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Hearing Impairment. Annika Bowers, M.S., CF-SLP WT Moore Elementary School. How we hear…. Types of Hearing Loss. Types of Hearing Loss: Conductive - Sound is not sent properly through the outer and middle ear

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hearing impairment

Hearing Impairment

Annika Bowers, M.S., CF-SLP

WT Moore Elementary School

types of hearing loss
Types of Hearing Loss
  • Types of Hearing Loss:
    • Conductive- Sound is not sent properly through the outer and middle ear
      • Examples: bones not vibrating properly, middle ear fluid, tumor in middle ear, malformation of ear and/or hole in the eardrum
      • Hearing aids are worn to amplify sounds
    • Sensorineural- Damage to the inner ear (cochlea) or the nerve pathways from the brain to the inner ear.
      • Examples: genetic hearing loss, head trauma, aging, drugs toxic to the ear, malformation of cochlea and/or loud noise
      • Cochlear implants are worn to replicate sounds
    • Mixed- A combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss
      • Examples: a tumor in middle ear and noise induced hearing loss, hole in ear drum and malformation of cochlea, etc.
      • Cochlear implants and hearing aids worn
degree of hearing loss
Degree of Hearing Loss
  • Normal
  • Mild
  • Moderate
  • Moderately-Severe
  • Severe
  • Profound
hearing loss simulation
Hearing loss simulation


cochlear implants vs hearing aids
Cochlear Implants vs. Hearing Aids
  • Cochlear Implant- a small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound (replicates hairs in cochlea) to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of-hearing.
    • Used when a person has a sensorineural or mixed hearing loss
  • Hearing Aid- a small electronic device that you wear in or behind your ear that makes some sounds louder.
    • Used when a person is undergoing a trial period before cochlear implants
    • Used when a person has conductive or mixed hearing loss
classroom management of hearing loss
Classroom Management of Hearing Loss
  • Carpet floors to absorb sound
  • Use FM system to amplify the speaker’s voice
  • Place blinds or shades over windows to absorb sound and reduce sound from outside
  • Cork, flannel or felt boards on walls to absorb sound
  • Partially block noise coming from bathroom, computer, etc. by placing a bookshelf or fabric in front of them
ling 6 sound check
Ling-6 Sound Check
  • A quick test to see if haring devices are on and are working properly
  • Represent 6 sounds across the “speech banana”
  • Do every morning!
  • How to do it:
    • Sit close to the student’s hearing device
    • Cover your mouth and say the sounds and have child repeat after you:
      • “m” as in “mommy”
      • “ah” as in “block”
      • “ee” as in “seek”
      • “oo” as in “boo”
      • “sh” as in “wish”
      • “s” as in “sound”
    • Add in some silence in between
    • Change up the order ever time