e-Learning for Médical Faculty Dr.T.V.Rao M D
Education • Education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense, education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another.
Act On Right to Education • A right to education has been created and recognized by some jurisdictions: since 1952, Article 2 of the first Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights obliges all signatory parties to guarantee the right to education. At world level, the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 guarantees this right under its Article 13.
Traditional Methods of Teaching • Teachers need to understand a subject enough to convey its essence to students. While traditionally this has involved lecturing on the part of the teacher, new instructional strategies such as team-based learning put the teacher more into the role of course designer, discussion facilitator, and coach and the student more into the role of active learner, discovering the subject of the course.
What is Learning • Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that comes about as a result of a planned experience Results from the interaction between what we already know, new information we encounter, and what we do as we learn
Concept of Teaching • Teaching is a series of planned experiences which brings about a relatively permanent change in behaviour in learners
Issues facing the System • The Productivity Squeeze: “Cheaper, Faster, Better” • Fallacy: That we can use Less resources To train more students and/or conduct more programs and To produce more productive workers and/or get better results
Internet Changes the World • The internet is computer based global information system. It is composed of many interconnected computer networks. Each network may link thousands of computers enabling them to share information
All are One with Internet • The internet has brought a transformation in many aspects of life. It is one of the biggest contributors in making the world into a global village
Knowledge with Touch of Button • The access to information being one of the most important. Student can now have access to libraries around the world. Now at the touch of a button students have a huge database in front of them
Technology is supported by Online Education • Technology is an increasingly influential factor in education. Computers and mobile phones are used in developed countries both to complement established education practices and develop new ways of learning such as online education
Computers Empower Education • The proliferation of computers also means the increase of programming and blogging.
e-Learning An Emerging methodology in Teaching and Training • E-education (also known as e-learning and online education) is the process of learning where computers are used at each possible step of the process: enrolment, instruction design, content delivery, evaluation, assessment and support. This mean that students and teachers do not have to sit in the classroom but instead they learn from anywhere in the world and in any time.
Technology a boon to Education • Technology offers powerful learning tools that demand new skills and understandings of students, including Multimedia, and provides new ways to engage students, such as Virtual learning environments.
Multimedia is Media and content • Multimedia is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms. having multiple content forms. The term is used in contrast to media which only use traditional forms of printed or hand-produced material.
Multimedia has several combination of Technologies • Multimedia includes a combination of text, audio, still images, animation, video, and interactivity content forms.
Technology helps teaching and assessment of students • The use of technologies such as PowerPoint and interactive whiteboard is capturing the attention of students in the classroom. Technology is also being used in the assessment of students
PowerPoint Contains • PowerPoint presentations consist of a number of individual pages or "slides". The "slide" analogy is a reference to the slide projector, Slides may contain text, graphics, movies, and other objects, which may be arranged freely on the slide
Multimedia Learning • learning with multimedia the brain must simultaneously encode two different types of information, an auditory stimulus and a visual stimulus. One might expect that these competing sources of information would tend to overwhelm or overload the learner
Listening and Viewing have greater impact on Learning • Psychological research has shown that verbal information is in fact better remembered when accompanied by a visual image.
Working memory increases with Audiovisual Impact • Baddeley and Hitch proposed a theory of working memory in 1974 which has two largely independent subcomponents that tend to work in parallel - one visual and one verbal/acoustic.
Audience Response System helps in Instantesous Responses in Learning • The Audience Response System (ARS), which allows immediate feedback tests and classroom discussions. • Each person has a remote control with which selections can be made. Each remote communicates with a computer via receivers located around the room or via a single receiver connected to the presenter's computer using a USB connector.
