Etruscans. period 6. Government By Shannon Beauregard and Connor O'Brien The Etruscan Government was a theocracy A theocracy is a government in which all the people believe the supreme ruler is a God
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By Shannon Beauregard and Connor O'Brien
Frescos - wall painting
By Hannah Basile and Mattie Jacox
Gold tablets from Pyrgi in 500 BCE. In creibed in Phoenician (left) and Etruscan (center and right)
- Controversy over origins: the Etruscans were either indigenous, or immigrated from Asia Minor
- Appeared around 1000 BC in what is now Tuscany
- Original land between Tiber and Arno Rivers
- Compete with Greek expansion
- Bordered by Umbrian and Picenes peoples on South and East
- Expands borders northward, controls between Mantua and Campania
- Tarquin (Estruscan) Dynasty controls Rome 616-509 B.C.
- Begins a thalassocracy- naval rule of the immediate area
- Clash with Greek forces at Cumae, and Etruscan expansion was finally checked by Aristodemus
- the Etruscans make a coalition with the Carthaginians i 540 B.C.
- Etruscan rule imposed on Corsica after a naval battle in the Sardinia Sea
- 510 B.C. Etruscan monarchy in Rome falls and the Republic replaces it
-One example is sculptures of body parts when healing was seeked. They would also make offerings of jewelry, prized possessions, and figurines.Religion: OfferingsByMichaela and Sam
- They learned what these signs meant by communicating with prophets.
- These gods were also sometimes depicted in human form.Religion: Gods
"One day, says the legend, in a field near the river Marta in Etruria, a strange event occurred. A divine being rose up from the newly ploughed furrow, a being with the appearance of a child, but with the wisdom of an old man. The startled cry of the ploughman brought lucomones, the priest kings of Etruria hurrying up to the spot. To them, the wise child chanted the sacred doctrine, which they reverently listened to and wrote down, so that this most precious possession could be passed on to their successors. Immediately after the revelation, the miraculous being fell dead and disappeared into the ploughed field. His name was Tages, and he was believed to be the son of Genius and grandson of the highest God, Tinia (or Jupiter as he became known to the Romans). This doctrine was known to the Romans as the disciplina etrusca"
Apulu (Apollo) | god of the arts (esp. poetry and music), archery, and divination Artames (Diana) | goddess of the hunt Fufluns (Bacchus) | god of wine and fertility Menarva (Minerva) | goddess of wisdom, war, and crafts Tinia (Jupiter) | god of the sky; ruler of the Etruscan pantheon Turan (Venus) | goddess of love and beauty Turms (Mercury) | god of merchants Uni (Juno) | goddess of marriage
-obsession with elaborate burials, similar to Egyptian belief that a part of the soul remains with
the body in the afterlife
-earliest tombs were Cremations
where the ashes were placed in
biconical urns (urns meant to
-tombs found underground with
Stuccoes (a form of plaster used
to create a decorative
atmosphere for the tombs)
-the tombs give insight into Etruscan culture (ex. the remains of murals on some walls depict a commonly recurring theme of banquets)
-each tomb could hold many people (relatives were usually kept together) and Etruscans included in tombs any necessities for their next life such as pots and pans, plates, pitchers, ropes, knives, oil lamps, Greek vases
-people not able to afford such elaborate chambers were buried in plainer tombs, cut right into walls
-the tombs of Caere spanned a long period of time (6th to 7th Century) and included over 400 tombs.
-the tombs of Tarquinia show the earliest remnants of the first cremation sites. Contains about 150 tombs created during the 4th to 9th Century
-the tombs of Vulci from the 8th century include the most lavish and ordained burials. Most of the ceramics and paintings recovered came form these tombs.
Negotiation, Tomb of the Baron, Tarquinia. Note the wreath hanging over the black horse
Period 6 is lolsome.
(as are the Etruscans of course)