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The Future of Innovation in Tropical Agriculture: Opportunities and Responsibility for the Brazilian Agricultural Innovation Sector Labex-Korea Experience and Foresight Gilberto Silber Schmidt Labex-Korea Coordinator
WHY KOREA? • Economic and social progress achieved in the last 60 years; • Technological innovation, public-private interaction and industrial competitiveness; • World leader in the development of green economy; • Infrastructure and technological innovation model; • Great interesting in international partnerships, specially Brazil; • Development of agriculture based on smallholders - Technology applied direct to Brazilian conditions;
Why Korea • Economic and social progress achieved in the last 60 years; • Technological innovation, public-private interaction and industrial competitiveness; • World leader in the development of green economy; • Infrastructure and technological innovation model; • Great interesting in international partnerships, specially Brazil; • Development of agriculture based on smallholders - Technology applied direct to Brazilian conditions;
Rice Farming Some time ago ….. And Now ….. Technology Innovation
Just comparing …….. Brazil Korea Small Farms Agribusiness
Smallholders Brazil needs Korea has
High Technology – “Green Growth” “Organic Farming” “Bio refinery Research” “Tropical Subtropical crops” “Coal to Gas” “Solar Thermal” “Nuclear Power” “Green Culture Movements” “Hydrogen Energy Research” “Biomass and 2G bio-energy” “Fuel Cell Research” “Safer Agrochemicals” “Photovoltaic Research” “Climate Change Adaptation” “Chemical Biotechnology” “Natural Resource Management” “Geothermal Research” “Stress Adaptation” “Hydropower” “Biomaterials Research” “Electric Vehicles” “Wind Energy Research”
Evolution of Agriculture in Brazil Trends in Agricultural Research
Green Revolution in the 70`s • Development of high-yielding rice variety; • The variety-based cultivation technologies were rapidly transferred to the farms; • Rice-self-sufficiency.
White Revolution in the 80`s • Development of year-round production system for fresh vegetables • (plastic utilization) – White Revolution • Improved nutrition and development of a variety of food
High quality, low input, eco-friendly in the 80`s • Reduction in labor requirement through mechanization; • Improved cropping technologies; • Improvement of eating quality and functionality.
High quality, low input, eco-friendly in the 80`s • Increased demand for high value-added and functional products; • Development of eco-friendly agricultural technologies • Production of bio-materials, transegnic crop and animals; • Operation of Bio-Green 21 project.
Evolution of Agriculture in Brazil Strategy of PD and TT
R&D Strategy – National Agenda Programs Agenda Sys. On-Farm Technology Food security Hot &Herb. Production Animal Production Regional agri. Promotion Forage crop production Eco-friendly farming Energy-saving Future High-Technology Agro-Food Technology Biotechnology Bio-resources Insect Industry Automated system Climate Change Food Safety Food functionality Korean Traditional foods 922 Studies Agenda Sys. 3 Fields and 15 Agenda 36 Programs 90 Projects 922 Studies
R&D Strategy – RDA Agenda Quality and value enhancement of horticulture and herbal crop Quality and productivity enhancement of livestock Core technology development strategies Stable supply of food and value enhancement Basic Science in Agricultural Technology • Environmental & conservation for sustainable agriculture; • Commercialization of agro-biological resources; • Safety management of agricultural products; • Production automation, energy saving, and farming safety; • Plant biotechnology; • Agro-food development and added-value enhancement • Collection/preservation/ utilization of genetic resources. • Stable production rice; • Increase self-sufficiency of upland crop; • Food functionality and added-value enhancement; • Farmland use efficiency environment-friendly crop production. • Development of horticultural varieties and productivity increase; • Stable production of ginseng and added-value enhancement; • Production environment and commercialization of horticultural and herbal crops. • Collection and improvement of animal genetic resources; • Enhancement of livestock productivity; • Environment-friendly production of safe livestock products. • Collaborative research on bioengineering commercialization; • Collaborative research on climate change adaptation technology.
