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Voting and Political Parties. What are some groups in the U.S. that cannot vote? People under age 18 Convicted felons Non-citizens People who are mentally ill People who are not registered. If voting is such an important responsibility of citizenship, why don’t more people vote ?.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

What are some groups in the U.S. that cannot vote?

  • People under age 18
  • Convicted felons
  • Non-citizens
  • People who are mentally ill
  • People who are not registered
slide3

If voting is such an important responsibility of citizenship, why don’t more people vote?

People say they don’t vote because:

  • …my one vote won’t count.
  • …I don’t like any of the candidates.
  • …I don’t have the time.
  • …I don’t know how to vote or where to go.
  • …I’m not up-to-date on all the issues.
  • …I don’t know who to vote for.
slide4

If voting is so important, how do we get more people to vote?

  • Make it a law! (fines or jail time for people who don’t vote, like they do in other countries)
  • Extend voting times (vote for a week instead of just one day)
  • Make election day a holiday (..so everyone will have more time to vote)
  • Take the voting to the people (mobile voting trucks could cruise the neighborhoods)
  • Let people vote in different places (vote at the mall, in church, or at work)
slide8

Political Parties and How they Work

In the United States we have a two-party system. That means that two major political parties compete for votes and importance in government. Having two parties provides stability and balance in our government.

Political parties in the United States:

  • Help to recruit and nominate candidates for public office
  • Educate people about campaign issues
  • Help candidates win elections
  • Monitor the actions of people in office
slide9

The two main political parties in the U.S. are the

Democrats (Generally believe in helping

as many as possible,

but may raise taxes to do it)

and the

Republicans (Generally believe in smaller government and people taking care of themselves, but lowering taxes as well)

slide10

Sometimes a third party emerges in politics, especially in presidential elections. Third parties can be formed

  • Around a specific idea or issue ~ ex. The Prohibition Party was formed solely around the idea of prohibiting alcohol
  • Around a strong person ~ ex. The Progressive Party centered around Teddy Roosevelt and ran him for president in 1912

Third party candidates are called Independents because they run independently from the two major parties.

slide11

The Political Spectrum

RIGHT

LEFT

Politicians can sometimes be labeled depending on how they approach different issues.

slide12

Conservatives

RIGHT

LEFT

Conservatives generally believe that the role of government should be limited and that people should basically take care of themselves. They favor traditional values. They often seek to reinstate prayer in school and ban abortions. Conservatives tend to be Republicans.

slide13

Conservatives

Liberals

RIGHT

LEFT

Liberals believe that government should help meet people’s needs, and protect and extend their rights. They often support public housing, wildlife conservation, and programs for the poor. Most liberals are independents or Democrats.

slide14

Reactionaries

Conservatives

Radicals

Liberals

RIGHT

LEFT

Reactionaries favor a return to more traditional politics.

Radicals seek sweeping changes in governmental policies.

slide15

Reactionaries

Conservatives

Radicals

Moderates

Liberals

RIGHT

LEFT

Moderates follow a course between liberalism and conservatism. They may support government action in some areas and reject it in others. Many politicians like to appear moderate to the voters because it makes them look open-minded and flexible.