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Slavery Divides the Nation. U.S. History Chapter 16. The Missouri Compromise. Senator Henry Clay proposed admitting Missouri to the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. The Missouri Compromise.

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slavery divides the nation

Slavery Divides the Nation

U.S. History

Chapter 16

the missouri compromise
The Missouri Compromise
  • Senator Henry Clay proposed admitting Missouri to the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state
the missouri compromise1
The Missouri Compromise
  • Compromise applied to lands in the Louisiana Purchase; ensured balance of free and slave states for 30 years
wilmot proviso
Wilmot Proviso
  • Western lands added in 1848 with the Mexican Cession
  • Congressman David Wilmot called for a law banning slavery in any territories won from Mexico
wilmot proviso1
Wilmot Proviso
  • Southern leaders opposed the Wilmot Proviso; did NOT want slavery declared illegal in Mexican Cession
popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty
  • The right of people to create their own government
  • 1849: California voters approved a state constitution banning slavery
free soil party
Free-Soil Party
  • Members of both the northern Democrat and Whig opposed the spread of slavery
  • Formed Free-Soil Party to ban slavery in the western territories
compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • Addition of CA to Union in 1850 as free state upset the balance of free and slave states; free states now had advantage
compromise of 18501
Compromise of 1850
  • Mexican Cession divided into NM and UT territories but did NOT ban slavery there
compromise of 18502
Compromise of 1850
  • Ended slave trade in nation’s capital
  • Did NOT ban slave trade between slave states
  • Included strict fugitive slave law
fugitive slave act of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
  • Required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves
  • Act enraged antislavery northerners who declared that they did not respect nor would they obey this law
uncle tom s cabin
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Novel written to show evils of slavery and injustice in Fugitive Slave Act
uncle tom s cabin1
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Northerners became more opposed to slavery after reading the novel
  • Novel heightened tensions between North and South
kansas nebraska act
Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Divided territory into two parts; created two new territories in 1854
kansas nebraska act1
Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Senator Stephen Douglas: territories would decide slavery issue by popular sovereignty
  • Opponents: “criminal betrayal of precious rights.”
crisis turns violent
Crisis Turns Violent
  • Both pro and antislavery forces sent settlers to Kansas to fight for control
  • Border Ruffian: proslavery person who rode from Missouri to Kansas to battle antislavery forces
bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas
  • Rivalry between proslavery and antislavery settlers led to violence in Kansas in 1855
  • Violent debates erupted in the Senate
abolitionist john brown
Abolitionist John Brown
  • Many northerners thought radical abolitionist Brown was a martyr: he was willing to give up his life for his beliefs.
  • Brown inspired other abolitionists; folk song popular with northerners
dred scott case
Dred Scott Case
  • Dred Scott moved with his owner from slave to free territories, but Supreme Court decided he was not a free man
  • Supreme Court said Congress did not have power to outlaw slavery in any territory
dred scott case1
Dred Scott Case
  • White southerners were happy that slavery was legal in all territories; reversed Missouri Compromise
  • Supreme Court decision was condemned by free African Americans
  • Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
republican party emerges
Republican Party Emerges
  • Like Free-Soil Party, Republicansmain goal was to keep slavery out of western territories
  • Republicans were dissatisfied with weak stand on slavery taken by Whigs and Democrats
lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  • Lincoln ran against Stephen Douglas for Illinois senator
  • Series of debates between Lincoln and Douglas focused primarily on slavery issue
lincoln douglas debates1
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  • Despite losing to Douglas, Lincoln became nationally known for his antislavery stance
election of 1860
Election of 1860
  • Regional attitudes toward slavery led to the election of Lincoln to the Presidency of the United States
election of 18601
Election of 1860
  • Southern states seceded in protest, forming the Confederate States of America
civil war begins
Civil War Begins
  • Confederate forces fired the first shots of the Civil War at Ft. Sumter in South Carolina
  • Confederate troops attacked the Union troops stationed there
review question
Review Question
  • 1. What was the Wilmot Proviso?
  • Divided a territory into two parts
  • Declared Congress unable to ban the slave trade between slave states
  • Attempted to ban slavery in territories won from Mexico
review question1
Review Question
  • 1. What was the Wilmot Proviso?
  • Divided a territory into two parts
  • Declared Congress unable to ban the slave trade between slave states
  • Attempted to ban slavery in territories won from Mexico
review question2
Review Question
  • 2. Which political party was formed in 1848 for the purpose of banning slavery in western territories?
