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Imperialism in China. I. European trade increases. British take the lead China (Qing Dynasty) begins a period of declining power while west increases British open more ports for trade—silks, tea, spices, porcelain British in China want British justice

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i european trade increases
I. European trade increases
  • British take the lead
    • China (Qing Dynasty) begins a period of declining power while west increases
    • British open more ports for trade—silks, tea, spices, porcelain
    • British in China want British justice
    • Opium—British grow opium in India, trade it in China
      • Manchu emperor orders opium trade stopped
      • British and Chinese merchants ignore law
      • 1838—Lin Ze Xu burned crates of foreign opium, wrote letter to Queen Victoria; British respond
i european trade increases1
I. European trade increases
  • The First Opium War 1839-1842
    • British sent warships and Chinese are easily defeated
    • Treaty of Nanking
      • British get trading rights, new ports, payments, Hong Kong, and extraterritoriality
  • The Second Opium War 1856-1860
    • Legal to import opium to China
    • Wars left legacy of bitterness and mistrust between East and West
ii resistance to change
II. Resistance to change
  • Reform Movements—Taiping Rebellion
    • Sparked by poverty and government corruption
    • Wanted to end the Qing dynasty
    • Hong Xiuquan—believed he was related to Jesus
    • Attacked Chinese government; wanted to create “Taiping”, or Great Peace
    • Crushed after 14 years (1850-1864)
    • Started a debate over change in China
    • “Self strengthening movement”
  • Empress Ci Xi
    • Ruled from 1862-1908
    • Usually resisted change and held to Confucian ideals
    • Later began to accept reforms
iii mistreatment of china
III. Mistreatment of China
  • Sino-Japanese War—1895
    • Japan defeats China, gains Taiwan
    • Western nations plan to divide China
      • Leases on ports—Russia, Germany, Britain, France
      • Spheres of Influence
      • United States calls for Open Door Policy
    • 100 Days of Reform
iv the boxer rebellion
IV. The Boxer Rebellion
  • Boxers
    • aka Righteous Harmonious Fists
    • Called Boxers by Westerners who see them train
    • Supported Empress Ci Xi and resisted change
    • Resisted western influence
    • Wanted to rid China of westerners
    • Attacked and murdered westerners in China
    • Lasted from 1899-1903
iv the boxer rebellion1
IV. The Boxer Rebellion
  • Punishment by the West
    • British, French, German and American troops put down the rebellion
    • Boxers defeated, China pays for damages
    • Nationalism grew
  • Reforms
    • China begins to modernize with foreign money
    • Women in schools
    • Industry—shipping, mining,
v sun yixian sun yat sen
V. Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen)
  • Yixian wanted to end the dynasty, establish a republic, and ensure economic security
  • Western educated
  • Established the Revolutionary Alliance
  • Three principles of the people
    • Nationalism—freedom from West
    • Democracy
    • Livelihood
  • After Ci Xi dies, chaos ensues
  • Yixian is named President in 1911