Spatial Contiguity Principle • Spatial Contiguity Principle - "Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near rather than far from each other on the page or Screen
Temporal Contiguity Principle- Temporal Contiguity Principle-"Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented simultaneously rather than successively
Coherence Principle • Coherence Principle - "Students learn better when extraneous material is excluded rather than included.] Principle- "Design effects are stronger for low-knowledge learners than for high knowledge learners, and for high-spatial learners rather than for low-spatial learners
Technology based Patient care areas • Classroom of the Future featured the usual HMS classroom technology, including a Web-enabled display monitor, along with a hospital bed and patient simulator placed alongside a tutorial conference table and chairs…”
Information Technology enriches Hospital Services • Ensuring that System remains conducive despite diminishing resources and IT “take-over • Understanding the motivation and needs of each group and generation of learners
Diverse Programs created to suit the Learners • Virtual classrooms that can be accessed from anywhere Well educated, professional instructors just like traditional education Diverse programs in a variety of disciplines
Why Medical teachers need e-Teaching Methods ??? • Modern children are ready for e-education, and that e-learning is a good opportunity for a meaningful after-school activity for them and can become a popular form of after-school activity among children and their parents
Why Students Switching to Internet • Flexibility is one of the most attractive elements of online learning, but the benefits don't stop there. In fact, many online students find their educational journey is particularly rewarding. Benefits include:
Technology creates Virtual Class Rooms: • Virtual classrooms that can be accessed from anywhere Well educated, professional instructors just like traditional education Diverse programs in a variety of disciplines Accredited programs to complete college degrees
Real Time Training • Technical programs that provide real-time training Freedom to enhance skills –and resume – while still working full-time Real-life application of classroom materials Greater comfort with interactive technologies Work/life balance
Podcasting in Medicine • According to Wikipedia, podcasting is a "method of publishing audio broadcasts via the Internet." In layman's terms, it's a way for individuals and companies to create audio programs and allow people to download, listen, and subscribe to them very easily
IPods a Boon to Medical Profession • People think of iPods, they think of downloaded music or maybe videos. They think of fun. However, iPods are finding their way to work in other industries as well. One example of this is the service and health industries
iPodsin Medical Profession • iPods are perfect for this. With a small, compact size and easy to use formatting, they are perfect for on the go information sharing. They can store amazing amounts of information and share it easily. They are also easy to use and do not require much training to run
IPod in Patient care • Hospitals in Europe and Australia are using iPods to train new employees.. Or they can use iPods to train employees on new issues such as what to do in a quarantine situation or how to handle a violent patient.
Medical students empowered with iPods • Medical students are starting to use iPods for classes as well. Teachers can use programs to put lecture materials into a flash format, allowing them to be viewed on an iPod instead of on regular slides in the lecture hall.
Podcasts helps in critical learning in Diagnosis of Heart Murmurs • Michael Barrett, a cardiologist and professor at Temple University School of Medicine in Philadelphia, created sound files of four types of computer-generated heart murmurs
We listen to the Murmurs and can Perfect the Practice • Heart murmurs are converted to MP3 format that his students could download and listen to on their iPods
Heart Sounds in IPod • Students who used his "Heart Songs" on average exercised 90% accuracy rates in detecting murmurs, compared with 20% to 30% accuracy rates of most medical students and residents. The American College of Cardiology has made Barrett's "Heart Songs" MP3s available online for download.
Patients too learn through Podcasts • Grayson Wheatley, a cardiovascular surgeon at the Arizona Heart Institute and Hospital in Phoenix, began creating audio podcasts to help patients better understand complex medical issues.
Subscribe to Medical Podcasts • The Arizona Heart Institute and Hospital launched the Cardiovascular Multimedia Information Network, which hosts an online library of past podcasts for patients and physicians that can be downloaded at no cost. In addition, some medical journals, as the Journal of the American Medical Association, Lancet, BMJ now offer audio podcasts.
Podcasts for Learning and TeachingAre you new ??? • A podcast is an audio file (MP3 format) published on the Internet. You can subscribe to a podcast audio feed (audio RSS) to automatically download podcasts when they are published. The technology uses RSS but instead of just supplying text, podcasts include audio.
Install the Soft ware applications and Subscribe • To subscribe to Medicine Net's medical podcasts, download and install one of the following software products iTunes (for Mac + PC) • iPodder (for Windows 2000/XP) • iPodderX (for Mac) .
RSS feeds can teach anything • Medicine Net also has medical RSS feeds available on many medical topics. These medical RSS feeds allow you to be notified when content relating to a specific medical topic is updated on Medicine Net. To learn more about Medicine Net's medical RSS feeds, visit: