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FOSTER Open Science: Open access to research publications, why and how Dr Birgit Schmidt Goettingen State and University Librarybschmidt@sub.uni-goettingen.de 14 October 2014, NACLIM Annual Meeting, Berlin Image by: opensource.com
Topics • About FOSTER • Whyandhowtorealize Open Access (OA) • Journal quality & open peerreview • Wheredoes NACLIM stand (in termsof OA)? • Supporting OA mandates– OpenAIRE
Aboutaslfja • FP7-funded project (2014-2016) • Bringingfurthertheideaof Open Science • Targeting all relevant stakeholders, in particularyoung • Co-fundingofevents • Buildingup an e-learningplatform • http://www.fosteropenscience.eu/project/
Why Open Access? The oldproblem: Nosinglelibrarycanaffordtosubscribeto all relevant journals. Benefitsyou, theresearchcommunityandthesociety...
Benefitsof Open Access Source: http://openhealthdata.metajnl.com/about
Realising Open Access • OA Publishing („Golden Road“) • Free accesstothefinal publication (versionofrecord) • licenseforfurther(re)useanddissemination(e.g. Creative Commons) • Published in peer-reviewedjournal, but also monographs& proceedings • Financingconcentrates on productionandservices • Article Processing Charges (APCs)* • Other incomestreams, e.g. community-basedpublishing • Self-archiving („Green Road“) • Free accessforpre- and/orpostprints(orpublisher‘sversion) • Via thematicorinstitutionalrepositories • In generalinitiatedbyauthorsorinstitutions • Repository infrastructureisfinancedbyresearchinstitutionsand/orfunders * Costsfor Gold OA: for established pure open access journals c. 1,020 EUR and for hybrid journals c. 1,980 EUR on average http://www.fwf.ac.at/de/public_relations/oai/pdf/Dev_Effective_Market_OA_Article_Processing_Charges.pdf
Publish in an open access journal Pay Article Processing Charge (APC) - if required Immediate open access (via publisher) Researcher decides where to publish GOLD OA ROUTE GREEN OA ROUTE Check SHERPA RoMEO to see what OA and self-archiving options are available www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo Self-archive in a repository, based on publisher policy. Immediate or delayed open access, depending on publisher’s policy. Search for a repository http://service.re3data.org/searchor http://opendoar.org/ Publish in a subscription-based journal AdaptedfromSarah Jones, see also: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/blog/fostering-open-science IF OPTION EXISTS e.g. a ‘hybrid’ journal (a subscription-based journal that has a paid open access option) Pay Article Processing Charge (APC) Immediate open access (via publisher)
Whatmakes a good OA publisher? • High qualitystandards • Processesandproduction • Editorial checksand (open) peerreview • Enablingofcitation/linking • Research integrity (plagiarism check, open licenses, archivingofpublications, datadeposit, etc.) • Recommendationofdatarepositories (e.g. PANGAEA) • Deposition services (e.g. PubMed, otherrepositories) • Transparencyofcosts • White lists(OASPA members, DOAJ) vs. Black list (Beall‘slistofpredatoryjournals)
Wishlist: Transparencyofcosts Source: http://www.ubiquitypress.com/site/publish/
Open Peer Review • Inventedbypublishers, nowofferedbyquite a few (e.g. Copernicus, F1000, PeerJ, eLife) andseveralplatforms (e.g. Publons, Peerage of Science, LIBRE, ScienceOpen) • Why? E.g. Authorscanseewhoreviewedtheirwork (andrespond), moreconstructivereviews, gettingcreditas a reviewer • Services • Pre- and post-publicationpeerreview • Reviewersdecide on howmuchinformationtheydisclose • Collaborationwithjournals • Badgesforreviewerengagement • Integration withauthor IDs (ORCID etc.) andnetworks
Wheredoes NACLIM stand? • FP7-funded, withSpecial Clause 39 in Grant Agreement, i.e. • Best effort to achieve open access to publications • Choice between the two routes: GREEN and GOLD Open Access • Deposit in repository is obligatory (through author or publisher) • Maximum embargo of 6 months (science, technology, medicine) and 12 months (humanities and social sciences)
Whatdoesthe EC see so far? List ofpublicationsasdiscoveredbyOpenAIRE
More on theprojectwebsite but… Post-print sits in thewebsite‘s CMS, ie non-permanent link, can‘tbecitednormetadatabeharvested Check whichversionofthearticlecanbedeposited in repositories
Practicalsteps • A listoftargetedjournals • OA options (costs, licenses) • deposit in repositories (articleversion, embargo, type ofrepository, publisherdeposit?) • A listofrepositoriesforpublicationsanddata • Institutional, disciplinary, generic • A wishlist (rule out criteria?) andauthoraddendum • Responsibilities:whochecks, uploads, etc.