  • Free-Soil
  • Whig
  • Republican
review question3
Review Question
  • 2. Which political party was formed in 1848 for the purpose of banning slavery in western territories?
  • Free-Soil
  • Whig
  • Republican
review question4
Review Question
  • 3. Who was a proslavery person who rode from Missouri to Kansas to battle antislavery forces?
  • Martyr
  • Fugitive
  • Border Ruffian
review question5
Review Question
  • 3. Who was a proslavery person who rode from Missouri to Kansas to battle antislavery forces?
  • Martyr
  • Fugitive
  • Border Ruffian
review question6
Review Question
  • 4. What compromise did Henry Clay propose for admitting Missouri to the Union?
  • Admit Missouri as a free state and Maine as a slave state
  • Admit Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
  • Admit Missouri as a free state and allow slavery in all other new states
review question7
Review Question
  • 4. What compromise did Henry Clay propose for admitting Missouri to the Union?
  • Admit Missouri as a free state and Maine as a slave state
  • Admit Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
  • Admit Missouri as a free state and allow slavery in all other new states
review question8
Review Question
  • 5. Which of the following is an example of popular sovereignty?
  • In 1849, CA voters approve a state constitution that bans slavery
  • In 1836, AR becomes a slave state because it is south of Missouri
  • In 1837, MI becomes a free state because it is north of Missouri
review question9
Review Question
  • 5. Which of the following is an example of popular sovereignty?
  • In 1849, CA voters approve a state constitution that bans slavery
  • In 1836, AR becomes a slave state because it is south of Missouri
  • In 1837, MI becomes a free state because it is north of Missouri
review question10
Review Question
  • 6. Which statement summarizes the effects of the Missouri Compromise?
  • It triggered a sharp rise in the number of free states shortly after 1848
  • It helped ensure a balance of slave and free states for almost 30 years
  • It ensure a decrease in the number of slave states
review question11
Review Question
  • 6. Which statement summarizes the effects of the Missouri Compromise?
  • It triggered a sharp rise in the number of free states shortly after 1848
  • It helped ensure a balance of slave and free states for almost 30 years
  • It ensure a decrease in the number of slave states
review question12
Review Question
  • 7. Someone who sacrifices his or her own life for beliefs
  • Martyr
  • Fugitive
  • Border Ruffian
review question13
Review Question
  • 7. Someone who rode from Missouri to Kansas to battle antislavery forces
  • Martyr
  • Fugitive
  • Border Ruffian
review question14
Review Question
  • 8. This divided a territory into two parts.
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Fugitive Slave Act
review question15
Review Question
  • 8. This divided a territory into two parts.
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Fugitive Slave Act
review question16
Review Question
  • 9. Which of the following is NOT among the terms of the Compromise of 1850?
  • Northerners are required to help return runaway slaves to owners
  • Slavery is banned in New Mexico and Utah
  • The slave trade is outlawed in Washington, D.C.
review question17
Review Question
  • 9. Which of the following is NOT among the terms of the Compromise of 1850?
  • Northerners are required to help return runaway slaves to owners
  • Slavery is banned in New Mexico and Utah
  • The slave trade is outlawed in Washington, D.C.
review question18
Review Question
  • 10. What effect did Uncle Tom’s Cabin have on public opinion?
  • Northerners, in general, became more opposed to slavery
  • Northerners, in general, became more sympathetic toward slave owners
  • Americans, in general, lost interest in the slavery issue
review question19
Review Question
  • 10. What effect did Uncle Tom’s Cabin have on public opinion?
  • Northerners, in general, became more opposed to slavery
  • Northerners, in general, became more sympathetic toward slave owners
  • Americans, in general, lost interest in the slavery issue
review question20
Review Question
  • 11. Which of these generalizations BEST describes the effect of Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
  • The novel helped northerners understand why southerners supported slavery
  • The novel further heightened tensions between the North and the South
  • The novel eased tensions between the North and South
review question21
Review Question
  • 11. Which of these generalizations BEST describes the effect of Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
  • The novel helped northerners understand why southerners supported slavery
  • The novel further heightened tensions between the North and the South
  • The novel eased tensions between the North and South
review question22
Review Question
  • 12. Which of the following can be said of Abraham Lincoln?
  • His support for the Kansas-Nebraska Act made him a Republican leader
  • His antislavery speeches won him a following in both the North and the South
  • His debates with Stephen Douglas won him fame as an opponent of slavery
review question23
Review Question
  • 12. Which of the following can be said of Abraham Lincoln?
