Standard of Living Population Unit Miss Tyeson
Today’s Lesson • Today we will be looking at; • What standard of living is, • How to measure standard of living, • Problems with indicators
What Is Standard of Living? • This is a measure of how well off people are in a country. • People who are not well off have a low standard of living e.g. Rural parts of Kenya • People who are well off have a high standard of living e.g. United Kingdom
MEDC and LEDC • An MEDC (more economically developed country) or a developed country has a high standard of living. • These are normally found in the north of the world.
An LEDC (less economically developed country) has a relatively low standard of living. • These are often found in the south of the world, and can sometimes be referred to as the “third world”
Colour a World Map the Same as this One The line dividing the “rich north” and “poor south” is called the Brandt line. Add these labels to your map.
Measuring Standard of Living • The most common way is to measure wealth (economy of a country). • This is done by adding up the goods and services produced in a country in one year. • This is called the Gross National Product (GNP). • This is then divided by the total population to give the GNP per capita (per person).
Problems with Indicators • If the population has not been counted correctly, all the averages are unreliable • Averages can hide big differences. One person might be really wealthy while the other 100 in the town are experiencing a poor standard of living. • One indicator of standard of living is not enough. Being able to read doesn't make up for being hungry or being ill with disease because there are not enough doctors.