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MADAGASCAR. Madagascar Map. Geography. South hemisphere Tropical zone Lat 11-25 - Long East 43-52 400 km off East Coast of Africa 587 041 sqm - coastline 4 828 km Capital Antananarivo 1 100 000 inhabitants Climate: Coastal Tropical - Inland Temperate - South Arid

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madagascar

MADAGASCAR

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

madagascar map
Madagascar Map

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

geography
Geography
  • South hemisphere Tropical zone
  • Lat 11-25 - Long East 43-52
  • 400 km off East Coast of Africa
  • 587 041 sqm - coastline 4 828 km
  • Capital Antananarivo 1 100 000 inhabitants
  • Climate: Coastal Tropical - Inland Temperate - South Arid
    • Hot and rainy from November to April
    • Cooler and dry from May to October

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

population
Population
  • 18 000 000
    • 45% below 15 years
    • 70% rural
    • 80% under poverty level
  • 6 Provinces
    • Antananarivo 25% 4,637,000
    • Fianarantsoa 3,366,000
    • Toamasina 2,593,000
    • Toliary 2,229,500
    • Mahanjanga 1,734,000
    • Antsiranana 1,188,500

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

population5
Population
  • Illiteracy 48%
  • Growth 3.03%
  • Aids Prevalence 1.2
  • Ethnic Malayo Indonesian - Cotiers - French - Indian - Creole
  • Languages French and Malagasy
  • Religions Indigenous 52% - Christian 41% - Muslim 7%
  • GDP / head 314 USD

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

history
History
  • Became a French colony in 1896
  • Independence in 1960 - Philibert Tsiranana became the 1st President
  • 1975 Didier Ratsiraka President of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar. Reelected in 1982 and 1989.
  • Political turmoil in 1991
  • Election of Albert Zafy in 1993
  • Reelection of Didier Ratsiraka in 1997
  • December 2001 presidential elections contested
  • 29 April 2002 the High Constitutional Court announced Marc Ravalomana winner
  • December 2006 Presidential Elections
  • March 2007 Senatorial Elections

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

member of comesa coi iorc and sadc
Member of COMESA, COI, IORC and SADC
  • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    • 20 countries
    • 380 millions population
    • GDP 166 Billions USD
  • Indian Ocean Commission
    • 5 Islands: Seychelles, Reunion, Comores, Mauritius, Madagascar
  • Indian Ocean Rim - Association for Regional Cooperation
    • 18 countries
    • Dialogue Partners China, Egypt, France, Japan and UK
  • Southern African Development Community
    • 14 countries
  • International member: WTO, Lome Convention, African Union

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

sources of growth
Sources of Growth
  • Textile
  • TourismEco-tourism - Biodiversity - Lemur species
  • Agro businessVanilla - Litchis - Essential Oils
  • MiningGraphite, Chromites, Coal, Bauxite, Quartz, Stones
  • Services
  • Privileges
    • AGOA African Growth and Opportunity Act with USA
    • EBA Everything But Arms with EU

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

economy
Economy
  • GDP total 16.3 Billion $
  • GDP real growth rate 6.5%
  • GDP per capita 900$
  • GDP per sector
    • Agriculture 28.7%
    • Industry 16.5%
    • Services 54.8%

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

tourism
TOURISM
  • Discovery, adventure, ecotourism…
  • Hotels 932
  • Rooms 10,847

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

direct foreign investments
Direct Foreign Investments

In capital, profit reinvested

2003 249 new Foreign investors

2004 300 new Foreign investors

France 47% Mauritius 23% China HK 9%

Luxemburg 9% Switzerland 4% Bermudas 3%

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

free zones enterprises
Free Zones Enterprises
  • 230 Free Zone Enterprises
  • Employing 120,000 staffs
  • Capital investment from
    • France 25%
    • Asia 30%
    • Mauritius 35%

Activities : Textile - Aquaculture - Wood - Agribusiness

Leather and shoes - Computing

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006

trade balance with madagascar
TRADE BALANCE WITH MADAGASCAR

Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok March 2006