Louisiana Purchase Treaty
Foreign and Domestic Problems 1807 - 1812 • Problems with Britain and France…again • Wars with natives
DOMESTIC POLICY: how a country deals with issues at home. US Domestic Policy: Testing the Gov’t power Go west FOREIGN POLICY: how a country deals with other nations. US Foreign Policy: Stay neutral American Policies
Foreign Problems • France & Britain are still fighting.
U.S. ships are being attacked & cargo seized • Sailors are being impressed: forced into service by the British
The U.S. Responds The Embargo Act ,1807 • forbade Americans from trading with ANY country. A very unpopular idea
The Embargo Act was a disaster! • Jefferson thought that Britain & France would be devastated when they didn't receive their regular shipments of food, weapons, and other American goods.
Trade fell sailors & dock workers lost jobs smuggling increased. New England merchants hurt most The Embargo Act backfired, as American ships sat in American ports, their cargoes rotting or spoiling
The Embargo Act failed & was replaced: The Non-intercourse Act 1809 • US can trade with any nation EXCEPT Britain & France.
Agree to respect US neutrality & leave ships alone. Trade resumed. French Response
BRITISH RESPONSE • Continues attacking American ships colonies. • Continuesimpressmentof Americans sailors.
Domestic Problems • Conflicts with Native Americans as Americans settle further west onto Native lands. • To avoid war, US signs treaties with the Indian Nations.
US settlers violate treaties! Why were treaties violated so easily?
Native Americans Respond • 2 Shawnee Leaders Tecumseh and the Prophet, attempt to unite all Native American tribes against the United States.
THE PROPHET TECUMSEH
The Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811 Native American tribes lost a very closebattle to the Americans
The battle was close because the British were secretlygiving the tribes guns & supplies! This really annoys the U.S.!
U.S is angry at Britain! WAR HAWKS: Southerners & Westernerswho wanted war with Britain. I’m a hawk & I want war!
Henry Clay: war hawk-wants war with Britain because: • Impressment of U.S. sailors • Supplying N.A. with guns • To gain land: Canada & Fl • show U.S. strength & gain respect
But the U.S. in not ready for War! • Jefferson had reduced size of government & the military • Had to use poorly trained volunteers who often deserted
THEWAR OF 1812 The war that no one remembers…
U.S. v. Great Britain • Battles take place in America & Canada • Britain blockades US port cities, preventing trade
Official Army & Navy uniforms during the War of 1812
The U.S.S. CONSTITUTION 1812 Nicknamed “Old Ironsides” because British cannonballs bounced off its thick wooden hull
HIGHLIGHTS 1812 - 1815 Battle of Lake Erie, 1813 U.S. sea victory forces British retreat!
“Rocket’s red glare” Inspired by this flag, Francis Scott Key wrote our national anthem during the Battle of Ft. McHenry, 1814
Hartford Convention Northerners protest war & threaten to secede (leave) the Union: • Hurt by the embargo • Feared the South & West will gain power if U.S. wins Canada & FL • War ends, protest meaningless
however…. • U.S. shows they can stand up to a large country. • Encouraged feelings of nationalismthroughout the United States “ The people are now more American. They feel and act more as a nation”
Battle of New Orleans, 1815 • Occurred after the war ends. • Andrew Jackson leads US to victory & becomes a hero. • America shows it’s strength!