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Rules to Know, Day 1 Continued. These are the basic rules that the English portion tests. Comma Rules: Appositives/Parenthetical Information. Rule: Use commas to surround appositives or parenthetical information.

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Rules to Know, Day 1 Continued


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rules to know day 1 continued

Rules to Know, Day 1 Continued

These are the basic rules that the English portion tests.

comma rules appositives parenthetical information
Comma Rules: Appositives/Parenthetical Information
  • Rule: Use commas to surround appositives or parenthetical information.
  • Hint: Does the information add extra detail to the sentence? Can it be removed and leave the sentence structure in tact?
question
Question
  • Ed who lives next door was planning a trip.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. Ed, who lives next door, was
    • C. Ed who lives next door, was
    • D. Ed who lives, next, door was
comma rules series listing
Comma Rules: Series/Listing
  • Rule: Use commas to separate items in a list or three or more.
question1
Question
  • He asked us to look after his dog his cat and his plants.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. look after his dog his cat, and his plants.
    • C. look after, his dog his cat and his plants.
    • D. look after his dog, his cat and his plants.
comma rules compound sentences
Comma Rules: Compound Sentences
  • Rule: Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) to separate two independent clauses.
question2
Question
  • Billy decided to join the track team and Martha decided to swim.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. team, and Martha
    • C. team, Martha
    • D. team; and Martha
comma rules complex sentences
Comma Rules: Complex Sentences
  • Rule: Use a comma after a dependent clause before the following independent clause.
  • Hint: If the sentence starts with an AWUBIS word, then you are dealing with a dependent clause.
question3
Question
  • Although she wanted to go on vacation she knew she had too much work to accomplish.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. Although, she wanted to go on vacation she knew
    • C. Although she wanted to go on vacation, she knew
    • D. Although she wanted to go on vacation she knew,
comma rules prepositional phrases
Comma Rules: Prepositional Phrases
  • Rule: Use a comma after a prepositional phrase that begins a sentence.
  • Hint: Look for the subject of the sentences.
question4
Question
  • In addition, we were to water his lawn twice a week.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. In addition we were to water
    • C. In addition we were to water,
    • D. In, addition we were to water
semi colon
Semi-Colon
  • Rule: Use a semi-colon to connect two independent clauses (a.k.a. complete sentences).
  • Hints: Two choices to create a compound sentence:
    • Comma + FANBOYS
    • Semi-colon!
question5
Question
  • Winnie-the-Pooh is my favorite children’s book, I like the personalities of the animals.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. children’s book I like the
    • C. children’s book; I like the
    • D. children’s book, because I like the
colon
Colon
  • Rule: Use a colon after an independent clause to introduce a list or a correlated idea.
  • Hints:
    • Look at all of the words before the colon to see if they can function as a sentence.
    • Make sure the part after the colon further explains the idea before the colon.
question6
Question
  • The book is full of great characters; Pooh, Piglet, Tigger, and Eeyore.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. great characters, Pooh, Piglet
    • C. great characters such as: Pooh, Piglet
    • D. great characters: Pooh, Piglet
parenthesis or dashes
Parenthesis or Dashes
  • Rule: Use parenthesis or dashes to enclose additional information within a sentence. Dashes exhibit a more forceful tone than parenthesis or commas.
  • Hints: The parenthesis, dashes or commas should match on both sides of the additional information, unless the additional info appears at the end of the sentence.
question7
Question
  • Many reports, most of them filed by hunters have recounted wolf tracks in the area.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. reports--most of them filed by hunters--
    • C. reports; most of them filed by hunters,
    • D. reports, having been filed by hunters,
apostrophes
Apostrophes
  • Rule #1: Use to replace missing letters in a contraction
  • Rule #2: Use to show possession:
    • Before the “s” when the word is singular (student’s desk)
    • After the “s” when the word is plural (students’ desks)
question8
Question
  • Babies first attempts at speech generate excited responses from adults.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. Baby’s
    • C. Babys
    • D. Babies’
quotation marks
Quotation Marks
  • Rule: Place punctuation marks inside quotation marks.
question9
Question
  • “I am thinking of going to the movies”, said her friend.
    • A. NO CHANGE
    • B. to the movies” said,
    • C. to the movies,” said
    • D. to the movies” said