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Depression (major depressive disorder) is A common and serious medical illness. That negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and / or A loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. According to the world health organization (who), depression is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability.

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depression

DEPRESSION

BY MUST4CARE

depression major depressive disorder is a common

Depression (major depressive disorder) is A common and serious

medical illness

That negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you

act.

Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness

and / or A loss of interest in activities once enjoyed.

It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can

decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.

According to the world health organization (who), depression is the

most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability.

genetics genetics

• Genetics

Genetics

• Biological

Biological

• Changes in neurotransmitter levels

• Environmental

Environmental

• Psychological And Social

Psychological And Social

• (Psychosocial)

• Life Events

Life Events

• These include bereavement, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems

medical concerns, or acute stress.

personality personality

• Personality

Personality

• Those with less successful coping strategies, or previous life trauma are more suceptible.

• Genetic Factors

Genetic Factors

• Having A first-degree relatives with depression increases the risk.

• Childhood Trauma

Childhood Trauma

• Some Prescription Drugs

Some Prescription Drugs

• These include corticosteroids, some beta-blockers, interferon, and other prescription drugs.

• Abuse Of Recreational Drugs

Abuse Of Recreational Drugs

• Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.

• A Past Head Injury.

A Past Head Injury.

unipolar unipolar

Unipolar

Unipolar

If the predominant feature is A depressed mood, it is called unipolar depression.

Bipolar Depression

Bipolar Depression

This characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood, it is referred to

as bipolar disorder

Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features

Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features

This condition is characterized by depression accompanied by psychosis.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum Depression

Women often experience "baby blues" with A newborn, but postpartum depression - also known as postnatal

depression - is more severe.

Major Depressive Disorder With Seasonal Pattern

Major Depressive Disorder With Seasonal Pattern

This condition is related to the reduced daylight of winter

depressed mood

Depressed Mood

Reduced Interest Or Pleasure In Activities Previously Enjoyed, Loss Of Sexual Desire

Unintentional Weight Loss (Without Dieting) Or Low Appetite

Insomnia (Difficulty Sleeping) Or Hypersomnia (Excessive Sleeping)

Psychomotor Agitation, For Example, Restlessness, Pacing Up And Down

Delayed Psychomotor Skills, For Example, Slowed Movement And Speech

Fatigue Or Loss Of Energy

Feelings Of Worthlessness Or Guilt

Impaired Ability To Think, Concentrate, Or Make Decisions

Recurrent Thoughts Of Death Or Suicide, Or Attempt At Suicide

medications medications

 Medications

Medications

 Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (ssris)

 Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

(snris).

 Atypical antidepressants

 Tricyclic antidepressants.

 Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (maois).

 Other medications.

psychotherapy psychotherapy

• Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy

 Adjust to A crisis or other current difficulty

 Identify negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive

ones

 Explore relationships and experiences, and develop positive interactions with

others

 Find better ways to cope and solve problems

 Identify issues that contribute to your depression and change behaviors that make

it worse

 Regain A sense of satisfaction and control in your life and help ease depression

symptoms, such as hopelessness and anger

 Learn to set realistic goals for your life

 Develop the ability to tolerate and accept distress using healthier behaviors

alternate formats for therapy

• Alternate Formats For Therapy

• Hospital And Residential Treatment

• Other Treatment Options

• Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT).

• In ECT, electrical currents are passed through the brain to impact the

function and effect of neurotransmitters in your brain to relieve depression.

• Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Tms).

• TMS may be an option for those who haven't responded to

antidepressants.