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Developing an IS/IT Strategy. Session Objectives. Understand the process of developing IS/IT Strategic Planning Understand the components of IS/IT Strategic Planning Understand how to evaluate IS/IT Strategic Planning. IS/IT Strategy Definition….

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session objectives
Session Objectives
  • Understand the process of developing IS/IT Strategic Planning
  • Understand the components of IS/IT Strategic Planning
  • Understand how to evaluate IS/IT Strategic Planning
is it strategy definition
IS/IT Strategy Definition….
  • IS strategy defines the organization’s requirement for information systems to support the overall strategy of the business
  • The IT strategy is outlining the vision of how the organization’s demand for information and systems will be supported by IT
  • “An IS strategy brings together the business aims of the company, an understanding of the information needed to support those aims, and the implementation of computer systems to provide the information.
is it strategy is part of is it plan
IS/IT Strategy is part of IS/IT Plan
  • Planning for the effective long-term management and optimal impact of information—in all its forms (IS, IT, manual and computer systems, organizational aspects of the management IS/IT throughout the business).
  • “The process of deciding the objectives for organizational computing and identifying potential computer applications which the organization should implement” (Sethi, 88)
  • It is a plan for the development of systems towards some future vision of the role of IS in the organization
the objectives of developing is it strategy
The Objectives of Developing IS/IT Strategy
  • Alignment of IS/IT with the business
  • Gaining competitive advantage
  • Building cost effective
  • Developing the appropriate resources

IS/IT strategy process

IS/IT strategy

formulation

IS/IT planning

tips to develop is it strategy
Tips to Develop IS/IT strategy
  • IS/IT Strategy Process Should Become an Integral Part of Business Strategy, Business Plan, and Its Implementation.
  • The primary objective to develop IS strategy is to identify value-added portfolio of applications that will have strategic impact .
the evolution of the is it strategy process technology focus to strategic focus
The Evolution of the IS/IT Strategy Process: Technology Focus to Strategic Focus

Conform these stages with the evolution of IS/IT roles

is planning problems
IS Planning Problems
  • Fail to get top management support
  • Value system does not go throughout organization
  • Lack of proper person to the job
  • Not having clear-cut business strategy
  • Fail to anticipate new IT development
  • Ignorance of environment-economy, politic, etc
the model of strategic is it planning processes
The Model of Strategic IS/IT Planning Processes
  • Inputs
    • Internal business environment
      • Current business strategy, objectives, resources, processes and culture and values of business
    • External business environment
      • The economic, industrial and competitive climate
    • Internal IS/IT environment
      • Current IS/IT perspective in the business, its maturity, business coverage and contribution, skills, resources and technological infrastructure
    • External IS/IT environment
      • Technology trends and opportunities and the use made of IS/IT by external bodies
the model of strategic is it planning processes1
The Model of Strategic IS/IT Planning Processes
  • Outputs
    • IS/IT management strategy
      • The common elements of the strategy that apply throughout the organization, ensuring consistent policies where needed
    • Business IS/IT strategy
      • How each unit or function will deploy IS/IT in achieving its business objectives.
      • Alongside each of these are application portfolios to be developed for business unit and business models, describing the information architecture of each unit.
      • The portfolios may include how IS/IT will be used at some future date, to help the units to achieve their objectives
    • IT strategy
      • Policies and strategies for management of technology and specialist resources
slide11

Internal Business Environment

External Business Environment

Internal IS/IT environment

Current Applications Portfolio

Strategic IS/IT

Planning Process

External IS/IT Environment

Planning Approaches, Tools and Techniques

IS/IT Management Strategy

Business IS Strategies

IT Strategy

Applications Portfolio

Model & Matrices

types of deliverables from the is planning processes
Types of Deliverables from The IS Planning Processes
  • Hard deliverables
    • The current situation
    • The vision and rationale for what is being put into place—information, systems, technology, people, and so on.
    • The plans for how it is going to be achieved, with the milestones along the route
  • Soft deliverables
    • Relate to human factors: skill, awareness and motivation.
slide13

