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Covalent Bond - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Covalent Bond
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  1. Covalent Bond = (valence or homopolar bond) 2 atoms share electrons (two electrons=single bond) to equal amounts no polarity H2-molecule most simple example

  2. More detailed picture: Overlap of 1s electron orbitals of H-atoms Molecular orbitals Click for coupled pendula analogy

  3. anti-binding anti-binding *-MO *-MO Energy Energy 1s (He atom B) 1s(He atom B) 1s(He atom A) 1s (He atom A) binding binding -MO -MO Why is there no covalent bond for two He atoms Again we start from the molecular orbitals (MO) described by symmetric and antisymmetric superposition of 1s-wavefunctions Reduction of energy by filling the -MO with 2 electrons compensated by energy required to fill *-MO covalent He-He bond energetically not favorable but He2+ stable molecule

  4. Idea of the quantitative approach QM-problem to solve: unperturbed H-atom 1: unperturbed H-atom 2: Interaction on approaching the atom2 to atom 1:

  5. Covalent Bond in Cl2 Electronic configuration of Cl Electronic configuration of N 3-fold Covalent Bond in N2