Agricultural Technology Transfer System 【 Improved 】 【 Past】 Nation&Local Gov. Policy choice Local Extension Organizations One-way Technology Transfer One-stop service &Building Governance Farmers (Farmhouse) Research & Development (Crops, Horticulture, Livestock, NT· BT·IT·ET ) Research Research 연구 Policy Technology Transfer (Demonstrative project on site) Extension (Extension Bureau) Extension (Extension Bureau) Local Extension Organizations Farmers (Farmhouse) Region-specific Crop Experiment Station (Cluster of academy, Research, Industry) Administration& Agricultural Cooperative & Customers Administration & Agricultural Cooperative Region-specific Crop Experiment Station
Technology Transfer & Service System RDA + Regional Institutes Research Extension Farm Fused System Feed Back 17,000 farmhouses participated in 2009 Rapid Technology dissemination & Promotion for “Small but Strong Development of farm-derived research themes Technology extension to farmhouses
Linkage among different Agricultural Sectors Farmers Exchange with opinion leaders Nonghyup Central government • Through regular program & • Committee for 15 agenda programas Local government Cooperation with Central and Local Government and agencies Private sector Local Agriculttal agency • Personnel exchange • Council between Institutes and MIFAFF R&D Institute Academia Cooperation with private sectors & academia National Assembly • Universities and Private Research Institutions • Industries Media
Evolution of Agriculture in Brazil International Technology Cooperation
International technology cooperation International Technology Cooperation Center – ITCC (Overseas Labs - 11) Korea Project on International Agriculture – KOPIA (10 Centers /19 countries) 57 Countries Regional Cooperation Initiatives: Asian Food & Agriculture Cooperation Initiative – ACAFI (12), Korea-Africa Food & Agriculture Cooperation Initiative – KAFACI (17)
Status of international collaboration more than 25 countries, 10 Int’l Research Institutes Russia ICARDA Norway Uzbekistan Hungary Canada Mongolia China Germany UK France USA Japan BI Netherland AVRDC CIMMYT Algeria FFTC IRRI Israel Brazil Ghana Philippines CIP • Nepal Vietnam IITA Myanmar ICRISAT Chile ILRI Argentina Thailand Indonesia Brunei
Greenland • Finland • Russia • Kazakhstan • China • Algeria • Libya • Mexico • India • Niger • Mali • Indonesia • Brazil • Fiji • Australia • Falkland Islands Dispatch of Seconded Scientists WUR (’09) CAAS (’01) NARO (’10) USDA/ARS (’04) AVRDC(’92) EMBRAPA (’09) ILRI (’05) CIP (’02) BI/APO (’99) IRRI (’79) CIMMYT (’96)
Evolution of Agriculture in Brazil Demands and Opportunities
Direction of Green Technology Development Stable food supply Medical Materials Industry Artificial bone, antibiotics, vaccines, etc Energy Industry Bio-energy, renewable energy By-products Traditional food production agriculture Environmental Industry Living horticulture, natural healing Food Industry Traditional food, functional foods, beverage, etc Maintenance of agricultural foundation Carbon Credits Maximizing Carbon uptake Green Landscape Green Village, Green tourism
Economic prosperity as a way to improve the environment Economy (Growth) Environment (Green) Environment as a new opportunity of economic prosperity Pathways to Sustainable Agriculture “Green” & Growth not as substitutes but as complements in development
Recent Major Achievements of RDA Technology to Cope With Environmental Change • Mitigation of the impact by climate change • - Developed scenarios of changing cultivation location • - Forecast technology on sudden outbreak of crop disease • Development of new varieties adapted to climate change • - Rice, Apple • Development of varieties of subtropical crops • - Fruits (Mango, Dragon Fruit), Vegetables (Artichoke and Okra
Recent Major Achievements of RDA Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Agriculture • Resources recycling with low-cost and high-efficiency • - Producing bio-gas and liquid fertilizer from livestock manure (Distribution of SCB (Slurry Composting & Biofiltration) facility • Energy saving technique and Bioenergy development • - Geothermal heat pump system • - LED technology for farming • - Cultivation of rapes rich in oleic acid for biodiesel production • Substitutes of Agricultural Chemicals • - Increase green manure crop cultivation: Hairy vetch • - Disease prevention techniques using natural enemies, microorganism and natural materials • - Established “Soil Information System”
