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Status Report Fermilab Steering Group develop roadmap for accelerator-based HEP program at Fermilab Young-Kee Kim Fermilab and University of Chicago DOE/NSF HEPAP Meeting, July 13, 2007. Fermilab’s Scientific Program enables our community to address:.

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Status ReportFermilab Steering Groupdevelop roadmap for accelerator-based HEP program at FermilabYoung-Kee KimFermilab and University of ChicagoDOE/NSF HEPAP Meeting, July 13, 2007


Fermilab’s Scientific Programenables our community to address:

1. Are there undiscovered principles of nature:

New symmetries, new physical laws?

2. Are there extra dimensions of space?

3. Do all the forces become one?

4. Why are there so many kinds of particles?

5. What happened to the antimatter?

6. What is dark matter? How can we make it in the laboratory?

7. How can we solve the mystery of dark energy?

8. How did the universe come to be?

9. What are neutrinos telling us?

From “Quantum Universe”


“Discovering Quantum Universe”


Fermilab2006-2007: Extraordinary years for Physics!Much more expected in the near futurePlanning further aheadin accelerator-based HEP program:Fermilab’s highest priorities – LHC/LHC upgrades & ILC

ilc decision timelines
ILC Decision Timelines

LHC discoveries

US colliders


Great Opportunity

for ILC



International Agreements

Site selected

ILC Decision

2010 ILC Decision


EPP2010 & P5 Assumption

Possible ILC Decision Timelines

ILC RDR with Cost Estimate in Feb. 2007


Fermilab Director Pier Oddone formed Steering Group to develop roadmap for Fermilab’s accelerator-based HEP program.March 22, 2007

steering group charge
Steering Group Charge

In his remarks to HEPAP, Undersecretary Orbach requested a dialog with the HEP community:

"In making our plans for the future, it is important to be conservative and to learn from our experiences. Even assuming a positive decision to build an ILC, the schedules will almost certainly be lengthier than the optimistic projections. Completing the R&D and engineering design, negotiating an international structure, selecting a site, obtaining firm financial commitments, and building the machine could take us well into the mid-2020s, if not later. Within this context, I would like to re-engage HEPAP in discussion of the future of particle physics. If the ILC were not to turn on until the middle or end of the 2020s, what are the right investment choices to ensure the vitality and continuity of the field during the next two to three decades and to maximize the potential for major discovery during that period?"

steering group charge cont
Steering Group Charge (cont.)

With the encouragement of the Office of Science and the support of Professor Mel Shochet, the chair of HEPAP, Fermilab will develop a strategic roadmap for the evolution of the accelerator-based HEP program, focusing on facilities at Fermilab that will provide discovery opportunities in the next two to three decades. This roadmap should keep the construction of the ILC as a goal of paramount importance. To guide this proposal, the Fermilab Director has appointed a Steering Group consisting of members from Fermilab and the national particle and accelerator physics community to insure that the plan serves national needs. The Steering Group will also engage additional constituents in the analysis of the various physics opportunities.

steering group charge cont1
Steering Group Charge (cont.)
  • The Steering Group will build the roadmap based on the recommendations of the EPP2010 National Academy report and the recommendations of the P5 subpanel of HEPAP. The Steering Group should consider the Fermilab based facilities in the context of the global particle physics program. Specifically the group should develop a strategic roadmap that:
  • supports the international R&D and engineering design for as early a start of the ILC as possible and supports the development of Fermilab as a potential host site for the ILC;
  • develops options for an accelerator-based high energy physics program in the event the start of the ILC construction is slower than the technically-limited schedule; and
  • includes the steps necessary to explore higher energy colliders that might follow the ILC or be needed should the results from LHC point toward a higher energy than that planned for the ILC.
steering group charge cont2
Steering Group Charge (cont.)

I am asking Deputy Director Kim to chair the Steering Group.

Any recommendations that might be relevant to the FY09 budget should be transmitted as early as possible.

