Stress. Definitions of stress. Stress has been defined according to one of three theoretical models: A stimulus (“stress from the outside”). A response (“stress from the inside”). A transaction emphasising the relationship between the individual and the environment (the interactional model).
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Stress has been defined according to one of three theoretical models:
RE: Similarity in physiological reactions
"Nonspecific reactions“ need research to "prove" it's no more than degree (magnitude).
Individual differences are not explained.
Important to note that:
Prolonged Stress can have long lasting effects!
An event occurs.
How do I feel about this?
How can I cope with this?
Stress if I cannot cope.
1. Relevant to you?
2. Relevant but not threatening
3. Stressful...relevant AND threatening
The evaluation of personal resources to cope with the threat...
“Can I deal...?”
One task is to CONTROL, MANAGE, AND DEAL with EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY
Hardiness - commitment - challenge - Internal Locus
OptimismBuffers Against Stress: