Utensils & Books of the Church & Priestly Vestments We will only speak about utensils this week
Sacred vessels Just like Moses in the Old Testament when God asked him to anoint utensils (Ex 30:29), the Church of the New Testament offers special vessels to be used in God’s house. These include: 1. the chalice, 2. the paten, 3. the dome, 4. the spoon, 5. the cruets, 6. the ark, 7. the ciborium, 8. the book of Gospel 9. censor, 10. other articles
The chalice - The Communion Cup, into which wine and water is mixed. - The early chalices were made from wood or glass - The Lord Himself used the chalice (Matt 26:27) - 1 Cor 10:16 21
The Paten • The small round plate, without a stand and having no engraving. It is made of silver or gold. • Symbolises the Lord’s manger and tomb. • Claims that the Church of Lorenzo possess the plate used by the Lord for consecrating the bread. • Other’s believe that the Lord did not use a paten
The dome (star) • Consists of two silver arched bands, held by a screw, crossed over each other into the shape of a cross, usually surmounted by a small cross. • Used for support (St John Chrysostom) • Shape of the tomb and reminds us of the star that appeared to the three wise men.
The spoon • The spoon or masteer is used to administer the blood of Christ to the people. • In the past the people used to drink directly from the chalice, but from the sixth century the spoon was used.
The cruets • Two vessels used in holding the wine and water. • There are other cruets for baptism, confirmation, last Friday of great lent, bright Saturday
The ark - The ark is a box known as a ‘seat’ or a ‘throne’ and is used to hold the chalice. • Certain height and icons surrounding • The throne refers to the presence of the Lord • The ark refers to the ark of the covenant which contained three items.
The ciborium • The ciborium is a small vessel of silver, circular in shape and having a cover, measuring about six centimeters in diameter and height. • It transports Holy Communion
The book of Gospel • A copy of the New Testament, covered with silver or gold and decorated with icons. • Usually has the icon of Resurrection or Crucifixion and the other side is St Mary and the child Jesus or a patron Saint
Censor • The Old Testament mentions the use of incense (Ex 30:34-38) • The early church severely criticised the use of incense in public worship as incense was offered in pagan worship. • Constantine helped introduce the censor for worship in the Church. • Christ received gifts of frankincense, and there are other references to incense in the bible.
The censor symbolises the womb of St Mary as she bore the ‘true coal burning with fire’ • The thurible is the base of the censor
Other vessels • The small box for incense, usually silver or carved wood • The basin, usually bronze, silver or even clay • The oblation basket, small basket decorated with crosses • Musical instruments – cymbols, triangle, and the natural instrument