Etruscans. Origins Writing Art and Culture. Origins. Somewhere between 900 and 500 BC, the Italian peninsula was settled by a group of people we call the Etruscans.
Art and Culture
The Tabula Cortonensis, discovered near Cortona in 1992, but only made public in June 1999, is made of bronze (Approximate dimensions: 50 by 30 cm, with a mean thickness of 2-3 milimetres) and was cut into eight fragments, of which one unfortunately has unfortunately been lost. We can surmise that the tablet, once it had served its purpose, was broken in order to re-use the metal.
The above picture shows a reconstruction of what this ship must have looked like. The lines show the probably water level. From a wreck of an Etruscan ship found off the island of Giglio, we have a reasonable idea of their construction. There is evidence to show that planks were butted together (not overlapped) and bound in place using thick ropes, which were passed through 2 centimetre (1") diameter holes in the planks. The gaps were probably then sealed using pitch.
The ship was quite squat in shape, and this example was totally different from Greek and Roman ships, in that it had two masts, rigged with square sails. The fact that it had square sails meant that quite often they had to wait many days for a favorable wind. Attached to the stern of the ship were two large steering oars. According to ancient accounts from the Greeks and the Romans, merchant vessels would sail within sight of land, and would weigh anchor at night in shallower water close to shore. Anchors were made of stone, and were typically inscribed.
Group of bucchero vessels, 7th-5th centuries BCE
Depicted on the principal side of this amphora, are Achilles and Ajax
Bronze helmet, 7th century BC.
From the Regolini-Galassi tomb , 650 B.C
Regolini-Galassi tomb and date to about 675-650 B.C.
Pair of gold earrings, Etruscan, gold, 7th century, BC
The Etruscan City of Velzna was probably located near Orvieto (Viterbo province, Italy). Many Etruscan coins have been found bearing the Word "Velzna"
Photo is of the tumulus mounds which form the outer shell of tomb
Dates from about the seventh-century B.C. The tombs of the Etruscans were architecturally constructed to resemble their homes, and this is no exception. However, the tombs at Caere have no frescoed walls, as is the case with its southern neighbor Tarquinia. Instead, the walls are carved with heavy relief depicting many different everyday objects.
seventh to fifth-century B.C. tumulus mound
Images are of the famous Regolini-Galassi tomb in the Banditaccia necropolis, roughly dating about 675-650 B.C. http://oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/classics/students/belanger/cerveteri.html
This wheeled cart, dating to about 675-650 B.C., was used to transport the corpse from Caere to the tomb in the necropolis
Tumulus mounds which form the outer shell of the Etruscan tombs at Tarquinia.
Tomb of the Augurs is probably the best known Etruscan tomb in Tarquinia. Dating to about 530 B.C., it is in the Monterozzi necropolis.