Behaviorism Chloe Webb Bervely Joseph Thomas Harbaugh Jacob Alkana TE+AM=TEAM
Key Points • Behaviorism advocates the idea that learning is a system of rewards and punishments (Shelly, 258). • Humans learn in the same manner as animals (Shelly, 258). • The way humans interact is based on what you observe rather than what you cognitively process (Shelly, 258).
Classroom ImplicationsTeacher • Positive and negative reinforcement as well as punishment based on student actions (Shelly, 259). • Teachers who ascribe to this philosophy promote to their students, that reward acquisition is their highest goal (Shelly, 259). • Teachers determine which students are doing well based on what they can observe (Shelly, 259).
Classroom ImplicationsStudent • Students would want to do well in school, in order to be rewarded (Shelly 259). • Emphasis pre-convential morality according to Lawrence Kohlberg (Cherry).
Opinion of Theory(Collaborative) Students learn the value of pleasing authority, more than the value of education in itself. The goal of education should be to raise future generations with the mindset that knowledge is the most valuable thing to strive for. If we wish to achieve this, then there are better philosophies with which to teach them.
Ultimate Knowledge Quiz By Thomas Harbaugh
Instructions for an A+ • On the following slides you will be tested on you knowledge of various subjects • When you are presented with a question, carefully read all answers and take the time to analyze each answer • Once you have selected your answer click on it • If you have answered correctly you may go on to the next question by selecting the forward arrow • If you answered incorrectly, select the arrow to go back to the original question and try again. • Don’t become discouraged • There are no penalties for trying questions more than once • There will be 4 questions to answer • Do your best and good luck!
Question 1 • Please watch the video below. How does the narrator define learning? 1. A realization which is quickly forgotten 2. Acquisition of knowledge which is stored for a later time 3. A long term change in behavior that is based on experience.
Correct! • Your powers of observation are astounding! Mr. Rogers is proud. Please proceed.
Incorrect • Try watching the video once more and see if you can get it.
Question 2 According to the following article, what are the two types of conditioning? http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htm 1. Classical & Operant 2. Learned & Inherited 3. Coerced & Acquired
Correct Once more! • Success! According to Kendra Cherry, the two types of conditioning are Operant and Classical. Please continue.
Incorrect, try again • Do not fret! Try again
Question 3 • One of the main Psychologists studying behaviorism was: A. Sigmund Freud B. Erik Erikson C. B.F. Skinner
3 down one to go! • You’re so close! Just keep going
Don’t give up now! • Your answer was incorrect but try again, you can do it!
Question 4 • If schools taught according to behaviorist principles, students would feel a need to learn because they want to be rewarded for their achievement. True or False A. True B. False
Congratulations! You did it! I always knew you could. If you wish, you can select the arrow to see the references for all the information you learned today.
One more time and you’re there! It’s the last question and you’ll be done. Let’s do it!
References • http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/kohlberg.htm • http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htm