Working To Overturn Laws Criminalizing People on The Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
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Working To Overturn Laws Criminalizing People on The Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. Micheal Ighodaro Communications Intern : International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission . BACKGROUD.

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Working To Overturn Laws Criminalizing People on The Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

MichealIghodaro

Communications Intern :International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission


Backgroud
BACKGROUD of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

In all regions, people experience violence and discrimination because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. sex between individuals of the same sex is criminalized in vague terms. In Malaysia, “carnal intercourse against the order of nature” is punishable by up to 20 years’ imprisonment and whipping. Similarly, in Uganda, “carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature” is an offence which can carry a sentence of life imprisonment. In Nigeria 10 years imprisonment for anyone who “directly or indirectly show same sex affection”

This is not just in Nigeria, Russia, India or Uganda, but in about 76 countries around the world with discriminatory laws. Such legislations not only criminalizes lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people but creates conditions in which any abuse of their human rights can be justified. It also denies them access to health care services and education.


Mapping anti gay laws in some africa countries
Mapping Anti- Gay Laws in Some Africa Countries of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

  • UGANDA: It's already illegal to be gay in Uganda. If you're found to have had a same-sex relationship, you can expect to spend seven years in prison. But Uganda's anti-gay laws have become even harsher. In February 2014, the notorious Anti-Homosexuality Bill was signed into law by Uganda's President. It has lengthened sentences for consensual homosexual sex, and extended punishments to those 'promoting' homosexuality.

  • Nigeria: Nigeria already outlaws same-sex relationships. But the conditions of imprisonment have become wider, and the punishment much harsher, when Nigeria's President passed amendments to existing laws in January 2014.


Illegal or legal breaking it down by country
illegal or legal? Breaking it down by country of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Death penalty

Mauritania, Sudan, Northern Nigeria, Southern Somalia

Illegal

Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Legal

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Africa.


Human rights violations of lgbt nigerians from jan may 2014
Human Rights Violations of LGBT Nigerians From Jan-May 2014 of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity


Overturning laws criminalizing people on the basis of sexual orientation
Overturning Laws Criminalizing People on The of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Basis of Sexual Orientation

  • Civil society sensitization; leading to public education programs

  • Coalition and alliance building;

  • Community economical empowerment

  • Research on the impact of discrimination and violence suffered on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.

  • Media, entertainment industry engagement

  • Direct community engagement with government officials

  • Public interest litigation


Recommendations
Recommendations of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

  • Continues involvement of LGBT advocate in high level discussions, including Young LGBT advocate living with HIV.

  • Continues funding of grassroots organizations

  • Need for a broad LGBT Violence documentation in Africa

  • Foreign Aid Withdrawal should not be tide to LGBT Rights Violation’s

  • Investment in programs that educate and promote economical growths

  • Research on Anti-LGBT laws impact on HIV Prevention, treatment and care


  • Thank You of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity


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