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The Underground Railroad: A Perilous Journey to Freedom. Liz Butler Kristie Varghese Chavi St. Hill Jake Waldron Seun Odusola. Frederick Douglas: A Conductor of the Underground Railroad. Frederick Douglass is one of the famous abolitionists and conductors of the Underground Railroad.
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Chavi St. Hill
“On Monday, the third day of September, 1838, in accordance with my resolution, I bade farewell to the city of Baltimore, and to that slavery which had been my abhorrence from childhood…But I had one friend-a sailor-who owned a sailor’s protection…certifying to the fact that he was a free American sailor…In my clothing I was rigged out in sailor style. I had on a red shirt and a tarpaulin hat and black cravat tied in sailor fashion…When the conductor left me with the assurance I was all right, though much relieved, I realized that I was still in great danger: I was still in Maryland, and subject to arrest at any moment…After Maryland I was to pass through Delaware, another slave state, where slave catchers generally awaited their prey, for it was on its borders that these human hounds were most vigilant and active. The border lines between slavery and freedom were the dangerous ones for the fugitives…I reached New York Tuesday morning, having complete the journey in less than twenty four hours…Such is briefly the manner of my escape from slavery--and the end of my experience as a slave.”
“One important branch of my anti-slavery work in Rochester, in addition to that of speaking and writing against slavery, must not be forgotten or omitted. I was on the southern border of Lake Ontario, -and my prominence as an abolitionist, and as the editor of an anti-slavery paper, naturally made me the station-master and conductor of the underground railroad passing through this goodly [Rochester]. Secrecy and concealment were necessary conditions to the successful operation of this railroad, and hence its prefix "underground." My agency was all the more exciting and interesting, because not altogether free from danger. I could take no step in it without exposing myself to fine and imprisonment, for these were the penalties imposed by the fugitive-slave law for feeding, harboring, or otherwise assisting a slave to escape from his master…On one occasion I had eleven fugitives at the same time under my roof, and it was necessary for them to remain with me until I could collect sufficient money to get them on to Canada. It was the largest number I ever had at any one time, and I had some difficulty in providing so many with food and shelter, but, as may well be imagined, they were not very fastidious in either direction, and were well content with very plain food, and a strip of carpet on the floor for a bed.”
“What have I, or those I represent, to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? and am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the benefits and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us?...”
FROM HARRIET TUBMAN TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN
These were the ideas of Harriet and what she believed in. It shows people who she really was.
“Never wound a snake; kill it.”
“I freed a thousand slaves I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.”
“I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.”
“Quakers almost as good as colored.... They call themselves friends and you can trust them every time.”
All by Harriet TubmanQuotes
This is a photograph of Laura Smith Haviland.
Laura Smith Haviland was an abolitionist from Michigan. She set up the first Underground Railroad Station in Michigan.
Laura Smith Haviland set up the first Underground Railroad Station in Michigan. She would also go down South to help runaway slaves.
I included this source because it shows one of the most important abolitionists in the Underground Railroad. She was also one of the biggest Anti-Slavery activists.
Laura Smith Haviland was one of the biggest contributors to the Underground Railroad and Anti-Slavery in general.
This photograph shows the “Freedom Stairway”, the passage to make it up to the Rankin Underground Railroad house.
This Stairway was the passage way through the forest to make it to the Rankin Underground Railroad house. This house was right near the border of the North and South so it was close to getting the runaway slaves closer to freedom.
This is what most runaway slaves would go through to get to the Rankin House. It was their signal that they were almost there.
This shows what most runaway slaves would see and it lets us see what they saw as they neared freedom.
There were many signals that they were close to where they were going or at least on the right track.
This poster was created by the a slave owner in Maryland to give information that his slaves were missing.
This poster was posted to inform the public that there were slaves missing and he would give a reward to whoever found them.
This poster shows how the slave owners would react when one of their slaves escaped and badly they wanted them back.
This poster lets you see what would be posted if you lived back in that time and if a slave had escaped.
This can teach how much of an impact slaves had on the economy. They did all of the farming on the plantations and without them, there was no product to sell.
This picture was taken of Rev. John Rankin and his wife on their 50th wedding anniversary.
Rev. John Rankin and his wife were two big abolitionists and conductors in the Underground Railroad.
The Rankins’ house was on the border of the North and South right on the Ohio River which separated the free states from Kentucky. Many slaves would pass through their house on their way to freedom.
These two abolitionists were very important on slaves’ ways to freedom and a big part of the railroad.
There were many families that helped along the Underground Railroad and this was one of the most important ones.
When the Sun comes backAnd the first quail callsFollow the Drinking Gourd,For the old man is a-waiting for to carry you to freedomIf you follow the Drinking Gourd
The riverbank makes a very good road.The dead trees will show you the way.Left foot, peg foot, travelling on,Follow the Drinking Gourd.
The river ends between two hillsFollow the Drinking Gourd.There’s another river on the other sideFollow the Drinking Gourd.
When the great big river meets the little riverFollow the Drinking Gourd.For the old man is a-waiting for to carry to freedomIf you follow the Drinking Gourd.