stress n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
STRESS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
STRESS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

STRESS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on

STRESS. Honeylyn Salvador. STRESS. - is the relative force or prominence given to a syllable or word - Usually associated with pitch or the highness or lowness of a tone, length of sound and duration, and volume or loudness.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'STRESS' - heman


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
stress

STRESS

Honeylyn Salvador

stress1

STRESS

- is the relative force or prominence given to a syllable or word

- Usually associated with pitch or the highness or lowness of a tone, length of sound and duration, and volume or loudness.

English is a stress-timed language. This means that any word, phrase ore sentence spoken in the language has stress and intonation that carry the rhythm of an utterance. Both stress and intonation must be mastered to achieve effective communication between speaker and listener.

slide3

Three levels of Stress:

1. strong / ’ /

2. medium / ^ /

3. weak / ﬞ /

To pronounce a syllable with strong stress:

1. use pitch level 3 or high

2. speak with a loud voice

3. make the sound long

To produce a syllable with medium stress:

1. speak with less volume

2. use a lower pitch

3. make the sound shorter

slide4

To say an unstressed syllable:

1. speak with little volume

2. use a low pitch

3. say the syllable lightly and quickly

4. give the vowel either an / ә / or an / I / sound

The study of stress is focused on three levels: word, phrase and sentence.

word stress
WORD STRESS

A. Words with primary stress on the first syllable

ádmirable ćategory

állegory ćharacterize

állergy éligible

ámiable fórmidable

B. Words with primary stress on the second syllable

admìnistrator dispénsary

guitárist dióxide

estáblish cartóon

Chinése inévitable

slide6

C. Words with primary stress on the third syllable aborìgines carousél avarìcious convaléscent violìn magazìne resumé JapanéseD. Words with primary stress on the fourth syllable abbreviátion enunciátion evacuátion melodramátic dramatizátion negotiátion superimpóse monosyllábic

slide7

E. Intensive- reflexive pronouns receive primary stress on self. yoursélf themsélves oursélves hersélf itsélf

F. Compound Nouns – are two or more individual words used together as one with a meaning different from that of the individual components and which together, function as a noun.dáybreak wéekend cásh registers

bóokstore swéetheart éditor-in-chief

slide8

G. Compound Verbs

a. Verbs that are made of two components, usually a preposition or an adverb and a main verb are called compound words. Such combinations are written as one word and be primary stress on the second component and secondary stress on the firs component. Thus we say:

undergó offsét counteráct

underbíd overthrów uphóld

slide9

b. When the two components are written separately with the verb coming before the preposition or adverb is called a two-word verb.

look ủp pick óut peddle óff use ủp

There are some two-word verbs, however, which have the strong stress on the first component as in the ff:

Cáll on lísten to lóok for wáit on

slide10

H. Compound Adjectives- carry the strong stress on the first component when they stand alone. When they are use in the modification structure, however, the strong stress falls on the noun component.

héll-for-leather hell-for-leather dríver

hérky-jerky herky-jerky gáit

Créstfallen crestfallen bállplayers

oréy-eyed orey-eyed bủll

ín-your-face in-your-face gáme

sentence stress
SENTENCE STRESS

1. Wômen lôve shópping.

Some wômen lôve shópping.

A number of wômen lôve shópping.

A great number of wômen lôve shópping.

A very great number of wômen lôve shópping.

2. Gĭve him a pérmit.

You gîve him a pérmit.

You will gîve him a pérmit.

You have gîven him a pérmit

You should have gîven him a pérmit

slide12

3. The chôir is practicing for the cóncert.

4. Whêre are you dîning toníght?

5. English is the lîngua franca of the wórld.