cell chart review n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Cell Chart Review PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Cell Chart Review

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Cell Chart Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Cell Chart Review . “little organs” each one performs a specialized function that enables the cells to survive. found only inside eukaryotic cells. Embryonic Stem Cells . Eukaryotic cells, found in animals.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Cell Chart Review' - holleb

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
cell chart review

Cell Chart Review

“little organs”

each one performs a specialized function that enables the cells to survive.

found only inside eukaryotic cells

embryonic stem cells
Embryonic Stem Cells

Eukaryotic cells, found in animals.

In early development these cells have the potential to become any cell in the body.

Currently stem cells can be harvested from embryos, cord blood, and now some adult cells can be induced to turn back the clock and become stem cells.

Stem cell research may hold the answer to many questions about human health and disease.

It can be controversial due to the harvesting of cells from human embryos.

cell membrane
Cell Membrane
  • Regulates what goes in and out of the cell “doorman”
  • Selectively permeable
cell wall
Cell Wall
  • protects the PLANT cell and maintains its shape
  • located outside of the cell membrane
  • made of cellulose in plants
  • NOTE: prokaryotes and fungi have a cell wall too!

suspends organelles



Makes ribosomes

Located inside the nucleus

nucleus dna nuclear membrane nm
Nucleus, DNA, Nuclear Membrane (NM)

Nucleus: houses the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA; controls reproduction and metabolism “brain”

DNA: Gentic material

NM:surrounds nucleus, contains pores


Make proteins

endoplasmic reticulum e r
Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.)

Can be Rough or Smooth

Rough E.R.:contains ribosomes; a system of tubes and sacs that transport these proteins “highway”

smooth e r
Smooth E.R.

No ribosomes

builds lipid molecules

also detoxifies the cell of poisons or toxins, including drugs or medicine.

golgi apparatus and vesicles
Golgi Apparatus and Vesicles

Golgi Apparatus: modifies, stores, and packages proteins and other chemical products to their next destinations

processing and shipping center “UPS”

Products are “shipped” in vesicles

vesicles bottom of cell chart
Vesicles (bottom of cell chart)

“shipping containers” - move products (proteins, water, waste) into, out of, and within a cell

  • Central Vacuole in Plants - stores water and salts, causes cells to expand
  • Animals - stores undigested nutrients
paramecium contractile vacuole
Paramecium – Contractile Vacuole
  • pump out excess water that diffuses into the cell
Contain digestive enzymes that break down wastes or expose food “garbage disposal”

help destroy harmful bacteria “suicide sacs”

Recycle damaged organelles

“recycling center”


- capture sunlight and transforms it into carbohydrates (glucose)

- photosynthesis

- contains green pigment - chlorophyll


“Powerhouse” – make energy

Cellular respiration occurs here to release energy for the cell to use


maintains cell shape and protects the cell

cilia and flagella
Cilia and Flagella
  • Cilia: short hair-like extensions
  • Flagella:long tail-like extenstions
  • Both aid in movement
  • Animal cells only
  • Paired structures
  • Move chromosomes during cell division