  • His support for the Kansas-Nebraska Act made him a Republican leader
  • His antislavery speeches won him a following in both the North and the South
  • His debates with Stephen Douglas won him fame as an opponent of slavery
review question24
Review Question
  • 13. What effect did Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860 have on national unity?
  • Seven southern states seceded in protest
  • It healed the nation’s political divisions
  • It caused the South to declare war on the North
review question25
Review Question
  • 13. What effect did Abraham Lincoln’s election in 1860 have on national unity?
  • Seven southern states seceded in protest
  • It healed the nation’s political divisions
  • It caused the South to declare war on the North
review question26
Review Question
  • 14. Which of the following is TRUE of Abraham Lincoln?
  • He became well known nationally when he ran against Stephen Douglas for President
  • He became well known nationally despite losing to Stephen Douglas in the US Senate race
  • He was well known nationally before his debates with Stephen Douglas
review question27
Review Question
  • 14. Which of the following is TRUE of Abraham Lincoln?
  • He became well known nationally when he ran against Stephen Douglas for President
  • He became well known nationally despite losing to Stephen Douglas in the US Senate race
  • He was well known nationally before his debates with Stephen Douglas
review question28
Review Question
  • 15. Why did conflict arise in 1848 in western territories over the issue of slavery?
  • Northern congressmen wanted CA to enter the Union as a free state
  • Western states wanted to overturn a law that banned slavery
  • The legality of slavery had to be decided in lands added from the Mexican Cession
review question29
Review Question
  • 15. Why did conflict arise in 1848 in western territories over the issue of slavery?
  • Northern congressmen wanted CA to enter the Union as a free state
  • Western states wanted to overturn a law that banned slavery
  • The legality of slavery had to be decided in lands added from the Mexican Cession
review question30
Review Question
  • 16. Debates over which of the following caused violence to erupt on the Senate floor?
  • The Missouri Compromise
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • The Compromise of 1850
review question31
Review Question
  • 16. Debates over which of the following caused violence to erupt on the Senate floor?
  • The Missouri Compromise
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • The Compromise of 1850
review question32
Review Question
  • 17. What was the goal of the Free Soil Party?
  • To extend slavery in the western territories
  • To ban slavery in the western territories
  • To help runaway slaves reach freedom
review question33
Review Question
  • 17. What was the goal of the Free Soil Party?
  • To extend slavery in the western territories
  • To ban slavery in the western territories
  • To help runaway slaves reach freedom
review question34
Review Question
  • 18. How were the goals of the Republican Party and the Free-Soil Party alike?
  • Both wanted to keep slavery out of the western territories
  • Both wanted popular sovereignty to decide the slavery question in territories
  • Both supported the immediate abolition of slavery throughout the US
review question35
Review Question
  • 18. How were the goals of the Republican Party and the Free-Soil Party alike?
  • Both wanted to keep slavery out of the western territories
  • Both wanted popular sovereignty to decide the slavery question in territories
  • Both supported the immediate abolition of slavery throughout the US
review questions
Review Questions
  • 19. Which of the following led to the formation of the Republican party in the 1850s?
  • Dissatisfaction with the weak stand on slavery taken by the Whigs and Democrats
  • Dissatisfaction with how the Whigs dealt with protective tariffs
  • Belief in the need for stronger support for the Fugitive Slave Act
review questions1
Review Questions
  • 19. Which of the following led to the formation of the Republican party in the 1850s?
  • Dissatisfaction with the weak stand on slavery taken by the Whigs and Democrats
  • Dissatisfaction with how the Whigs dealt with protective tariffs
  • Belief in the need for stronger support for the Fugitive Slave Act
review questions2
Review Questions
  • 20. To what area did the Missouri Compromise apply?
  • Lands from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean
  • Lands east of Missouri to the Atlantic Ocean
  • Lands in the Louisiana Purchase
review questions3
Review Questions
  • 20. To what area did the Missouri Compromise apply?
  • Lands from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean
  • Lands east of Missouri to the Atlantic Ocean
  • Lands in the Louisiana Purchase
review questions4
Review Questions
  • 21. What declared that Congress unable to ban the slave trade between slave states
  • Wilmot Proviso
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Fugitive Slave Act
review questions5
Review Questions
  • 21. What declared that Congress unable to ban the slave trade between slave states
  • Wilmot Proviso
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Fugitive Slave Act
review questions6
Review Questions
  • 22. What led to violence in Kansas in 1855?