Understand the

Current Situation

and Interpret

Business Needs

Initiate

Planning

Process

Business and

Technical

Environment

Other

Planning

Activities

Determine

Business IS

Strategy

Define/Update

Information and

Systems

Architecture

Previous

IS/IT

Strategy

Prepare

Migration

Plans and

Business Case

Formulate IT

Strategy

Business

Strategy and

Proposed

Development

Programmme

IS/IT Strategy

and Proposed

plans

Framework for the IS Planning Process

initiate planning process
Initiate Planning Process
  • The purpose, objectives, scope and deliverables are confirmed

The approach determined and resourced acquired, such as automated tools

  • Business participants identified and team assembled and trained

Expectations, such issues and problems addressed, and risk management proposals put into gear

  • Process steering and management mechanisms created

How the work will interface with and feed into business planning

  • The people to be interviewed, or who are needed to participate in group sessions are identified

Plan for the work, tasks, timing, roles and responsibilities, and checkpoints defined.

understand the current situation and interpret business need
Understand the Current Situation and Interpret Business Need

·Analysis of the business strategy, objectives, critical success factors (CSFs), critical problems, and processes, in order to determine the current situation, and its strengths and weaknesses, and the information needs and thus the focus for investment in systems to meet these.

· Evaluation of the current IS/IT operation – its systems, information provision, resources, organization, skills and services, to determine coverage and contribution and where improvements would be beneficial.

·  Innovative analysis of the external and internal business environment to identify potential applications of IS/IT.

slide16

Determine the Business IS Strategy

The accumulated business IS demand is turned into recommendations for the deployment of IS/IT throughout the organization and at SBU level.

define information and system architecture
Define Information and System Architecture
  • This step takes the results of the analysis of procedures and information needs in order to build a proposed business model for the business.
  • It represents the future “ideal” in process, information and system terms, and is needed to plot a direction when developing migration plans.
formulated it supply proposals
Formulated IT Supply Proposals

IS strategy and the IT supply proposals can be fed back into the business strategy, for consideration and consolidation to occur, and senior business management to decide on the likely candidates for the investment programme for the business.

For IS/IT management, it means that the strategy can be firmed up to give a clearer directions for where IS is aiming to go.

Outline plans can the be constructed to give a route map, and milestone for the main initiatives.

business is strategy
Business IS Strategy
  • It states how the business will deploy IS/IT in achieving its objectives.
  • To link IS/IT firmly to the business strategy
  • It states the applications and services requirements for the SBU

Give an example of Business IS Strategy??

it strategy management of supply
IT Strategy: Management of Supply
  • To define how resources and technologies will be managed and developed to satisfy business IS strategies.
  • It consists of:
    • Application portfolio management
    • Organization of IS/IT
    • Managing the info resources and provision of info services
    • Managing investment, prioritization and benefits
    • Managing application development
    • Managing technology

Give an example of IT Strategy??

is it management strategy
IS/IT Management Strategy
  • Apply throughout the organization, ensuring consistent policies where needed
  • It covers:
    • Scope and rationale
    • IS/IT organization
    • Investment and prioritization policies
    • Vendor policies
    • Human impact policies
    • IS accounting policies

Give an example of IS/IT Management Strategy??

success criteria
Success Criteria
  • Improve performance
  • Gaining competitive advantage
  • Align IT investment with business strategy
  • Better communication
  • Improve management commitment
  • Better allocation of IT resources
  • Better IT forecasting requirement

Try to quantify the success criteria for old vs. new system??

factors affecting is it development
Factors affecting IS/IT Development
  • External business
  • External technology
  • Internal business
  • Internal technology

Give examples on how those factors affect IS/IT Development ??

discussion on the end of chapter 3

Discussion on the end of Chapter 3

What is IS/IT Strategy?

Why Developing IS/IT Strategy?

How IS/IT Strategy fits in Business Strategy?

Who in charge developing IS/IT Strategy?

What are steps to develop IS/IT Strategy?

How do you evaluate the success of IS/IT strategy