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The Niger River Basin

The Niger River Basin

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The Niger River Basin

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  1. The Niger River Basin Cody McCann March 6, 2012

  2. Overview • Background Information • Issues within the Basin • Organization Development

  3. Background • Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Benin, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria • 4100 km • Basin Sections: Upper, Inland Delta, and Lower • Major tributaries: Bani, Sokoto-Rima, and Benue • Population: 150 million

  4. Mali Dams Sotuba Dam • Built in 1929 • 0.22 km^3 of water use Selingue Dam • Built in 1982 • Power Capacity: 44 MW • 200 Million kWh/yr Markala Dam • Built in 1947 • Power Capacity: 10 MW

  5. Nigeria Dams • Jebba Dam • Built in 1983 • Power Capacity: 540 MW • Water Capacity: 3600 mil m^3 • Kainji Dam • Built in 1964 • Power Capacity: 760 MW • Creates Lake Kainji

  6. Area and Rainfall by Country

  7. Basin History • Colonial Era • Conference of Berlin, 1885 • Franco-German Treaty, 1911 • Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1919 • Post-Colonial Era • Niger River Commission, 1964 • Niger Basin Authority, FONDAS 1980 • Political Instability

  8. Water Related Issues • Development and Increased Population • Irrigation Potential • Hydropower Potential • Transportation • Flood and Drought Mitigation • Livestock and Fisheries • Ecotourism

  9. Water Related Issues (con’t) • Environment • Land Degradation • Water Degradation • Deforestation • Biodiversity Loss • Climate Change

  10. Possible Solutions • Basin-Wide Sustainability • Beyond Unilateral Planning • Strong Political Leadership • NBA • World Bank

  11. Discussion • What do you think would be more effective for the Niger Basin Authority, to focus on fundraising and development projects, or work to establish a plan for development and management for the basin as a whole? • How much influence should developed countries in the region have over the development in developing countries in the basin? How could the international community help with the basin or this region? • Why do you think that the countries of the basin have been able to work well together? What lessons do you think we can learn from this basin’s cooperation?

  12. Works Cited (1) http://academic.evergreen.edu/g/grossmaz/oforiaa/ (2) http://www.thisfabtrek.com/journey/africa/mali/20080201-segou.php (3) http://www.uneca.org/awich/Reports/Transboundary_v2.pdf (4) http://www.fao.org/docrep/W4347E/w4347e0i.htm  (5) http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWAT/Resources/4602114-1206643460526/Niger_River_Basin_Vision_Sustainable_Management.pdf (6) http://www.slideshare.net/cpwfbfp/niger-basin-focal-project-2062282 (7) http://www.sie-isw.org/en/lobbying-tools/river-vision (8) http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/publications/201112NigerClimateChange_FINAL_0.pdf (9) http://www.festivalsegou.org/concept%202006%20english.pdf