Bipolar Disorder (maniac depressive disorder) By, Andersen Harrill, Rosy Rios, Amber Smith, and Carlos Marmolejo
Famous People with Bipolar disorder • Edgar Poe, Beethoven, Napoleon, Mozart, Newton, Virginia Woolf • Woolf’s last letter to her lover.
What is Bipolar disorder? • Episodes of elevated or agitated mood – Mania • Society problems with social stigma, stereotypes and prejudice. • Extreme mood swings, ranging between acute euphoria mania and severe depression • Ages 15-25
Causes • Childbirth • Antidepressants or steroids • Insomnia • Recreational drug use
Etiology • Predominantly a biological disorder • Ventral prefrontal regions and lymbic regions especially the amygdala • May be dormant or activated naturally or triggered by stress in life. • Tends to run in families. 15-25% chance if one parent has it. • Environmental Factors • 4% of people in the world
Diagnosis • American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM-IV. • Family history • Self reported incidence and medical practitioner analysis on abnormalities in behavior.
Burden of bipolar disorder around the world: disability-adjusted life years per 100,000 inhabitants in 2002. Cultural Factors • Rates similar in Men and Women broadly across different cultural and ethnic groups. • World Health Organization(2000)
Gender Variations • Later in women than men • Women tend to go more through seasonal mood changes • Women experience depressive episodes, mixed mania, and rapid cycling more often than men • No evidence that gender affects response to treatment stabilizers
Treatment Approaches • Psychotherapy (CBT, Family focused therapy, and psychoeducation) • Behavioral Therapy- decrease stress • Cognitive therapy- identify and modify patterns of thinking that accompany mood shifts. • Interpersonal therapy- relationships and strains • Social Rhythm therapy- patterns • Medication- Lithium • Therapy and mood stabilizing medication
Etiology and Therapeutic • Causes mainly unknown • Reducing symptoms with mood stabilizing medications (lithium) and support through therapy to cope with the disorder.
Biological Factors Inheritance and disruption in the ventral and lymbic system mainly the amygdala. Stress (Sociocultural factors) a stress stimulant usually takes place to activate the first signs of bipolar disorder. This causes the patient to act out showing symptoms. Psychiatric outcome: Bipolar Disorder Constitutional (cognitive vulnerability Cognitive Irrational and illogigical thinking. Negative thinking patterns and cognitive disortation. Genetic Biological If one parent has the disorder then there is a 15-25% chance that any of the offspring will gain that disorder.