The Steering Group's final report should be finished and delivered to the Fermilab Director by August 1, 2007. This deadline would allow for presentations to the DOE and its advisory bodies before the structuring of the FY2010 budget.

steering group membership
Steering Group Membership

Fermilab and national particle and accelerator physics community

physics groups
Physics Groups

Neutrino Physics Flavor Physics

Quarks, Charged Leptons,

Physics with anti-protons, etc.


+ Oscillation+CPV

with multi MW proton sources

+ other measurements with n beam

  • Advice/Oversight (additional constituents)
    • Make sure that roadmaps being developed are consistent with EPP2010 and P5 recommendations – J. Bagger, S. Dawson, A. Seiden, M. Shochet (chair)
  • Neutrino Physics (additional constituents)
    • Develop roadmap for neutrino physics based on NuSAG studies
  • Flavor Physics: quarks, charged leptons, ... (additional constituents)
    • Develop 10-year plan with reconfiguring existing accelerator complex
  • Accelerator Facilities (based on technical and resources feasibilities)
    • Develop options of a roadmap that supports ILC R&D for early start, supports Fermilab as a potential host site, and provides an accelerator-based high energy physics program in case of delayed start – H. Edward, T. Himel, S. Holmes (chair), D. McGinnis, S. Nagaitsev, T. Raubenheimer, V. Shiltsev, M. Tigner, (YKK)
  • High Energy Colliders beyond the ILC
    • Develop steps necessary to explore higher energy colliders that might follow ILC or be needed should results from LHC point toward a higher energy than that planned for ILC – H. Edward, V. Shiltsev, M. Tigner (chair), (YKK)
steering group activities
Steering Group Activities
  • Steering group
    • Kick-off meeting on April 2
    • weekly telephone meeting, 2 face-to-face meetings at Fermilab
    • EPP2010 and P5 assumptions
    • ILC R&D needs, LHC Upgrades, ..
    • Intermediate Physics Opportunities
    • Conceivable Accelerator Facilities for Physics Opportunities
    • Web:
      • Agendas, presentations, minutes, documents, publicly accessible
  • For all activities, we include
    • ILC GDE leaders, HEP / ILC program managers in DOE and NSF
    • HEPAP Chair / Deputy Chair, P5 Chair
    • Chairs of Fermilab/SLAC Users Executive committees
    • Subgroup members
  • Subgroups - ~weekly telephone meetings: detailed analysis
steering group activities cont
Steering Group Activities (cont.)
  • Reach out to HEP community for input / ideas
    • Message sent out to DPF & DPB members
    • Meetings with FNAL staff
    • Meetings with HEP collaborations
    • Presentations at Users meetings at FNAL and SLAC
    • Presentations / Discussions at ANL, BNL, LBNL
    • Many meetings with individuals
    • Fermilab Today articles
    • Meeting with ILC GDE Executive Committee
    • ….
letters and proposals from the community
Letters and Proposals from the Community
  • 6 letters
  • 20 proposals
    • 16: one to a few pages
    • 3: EoI (Expression of Interest)
    • 1: LoI (Letter of Intent)
  • Available on web:
letters and proposals from the community1
Letters and Proposals from the Community
  • Letters from the Community
    • John Marriner (May 5, 2007)
    • Norman Gelfand (May 8, 2007)
    • Stanley Brodsky (May 31, 2007)
    • Steve Geer et al. (June 8, 2007)
    • Buck Field (June 12, 2007)
    • Maury Goodman (July 7, 2007)
  • One Page Proposals from the community
    • 6GeV ILC Test Linac - Giorgio Apollinari and Bob Webber (May 7, 2007)
    • LAr TPC in FNAL's Neutrino Beams - David Finley (May 29, 2007)
    • Precision Neutrino Scattering at Tevatron - Janet Conrad and Peter Fisher (May 29, 2007)
    • Very Large Cherenkov Detector - Milind Diwan et al (June 5, 2007)
    • From Tevatron to Muon Storage Ring - Terry Goldman (June 6, 2007)
    • Antimatter Gravity Experiment - Thomas Phillips (June 7, 2007)
    • Neutrino Oscillation with high energy/intensity beam - Henryk Piekarz (June 10, 2007)
    • Space-Time Ripples Study - Nikolai Andreev (June 11, 2007)
    • Fixed Targer Charm Expt - Jeff Appel and Alan Schwartz (June 11, 2007)
    • Stopped Pion Neutrino Source - Kate Scholberg (June 11, 2007)
    • UNO Experiment - Change Kee Jung (June 11, 2007)
    • n-nbar Transition Search at DUSEL - Yuri Kamyshkov (June 11, 2007)
    • 8GeV cw Superconducting Linac - Ankenbrandt et al. (June 12, 2007)
    • Neutrino Expt with 5kton LAr TPC - Fleming and Rameika (June 12, 2007)
    • MicroBooNE - Fleming and Willis (June 12, 2007)
    • delta_s - Rex Tayloe (June 14, 2007)
  • Expression of Interest (EOI)
    • mu to e conversion - William Molzon (May, 2007)
    • me to e conversion - E.J. Prebys, J.P. Miller et al (May, 2007)
    • Klong to pi0 nu nu - D. Bryman et al (June 11, 2007)
  • Letter of Intent (LOI)
    • Low- and Medium-Energy Anti-Proton Physics - D. Kaplan et al (June 1, 2007)
us hep physics priorities
US HEP Physics Priorities:
  • EPP2010 and P5 have addressed US HEP priorities.
  • Both stressed the importance of a diverse program
    • Priority doesn’t mean you only do items at the top of the list
  • Both EPP2010 and P5 assumed
    • a fast decision on ILC construction (2010)
    • a technically driven schedule for ILC construction
epp2010 priorities in order
EPP2010 Priorities (in order)
  • The energy frontier
    • LHC (including upgrades)
    • ILC: Emphasis on US bid to host
  • The particle/astro connection
    • Emphasis on dark matter/dark energy
  • Neutrinos
    • Focus was on a global program
  • Flavor physics
p5 recommendations
P5 Recommendations
  • 60% of new investments to ILC R&D
  • 40% to smaller initiatives
    • Attempt to quantify importance of diverse program
    • DES
    • CDMS, 25 kg
    • Daya Bay
    • NOvA
    • For the long term, LSST & SNAP development