Recent Major Achievements of RDA Improvement of Quality and Market Competitiveness • Improve competitiveness and developed market • - Technology to produce high-quality beef • - Quality improvement of horticulture products • - Disease prevention of livestock and crop • - Insect control and weed management • Promotion of cultivation, dissemination & export od Korean Varieties • - Strawberry, chrysanthemum, orchid, rose and kiwi
Recent Major Achievements of RDA New Growth Engine and Future Agricultural Technology • Develop new bio-materials through biotechnology • - Artificial eardrum and bone using silk protein • - Natural antibiotics made from been venom • Bio-medication/organs by transgenic animals • - Bio-medication from swine milk • - Chickens to produce eggs containing medicinal protein
Recent Major Achievements of RDA New Growth Engine and Future Agricultural Technology • Functional products for preventing adult disease • - Rice rich in dietary fiber, essential amino acids, etc. • - “Read Yeast Rice” with low cholesterol • Color potato & Sweet Potato • - Anti-aging and skin brightening effect • Non-hardening rice cake • Fully automated animal and plant factory • - Graffiting robot, vegetable planting machine, weeding robot, etc.
Evolution of Agriculture in Brazil Ongoing projects
Ongoing Projects - RDA Swine breeding and genetics to improve meat quality and weight daly gain on terminal sire line Exchange of Genetic Resources and work together on Crossroads, Genetics, Taxonomy and Improving Mushroom cultivation. Exchange of Genetic Resources and Working in Germplasm Evaluation, Selection and Development of New Shares Improvement in Strawberry
Ongoing Projects - RDA Platform for First and Second Generation Biofuel Production from Sweet Sorghum Feedstock Exchange and Regeneration of Plant Genetic Resources and Criopreservation
New opportunities and demands (KRIBB) Foto • Applied Biotechnology for Food and Feed Additives • Biofuels and by-products from animal waste • Development of cosmetics and "Life Cares" from biodiversity, " • Second generation of biofuels production
New projects (RDA) Biotechnology on Animal Production • Genome Analyses and Genomic Selection for the Production Traits in Cattle • Development of technique for utilization of microbes to improve productivity of the chicken Foto Protection Production System and Automation Structure optimization and energy-saving climate control techniques for greenhouse vegetable production Foto Technology Transfer for Smallholder Mechanization and automation Rice Genetic Resource exchange and processing
New opportunities and demands (KDI) • Promoting Agricultural Innovation for Nurturing Smallholder Farmers • Promoting Protected Horticulture through dissemination Greenhouse Farming and Automation; • Enhancing Environmental-Friendly Farming and high Agricultural Product; • Promoting smallholder development on management of cooperative or associative, on risk management and empowerment of regional actors to rise funds in innovative way; • Policy recommendation to facilitate exchange of agriculture and animal production goods between the two countries, particularly in regard to expedite government approval procedures from both sides (Market accessibility) • Developing Stallholders market in Brazil with focus on Strengthening Post-Harvest Technology; • Developing Smallholders production system in Brazil with focus on mechanization and automation for save-labor and reducing food waste.
New opportunities and demands (RDA) • Medicinal and Aromatics Plants and Phytochemistry • Renewable Energy and By-Products Produced from Biomass • Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emission in the Livestock Industries • Advanced Methodologies for Laboratory Analysis • Isolating bioactive compounds from Plant Sources • Development of Agricultural Biodiversity to cope with Climate Change • Post Harvest technology to reduce losses and adding value to final products • Use of nanotechnology on agriculture
The future is not to be given, but to be created.