Cell Chart Review . “little organs” each one performs a specialized function that enables the cells to survive. found only inside eukaryotic cells. Embryonic Stem Cells . Eukaryotic cells, found in animals.
each one performs a specialized function that enables the cells to survive.
found only inside eukaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells, found in animals.
In early development these cells have the potential to become any cell in the body.
Currently stem cells can be harvested from embryos, cord blood, and now some adult cells can be induced to turn back the clock and become stem cells.
Stem cell research may hold the answer to many questions about human health and disease.
It can be controversial due to the harvesting of cells from human embryos.
Located inside the nucleus
Nucleus: houses the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA; controls reproduction and metabolism “brain”
DNA: Gentic material
NM:surrounds nucleus, contains pores
Can be Rough or Smooth
Rough E.R.:contains ribosomes; a system of tubes and sacs that transport these proteins “highway”
builds lipid molecules
also detoxifies the cell of poisons or toxins, including drugs or medicine.
Golgi Apparatus: modifies, stores, and packages proteins and other chemical products to their next destinations
processing and shipping center “UPS”
Products are “shipped” in vesicles
“shipping containers” - move products (proteins, water, waste) into, out of, and within a cell
help destroy harmful bacteria “suicide sacs”
Recycle damaged organelles
- capture sunlight and transforms it into carbohydrates (glucose)
- contains green pigment - chlorophyll
“Powerhouse” – make energy
Cellular respiration occurs here to release energy for the cell to use
maintains cell shape and protects the cell