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Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With Equity Royal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand 13 – 17 June 2011. Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes. 17 June 2011 Michael Samson [email protected] Overview.

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Socio Economic Policies For Child Rights With EquityRoyal Orchid Sheraton Hotel & Towers Bangkok, Thailand13 – 17 June 2011

Specific issues in implementing social protection programmes

17 June 2011

Michael Samson

[email protected]

designing social transfers within a broader development planning framework
Designing social transfers within a broader development planning framework

Intra-

sectoral

linkages

Inter-

sectoral

linkages

Inter-

sectoral

linkages

slide9
An implementation model

Examples from Indonesia,

Nepal, South Africa

and Brazil

Admin

Delivery

Single

Registry

Rights

M&E

slide10
Core implementation systems for a social transfer system

Overlap and interface:

Enrolment

External Databases

Component 1:

Administration

Determine Eligibility

Registration

Process

Single Registry

Enrolment Process

Payments Database

  • How do you register people?
  • survey approach
  • on-demand approach

Payments System

Component 2:

Payments Processes

delivery systems case 1 debit card accounts
Delivery systems--Case 1: Debit card accounts
  • Debit Card is a basic transaction bank account product targeted specifically at the needs of social grant recipients
  • Features:
    • No minimum balance requirement.
    • SASSA pays $1.50 per month per account; includes two free withdrawals per month at ABSA ATM’s or usage at POS with ABSA merchants
    • Usable at any other bank ATM for fee or VISA POS
  • Takeup: More than two-thirds of grant recipients in main province; now in others too
  • ABSA actively cross sells other financial services to its recipient client base;
  • Accounts are also offered to non-recipient clients as well.
  • Source: BFA (2006,2008)
case 2 smart card at agents
Case 2: Smart card at agents
  • HSN is a new pilot scheme which pays bi-monthly to households in arid N and NE of Kenya
  • Payment is made by Equity Bank, via a bank account which is accessed via a smart card
  • Smart card can be accessed via agents (shop keepers) appointed by bank in areas where there are
  • Followed a specialized procurement process which incentivized financial inclusion
  • Source: Ferrand (2007), Pulver (2008)
case 3 mobile phones
Case 3: Mobile phones
  • DDR scheme paid follow-on demobilization allowance of $25 pm to 75 000 retired soldiers in DRC
  • Review 2007: meant to disburse through 8000 airtime agents but liquidity limited outside Kinshasa so became a cash payment scheme using mobile vehicle
  • Leakage considered low; cost 10-15% even in very low infrastructure environment
  • Source: BFA (2008a)
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Programme risk (Fiduciary risk)

Fraud

Improper allocation of funds

Fiduciary Risk

Failure to achieve primary objectives

Inadequate oversight

rights protection
Rights protection
  • Independence
  • Effectiveness
    • Competence
    • Authority
    • Resources

Examples from Mexico,

South Africa, Kenya, India

complementary programmes
Complementary programmes
  • Birth registration
  • Fee waivers for vital services
  • Improved service infrastructure
  • Linking in awareness
  • Livelihoods linkages
    • Home-grown school feeding
    • Promoting the “supply” response
      • Targeted inputs
      • Small scale industrial strategy

Examples from

Brazil,

South Africa,

Senegal,

Malawi

conclusions
CONCLUSIONS
  • Developmental delivery systems
  • Role for complementary programmes
  • Role of public/private co-operation
  • The importance of a communications strategy
  • Again, learn from global lessons of experience – but ground the programme in the nation’s social and policy context
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