Animal Behavior and Restraint. Mr. Pace Vet Assisting. Animal Communication. Auditory Mothers identify their offspring through distinctive sounds Animals vocalize when: Distressed, Hungry Sounds communicate: Danger, feeding, reproductive readiness, mark territory. Animal communication.
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Animal Behavior and Restraint Mr. Pace Vet Assisting
Animal Communication • Auditory • Mothers identify their offspring through distinctive sounds • Animals vocalize when: • Distressed, Hungry • Sounds communicate: • Danger, feeding, reproductive readiness, mark territory
Animal communication • Olfactory • Odors release pheromones which trigger behavior • Readiness to breed (“heat”) • Offspring recognition
Animal communication • Tactile • Proper behavior taught by touch patterns • Scruffing • Touch is used in social bonding • Mutual grooming • Initiate play
Animal communication • Visual • Visual signs made by: • Eyes, ears, tail, posture, etc. • Recognized by SEEING: • Color or movement
Factors influencing behavior • Environment • Physical Surroundings • Cleanliness • Temperature • Lighting • Noise • Enclosure Size
Factors Influencing behavior • Health • Physical Health • Anesthesia • Injury • Ohio Wild Animals on the loose: • Why were police unable to just tranquilize all of the wild animals and transport them to zoos?
Factors Influencing behavior • Experience • The way an animal was raised affects its behavior. • Dog – Kennel vs home w/ kids • Cat – house cat vs barn cat • Horse – Raised on the range vs backyard pasture, Imprinting?
Factors influencing behavior • Genetics • Genetics affect some animal’s temperament • Can be altered in training and conditioning but will always be there • Sea World Florida • Tilikum Returns • Animal behavior takes shape of ancestors (wolf, wild horse, etc) • Top 3 aggressive dogs: • Pit Bull • Rottweiler • German Shepherd
Factors influencing Behavior • Ingestive • Patterns of eating, drinking, and finding food • Eliminative • Urinating and defecating behaviors • Burying feces
Patterns of Behavior • Sexual • Behavior enhanced/caused by gender hormones • “Heat” Behavior • Male Dominance or Aggression • Mother – Young • Care giving to young • Protection
Patterns of behavior • Agnostic • Behavior associated with danger/conflict • Fight or Flight • Gregarious • Social structures formed in groups, flocks, or herds
Patterns of Behavior • Investigative • How animals explore their surroundings • Sleep and Rest • Patterns of sleep • Nocturnal • Sleep standing up or laying down
Behaviorally healthy animals… • Behavior wellness is the condition or state of normal and acceptable pet’s conduct that enhances the human-animal bond and the pet’s quality of life
Behaviorally Healthy Animals… • Why would a vet clinic choose to take an active role in educating clients about animal behavior and training? • The vet clinic staff are probably the first professionals to see a new puppy or kitten when it comes in for vaccines • You want pet owners to be happy with their pet. They won’t be if it has behavior problems. • Working at a vet clinic allows you to see the good, bad and ugly of every breed. • Help owners choose the right breed for them.
Behaviorally healthy animals… • People’s pets should behave in the following manner • Affectionate, without being overly needed • Are friendly toward or at least tolerant of people, including children, and other members of their own species. • Enjoy or at least tolerate normal, everyday handling and interactions • Eliminate only in acceptable areas • Are not overly fearful of normal, everyday events or new things • Adapt to change with minimal problems • Play well with others by not becoming uncontrollable or rough
Behaviorally healthy animals… • Are not nuisances or dangerous to the community • Can be left alone for a reasonable time period without becoming anxious or panicked and consistently misbehave • Readily relinquish control of space, food, toys, or other objects • Vocalize when appropriate, but not to excess. (dog bark, cat meow, bird screech, etc….) • Dogs: reliably respond when told to sit, down, come, stay. • Cats: scratch only items provided for this purpose.
Dog Behavior • Relaxed • Tail Relaxed • Ears watching you • Mouth open • Loose stance
Dog Behavior • Fear • Ears pinned back • “Hackles up” • Could growl • Stooped • Tail between legs
Dog Behavior • Alert • Ears pricked forward • Tail Stiff • Mouth Closed • Standing forward on toes
Dog Behavior • Submission • Rolled on back with stomach and throat exposed • Tail tucked • Ears back • Avoids eye contact • May dribble urine
Dog Behavior • Aggressive • Hackles raised • Tail bristled and stiff • Nose curled, lips wrinkled • Teeth and gums visible • Stiff legged, body leaning
Dog Behavior • Play • Tail wagging • Front end lowered • Ears up • Mouth open with tongue out
The Real Question?? Have a dog?? …. Or have kids??
Training theories • Positive Reinforcement • Correct behavior is rewarded with a pleasant stimulus • Dog is told to sit, dog sits, give treat Video
Training Theories • Negative Reinforcement • Animal avoids unpleasant stimulus by doing a correct behavior • Choke collar – dog feels no pressure unless it pulls on the leash • Stud chain – horse feels no pressure unless it pulls
Training Theories • Punishment • Giving a negative stimulus after an INCORRECT behavior • Dog growls at child, adult smacks it’s nose
Training theories • Extinction • Removal of positive reinforcement • Ignore the barking dog *Technique works, but you must outlast the dog…..
Training Theories • Animal Training Trips • Use single syllable commands • Use voice AND visual commands • Be consistent • Avoid negative behavior • Meet pet’s needs first (exercise, feed, etc)
Small animal restraint • For an exam or procedure • Try to make animal comfortable and feel safe • Use walls, corners, and yourself as a barrier
Small Animal Restraint • To draw blood or set up IV: • Dogs • Jugular: hold in sitting position with neck up • Front leg: be sure they can’t pull leg away
Small animal Restraint • To draw blood or set up IV: • Cats • Scruff of back leg • Jugular
Small Animal Restraint • For an x-ray Sternal Recumbancy Lateral Recumbancy
Small Animal Restraint Tricks for aggressive/fearful dogs: • Muzzle • Gauze muzzle • Loop leash • Rabies pole
Small Animal Restraint Tricks for aggressive/fearful cats: • Towel wrap • Face mask • Cat bag
Large Animal Restraints • Horses: • Stocks • Prevent Movement • Tricks for problem horses that can’t be controlled in stocks
Large Animal Restraint • Horses: • How to safely tie a horse
Large Animal Restraint • Cattle: • Squeeze chutes
Large animal Restraint • Sheep/Goats • Keep head up; they can’t run forward with their head up • Hold all 4 legs when possible
PRACTICE • Restraint of the Dog for Venipuncture of the Lateral Saphenous Vein • Restraint of the Dog for Jugular Venipuncture • Restraint of the Dog for Cephalic Venipuncture • Applying a gauze muzzle