Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
glucose Alex Collins. Germundson. Hour Four.
Chemical Name- Glucose • Chemical Formula- GlC • Common Name- Dextrose • Synonyms- Cellulose, Maltose, Lactose, Sucrose • Chemical Formula- C6H12O6 • Formula Weight- 180g/mol (6 carbons at 12 g/mol=72g) (12 H at 1 g/mol=12g) (6 oxygen at 16 g/mol=96g
Common Uses: -When mixed with maltose and dextrin's containing about 20%water, used in confectionary, alcoholic fermentation, tanning and treating tobacco. (starch and syrup) -Glucose occurs widely in plants and most animal tissue, it is the principal of circulating sugar in the blood stream and the major energy source of the body. -Glucose gets developed into sugar that we use in most foods. History of Glucose: Andreas Marggaf, a student of Imperial College in the UK was the man who had first discovered glucose in 1747. he worked with raisins which contained a mixture of many sugar molecules. He also isolated and purified the white powder, which later became known as glucose. Marggaf determined that he had isolated a sugar sweeter then regular table super.
Interesting… This carbohydrate, Glucose, occurs in the sap of most plants and in the juice of fruits. Glucose is a normal component of animal blood, and requires no digestion prior to absorption into the bloodstream. Glucose is usually created by hydrolysis of cornstarch with steam and dilute acid. Glucose is used in the making of candy, chewing gum, jams, jellies, table syrups, and other foods, and for many other purposes. It is the major source of energy in animal metabolism, important in humans as well. Glucose tastes only about three-fourths as sweet as table sugar. Physical Properties… Glucose is a colorless simple sugar, also known as a monosaccharide. Simple sugars such as glucose rapidly dissipate in water. Powdered glucose is extremely flammable, with a think, sweet, strong scent. Found in nature or man made? What does it react with? Glucose is all made by nature. The pure sugars come from the sap in trees and leaves. There are many different types of glucose that react with many different substances. Glucose is both a polyhydroxyl and a aldehyde, meaning it will react with alcohol and anything used to identify aldehydes. Blood glucose reacts when it enters the cell. There are hundreds of different substances glucose is known to react with.
Toxic, poisonous, or radioactive? Glucose can be radioactive, toxic and become poisonous! How much does it cost? $0.378 per pound of sugar. Type of chemical bond? Ionic Bond. Other… Blood glucose, a simple monosaccharide sugar is one of the most important carbohydrates and is used as a source of energy in animals and plants through growth and development. Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and starts respiration. Glucose is one of the most commonly used substances in the US food industry. Constructed into different types of sugars, then sugars being formed into a variety of foods.
Bibliography… http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-glucose.htm http://thesaurus.com/browse/glucose http://www.edinformatics.com/math_science/science_of_cooking/glucose.htm http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/glucose.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_formula http://stke.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/sigtrans;2006/320/tw40 http://www.ehow.com/about_5547984_history-glucose.html http://dl.clackamas.edu/ch106-07/glucose.htm http://staff.jccc.net/pdecell/biochemistry/carbohyd.html