DelyRamdhani Afifah Ashar Ishak E-Learning Presented by
Introduction • Science without technology has no fruit, technology without science has no root. • Shank (2008) states that many people do not completely understand the nature of e-learning that they put technology beyond learning. • Zemsky and Massy (2004) agree that many institution invest too much in hardware and software and tend to neglect the quality of material and curriculum delivered through e-learning.
Discussion • E-learning Concept. • E-learning Purpose. • E-learning Application. • Conclusion
E-Learning Concept E-learning comes from the word root “electronic” and “learning”. Commerchero (2006:19) states that e-learning is a means of education that incorporates self –motivation, communication efficiency, and technology.
E-learning Concept New Zealand Department of Education (2004) defines e-learning as; Learning that is enable or supported by the use of digital tools and content. It typically involves some form of interactivity, which may include on-line interaction between the learner and their teacher or peers. E-learning opportunities are usually accessed via the internet, though other technologies such as CD-ROM are also used.
E-Learning Concept Other terms usually correlated to e-learning are distance learning, computer based trainning (CBT), and web-based training. Nichols (2008) outlines ten e-learning concepts in teaching and learning process as follows; • E-learning is one of education medium through classroom or distance learning which grounded on behaviorism and constructivism; • E-learning is a unique education form, an integration of conventional teaching and learning with distance learning.
E-Learning Concept • Learning tools must reflected pedagogical purpose. • E-learning will be sucess through education or pedagogical innovation. • E-learning can be applied by two ways:presnting material and facilitating learning process. • Learning media will work if the education model is chosen and integreted carefully. • The use of technique or method must be considered whether the learning process will be delivered on line or off-line.
E-learning Concept • Good effective learning process considers wisely how users (students) involved; • E-learning implementation puts education nature at the first place (enables students to achieve instructional goal); • Pedagogical benefits are the base of e-learning impementation.
E-learning purpose Bates (2009) mentioned some purposes of e-learning application; • To increase students’ learning opportunity and flexibility. • To enhance general quality. • To develop skills and competences (including digital literacy in various career fields); • To meet various learning styles or needs. • To improve learning cost effectiveness.
E – learning application As a medium As a process The benefit In Indonesia The opportunities The Threats
E – Learning as medium It means that the use of such a technology is influenced by institution, education program, and management.
E –Learning as Process In e – learning, this communication tends to be delivered through discussion, chat room, on-line test and so on. Discussing quality, convensional learning is real time, while e – learning interaction is more various. It may be video conferencing (direct) or on-line test (indirect)
The Benefit of E - Learning • Convenience and flexibility. • More effective and efficient learning experience and opportunity. • Dynamics and qualified education system • Improving personal and institutional quality
E – learning future in Indonesia • Technoware • Humanware • Orgaware • Infoware
E – learning opportunities • ICT becomes more familiar for both teacher and students. • Hardware and software (either licensed or open source) which is getting more modern and affordable. • Telecommunication and broadband enable big capacity of data/information being transfered. • Government has committed to support ICT-based learning.
The Threats of E – learning in Indonesia • Limited fund • Human resource
Conclusion Through the ICT utilisation in learning, students are expected to be able to improve their technology literacy, and to hone their quality to stumble upon the intense globalizising competitions. E-learning implementation needs qualified design and plan, readiness of hardware, software system, and human resource.
Conclusion In this case, improving curriculum quality, facility, media, method, tools and ICT mastery absolutely required. The improvement of ICT utilisation in education is expected to be able to improve education in Indonesia as well as science and technology literacy.