Particle Astro


p5 recommendations fermilab
P5 Recommendations (Fermilab)
  • 60% of new investments to ILC R&D
  • 40% to smaller initiatives
    • Attempt to quantify importance of diverse program
    • DES
    • CDMS, 25 kg
    • Daya Bay
    • NOvA
    • For the long term, LSST & SNAP development

Particle Astro


steering group s emphasis
Steering Group’s Emphasis
  • Need for an intermediate physics-driven program
    • Will the physics be important when the experiment is done?
    • Better at Fermilab than at other labs (e.g. JPARC)?
    • Unique in its physics reach? - Will it answer questions not answered at the LHC?
  • Alignment with ILC:
    • Will this advance the ILC?
    • Development of an accelerator facility that helps ILC
    • Compatibility with the ILC Schedule
steering group physics opportunities
Steering Group: Physics Opportunities
  • Science
    • Neutrino Physics
    • Precision measurements involving charged leptons and quarks
  • Needed facilities
    • Proton Intensity Frontier: intense n, m, K, p beams
    • Beta Beam
    • Collider Luminosity Frontier: Super B, Giga Z, …
steering group physics opportunities1
Steering Group: Physics Opportunities
  • Neutrino: Oscillation, CPV, X-Section, EWK Precision
  • Muon: Lepton Number Violation
  • Kaon: CKM Matrix, Lepton Flavor Violation
  • Anti-proton: Hyperon CPV, Charm
  • B Physics
  • Electroweak Precision with Giga Z

