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Creativity: Method or Magic?. Harnad, Stevan (2007) Creativity: Method or Magic? In: H. Cohen and B. Stemmer (eds.) Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments of Mind and Brain Amsterdam: Elsevier http://cogprints.org/1627/. What is creativity?. A trait? A state? An outcome?

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Creativity: Method or Magic?


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creativity method or magic

Creativity:Method or Magic?

Harnad, Stevan (2007) Creativity: Method or Magic?

In: H. Cohen and B. Stemmer (eds.) Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments of Mind and Brain Amsterdam: Elsevier

http://cogprints.org/1627/

what is creativity
What is creativity?

A trait?

A state?

An outcome?

How? rules? training?

slide5

What’s new?

Originality

Novelty

Innovation

Chimera

artistic creativity vs intellectual creativity
Artistic creativity vs. Intellectual creativity

Practical criteria

Aesthetic criteria

training
Training?

Pòlya

uncreative
Uncreative?

Problem solving

Deduction

Induction

Learning

Imitation

Trial-and-error

Heuristics

Abduction

13 theories of creativity method memory magic mutation
13 “Theories” of creativitymethod, memory, magic, mutation

Polànyi

Koestler

The Unconscious mind

Innate structure (abduction)

Analogy (imitation)

Preparation (learning)

Imitation

Intuition, aesthetic factors

Anomalies

Constraints (Stravinsky)

Serendipity (game of chance)

Mental analogs

Heuristic stratgeies

Improvisation (performance, interpretation)

Complementarity (collaboration, cumulativity

Lakatos

Stravinsky

Csikszentmihalyi