Targetedjournals (tbc) • Ocean Science and Open Science Discussions, Copernicus – OA journal, CC licensed, moderate APC • PLoS ONE – OA journal, CC licensed • Física de la Tierra – Open Access but no clear license information >> need to check with publisher • Geophysical Research Letters – postprint on author/departmentwebsite, publisher’s PDF must be used in instutional repository 6m after publication • Journal ofClimate, American Meterological Society – hybrid OA $800, publisher’s PDF must be used in instutional repository 6m after publication • Journal ofGeophysical Research: Oceans, American Geophysical Union, Wiley – publisher’s PDF must be used in instutional repository 6m after publication • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres: deposit of postprint in repositories, publisher’s PDF must be used in institutional repository 6m after publication • Global Change Biology, Blackwell – hybrid OA $3,000, deposit of postprint in institutional repository (12m embargo) • Climate Dynamics, Springer – hybrid OA 2,200 EUR, postprint can be deposited (12m embargo) • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meterological Society, Wiley – hybrid OA $3,000, deposit of postprints in repositories, use of publisher’s version after 36m embargo • Progress in Oceanography, Elsevier – hybrid OA $3,300, immediate “voluntary” deposit in repositories (deposit due to funder mandates >> Elsevier requests a special agreement with the funder, in consequence long embargo periods apply, typically 12-48m, or the author pays the hybrid OA fee) Via SHERPA/RoMEOhttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/search.php (searchforjournalnameor ISSN) OA Journals EC mandatecompatiblejournals Non-compatiblejournals – at least ifyoudon‘tusethe hybrid OA option
Whatelseyoucan do • Publishing dataandmakingit open(whereneededwithembargo), datapapers, codeusedtoprocessandvisualizethedata >> reproducibleresearch • Reusingdataandcitingit>> datacitationprinciplesgivingcreditandattribution, uniqueidentificationandpersistence, readablebymachines, etc.https://www.force11.org/datacitation • Highlightingtheseoutputs in yourCVandtowardsresearchfunders
Back to OA Mandates: OpenAIREas a supportinfrastructureandnetwork
Added Value: Integrated Scientific Information System 8.6 m publications 8.4 m open access 460+ data providers 86K publications linked to projects (EC, Wellcome Trust) 700 datasets linked to publications 33K organizations Datasets Authors Publications Data Providers Projects Organizations
What‘snext? • OpenAIRE2020 in preparation (2015-2018) • SupportingtheEC‘s OA mandateandtheOpen Data Pilot • Towardssustainability • Enhanced services, LOD, gold OA pilot, ... https://rd-alliance.org/plenary-meetings/fourth-plenary/plenary-cartoons.html
H2020 areas participating in the pilot • Future and Emerging Technologies • Research infrastructures – part e-Infrastructures • Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies – Information and Communication Technologies • Societal Challenge: 'Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy' – part Smart cities and communities • Societal Challenge: 'Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw materials' – except raw materials • Societal Challenge: 'Europe in a changing world – inclusive, innovative and reflective Societies' • Science with and for Society Projects in other areas can participate on a voluntary basis
Open Data Pilot Data Management Plan (DMP) ismandatory • but not partoftheproposalevaluation • All proposalstosubmitgeneralinfo on datamanagement>> evaluatedunderthecriterion ‚impact’ • Tobegeneratedwithinthefirst 6 monthsoftheproject, as a livingdocument • DMP questions: whatdata, whatstandards, whatdata will beexploited, whatdata will beshared / made open, curationandpreservation Opting out (commercialexploitation, protectionof personal data, securityissues, etc.) oropting in • So far (of 3000+ proposals): 24% optout, 27% opt in
Howtomaximize OA? • A combinationof GREEN and GOLD • Somefundersputalotofmoneyon top for GOLD OA (RCUK,...) >> needsmonitoringandcostcontrol • Somepublishershaveextendedtheirembargoperiods>> withtheintentiontochanneldemandtowards GOLD OA • Severalhaveintroducednew OA options(often hybrid, varyingpricesfor CC licenses) • Howabout a radicalstep: Cancelsubscriptionson a massive scaletoforcepublisherstoreconsidertheirbusinessmodel (ie a fliptofull OA)? • Yoursuggestions?