Compositeness to 3000 TeV scale

Supersymmetric models predict Rμe~ 10-15 forweak scale SUSY

preliminary conclusions on science
Preliminary Conclusions on Science
  • “Proton Intensity Frontier” offers rich menu of neutrino, muon, and kaon physics in near - mid term
    • Physics driver is search for Beyond the Standard Model Physics
    • Window to high energy scales in some scenarios
    • Physics reach is complementary to energy frontier
  • “Beta Beam”
    • Longer term, No Synergy to ILC
  • “Luminosity Frontier”
    • Large scale, longer term
proton intensity frontier option reconfiguration of existing facilities
“Proton Intensity Frontier” Option:Reconfiguration of Existing Facilities


sNuMI (super NuMI) – ~1.3 MW at 120 GeV

Modification of Accumulator and Recycler

Debuncher as an 8 GeV Slow Spiller

Tevatron as a 120 GeV Slow Spill Stretcher Ring

Capable of producing protons with

120 GeV >1 MW

8 GeV slow & fast spill

120 GeV slow spill

Alignment with ILC

No synergy

But modest cost for construction

Operations - the current 30+ year old complex

proton intensity frontier option project x
“Proton Intensity Frontier” Option: Project X

Initially NOvA

Possibly DUSEL later

>2 MW at 120 GeV

200 kW at 8 GeV


3 linac pulses / fill

Main Injector

1.4 sec cycle

Stripping Foil

ILC Style 8 GeV H- Linac

9mA x 1 msec x 5 Hz

proton intensity frontier option project x1
“Proton Intensity Frontier” Option: Project X
  • 0  0.12 GeV:
    • Modest increase from current 60 MeV R&D program
    • Collaboration with other US lab.s
  • 0.12  2 GeV Linac:
    • Potential strong international collaboration (e.g. India)
  • 2  8 GeV ILC-like Linac: via strong ILC collaboration
    • Benefit to ILC under investigation
      • Linac: R&D and Engineering, US industry involvement followed by industrialization, large system tests
        • Same as ILC: 36 cryomodules, RF distribution, Cryogenic dist, Beam parameters
        • ILC RDR Regional Cryomodule Industrialization Profile
          • Year 1: 3 / year, 1 year Doubling time, Year 4: 25 / year
      • Further possibilities – injector to Tevatron ring for pre-assembling and testing ILC Damping Ring
proton intensity frontier option project x2
“Proton Intensity Frontier” Option: Project X
  • ILC Synergy
    • Intention: does not delay but helps timely realization of ILC
    • Medium size project
      • R&D, Engineering, Construction
        • required resources being analyzed
      • Operations: expect to be simpler than the current 30+ year old complex – being analyzed
  • Physics Opportunities and Connection to Future
    • Initially NOvA experiment
    • Possible addition – e.g. flavor experiment
    • Future possibility: optimized beam to DUSEL
      • .n oscillation / CP violation, Proton decay, ..
    • Stepping stone for longer-term programs
      • neutrino factory
      • higher energy colliders (e.g. muon collider, VLHC)
project x proton beam power
Project X: Proton Beam Power*

*Assumes all protons are injected into the Main Injector

roadmap example ilc fermilab s highest priority
Roadmap ExampleILC – Fermilab’s Highest Priority


ILC Decision and Construction (Industrialization) + Running


ILC Decision and Construction (Industrialization) + Running





sNuMI Running


ILC Decision and Construction

ILC Industrialization, Large system test



Project X Construction

Project X Running

In all scenarios: LHC Upgrade, Higher Energy Colliders R&D,

Particle Astrophysics (Dark Matter, Dark Energy)

to be done in august
To Be Done in August
  • Project X
    • Understand Benefit to the ILC
    • Estimate Resources needed
  • Finalize roadmaps
  • Write report emphasizing case for new physics
next steps
Next Steps

Steering Group (SG) Report

to Pier Oddone

SG Report


Public Report



































P5 Review

SG Report


SG Report

to P5

P5 Report


SG Report


FY10 Budget