperative Extension. http://nasdonline.org/static_content/documents/1043/d000837.pdf
  • Techniques for Safely Handling Horses. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. http://pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-2755/E-960.pdf

Animal Behavior and Restraint: Equine

acknowledgments

Acknowledgments

Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from the Multi-State Partnership for Security in Agriculture

Authors: Abbey Smith, Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH, DACVPM