  • The repeal of the Compromise of 1850
  • The election of Abraham Lincoln as President
  • The rivalry between proslavery and antislavery settlers
review questions7
Review Questions
  • 22. What led to violence in Kansas in 1855?
  • The repeal of the Compromise of 1850
  • The election of Abraham Lincoln as President
  • The rivalry between proslavery and antislavery settlers
review questions8
Review Questions
  • 23. Which of the following statements correctly describes the issue that led to the Compromise of 1850?
  • Admitting TX to the Union in 1850 gave slave states an advantage that could not be reversed
  • Admitting CA to the Union in 1850 extended slavery into a territory acquired from Mexico
  • Admitting CA to the Union in 1850 gave free states an advantage over slave states
review questions9
Review Questions
  • 23. Which of the following statements correctly describes the issue that led to the Compromise of 1850?
  • Admitting TX to the Union in 1850 gave slave states an advantage that could not be reversed
  • Admitting CA to the Union in 1850 extended slavery into a territory acquired from Mexico
  • Admitting CA to the Union in 1850 gave free states an advantage over slave states
review questions10
Review Questions
  • 24. Which statement best expresses the reaction of many northerners to the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850?
  • “We don’t respect this law, and we won’t obey it.”
  • “We disagree with this law, even though it dons not affect us directly.”
  • “This law justly protects the rights of property owners.”
review questions11
Review Questions
  • 24. Which statement best expresses the reaction of many northerners to the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850?
  • “We don’t respect this law, and we won’t obey it.”
  • “We disagree with this law, even though it dons not affect us directly.”
  • “This law justly protects the rights of property owners.”
review question36
Review Question
  • 25. How did the ruling on the Dred Scott case affect the slavery debate?
  • It reversed the Missouri Compromise
  • It temporarily united antislavery and proslavery forces
  • It protected the right of a freed slave to file a lawsuit
review question37
Review Question
  • 25. How did the ruling on the Dred Scott case affect the slavery debate?
  • It reversed the Missouri Compromise
  • It temporarily united antislavery and proslavery forces
  • It protected the right of a freed slave to file a lawsuit
review question38
Review Question
  • 26. What was one effect of the Dred Scott decision?
  • It was condemned by free African Americans
  • It led to violence in the Kansas territory
  • It angered people who supported slavery
review question39
Review Question
  • 26. What was one effect of the Dred Scott decision?
  • It was condemned by free African Americans
  • It led to violence in the Kansas territory
  • It angered people who supported slavery
review question40
Review Question
  • 27. How did Southerners react to Abraham Lincoln’s election?
  • NC and SC seceded, followed by VA
  • Southern leaders called for a new presidential election
  • Seven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America
review question41
Review Question
  • 27. How did Southerners react to Abraham Lincoln’s election?
  • NC and SC seceded, followed by VA
  • Southern leaders called for a new presidential election
  • Seven southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America
review question42
Review Question
  • 28. Which statement summarizes the results of the presidential election of 1860?
  • National unity led to a landslide victory for the Republican candidate
  • Regional attitudes toward slavery decided the outcome
  • Moderate voters who wanted a compromise on slavery determined the winner
review question43
Review Question
  • 28. Which statement summarizes the results of the presidential election of 1860?
  • National unity led to a landslide victory for the Republican candidate
  • Regional attitudes toward slavery decided the outcome
  • Moderate voters who wanted a compromise on slavery determined the winner
review question44
Review Question
  • 29. What two new territories were created in 1854?
  • Oregon and Washington
  • Kansas and Nebraska
  • New Mexico and Utah
review question45
Review Question
  • 29. What two new territories were created in 1854?
  • Oregon and Washington
  • Kansas and Nebraska
  • New Mexico and Utah
review question46
Review Question
  • 30. John Brown inspired
  • Enslaved people
  • Other abolitionists
  • Border Ruffians
review question47
Review Question
  • 30. John Brown inspired
  • Enslaved people
  • Other abolitionists
  • Border Ruffians
review question48
Review Question
  • 31. How did the Civil War begin?
  • Confederate troops attacked federal forts off the coast of Florida
  • Union troops attacked Confederate forts off the coast of Florida
  • Confederate troops attacked Union troops stationed at Fort Sumter, SC
review question49
Review Question
  • 31. How did the Civil War begin?
  • Confederate troops attacked federal forts off the coast of Florida
  • Union troops attacked Confederate forts off the coast of Florida
  • Confederate troops attacked Union troops stationed at Fort Sumter, SC