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Land Biomes. Tundra. Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia. Tundra – “The Cold Desert” Found at latitudes around the North Pole Less than 25 cm (10”) precipitation yearly Very cold year round -40ºC (-40ºF) in winter Cold, dry, treeless region. Tundra –

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tundra
Tundra

Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia

slide3
Tundra –

“The Cold Desert”

  • Found at latitudes around the North Pole
  • Less than 25 cm (10”) precipitation yearly
  • Very cold year round -40ºC (-40ºF) in winter
  • Cold, dry, treeless region
slide4
Tundra –

“The Land of the Midnight Sun”

  • Winter lasts 6 to 9 months with no daylight
  • Summer is short and cold with 24 hours of sunlight a day
slide5
Tundra-
  • Soil is poor
  • Permafrost
    • Layer of permanently frozen soil
plants of the tundra
Plants of the Tundra

Tundra plants are resistant to drought and cold

Examples:

  • Reindeer moss (a lichen!)
  • Lichens
  • True mosses
  • Grasses
  • Small shrubs and flowers
plants of the tundra1
Plants of the Tundra
  • Reindeer moss – It’s a lichen!
plants of the tundra5
Plants of the Tundra
  • Small shrubs and flowers
plants of the tundra6
Plants of the Tundra
  • Small shrubs and flowers
plants of the tundra7
Plants of the Tundra
  • Small shrubs and flowers
animals of the tundra
Animals of the Tundra

Many animals of the tundra migrate there during the short summer

Examples:

  • Biting insects
  • Snowy owls
  • Arctic hares
  • Caribou
  • Musk oxen
  • Lemmings
animals of the tundra1
Animals of the Tundra
  • Biting insects

Mosquito Blackfly

animals of the tundra4
Animals of the Tundra
  • Caribou – “Reindeer”
animals of the tundra7
Animals of the Tundra
  • Lemmings (lem-ing)
taiga or coniferous forest

Taiga or Coniferous Forest

Found in parts of Canada, Alaska, and Russia

slide24
Taiga or Coniferous Forest
  • World’s largest land biome
  • Latitudes between 50ºN and 60ºN
slide25
Taiga-
  • Warmer and wetter than the Tundra
  • Winters are long and cold (-10º-14ºC) (14º-57ºF)
  • 35 - 40 cm (13”-16”) of precipitation yearly (mostly snow)
plants of the taiga
Plants of the Taiga

There is no permafrost, so trees can grow. Mosses and lichens grow on the forest floor.

Examples:

  • Coniferous (Cone-bearing, Evergreen trees)
    • Firs
    • Spruces
    • Pines
  • Hemlocks
  • Cedars
plants of the taiga4
Plants of the Taiga
  • Liverwort (a moss)
animals of the taiga
Animals of the Taiga

Many animals live in the Taiga.

Examples:

  • Moose
  • Black Bear
  • Lynx
  • Wolves
  • Badgers
  • Wolverines
  • Deer