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Mycenae and Bronze Age Greece

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  1. Mycenae and Bronze Age Greece GRK 102, CH19 Civ

  2. Homer Iliad 2.569, 576-7 ΟἳδὲΜυκήναςεἶχονἐϋκτίμενονπτολίεθρον[ . . . ]τῶνἑκατὸννηῶνἦρχεκρείωνἈγαμέμνωνἈτρεΐδης·

  3. Questions/Comments Big Take-Aways Nuggets Atreid dysfunction Shaft grave? “Sacked”? • Arrival of Archaeans. . . • Uniform culture • Trading/settling throughout Eastern Mediterranean • Long prosperity, quick decline • Little historical evidence? • War between Mycenae and the Dorians. . . • Curse of Pelops

  4. Time Line: Prehistoric Greece based on Ancient Greece, 1999, Oxford

  5. Lion Gate, Mycenae

  6. Megaron (great hall), Pylos

  7. Women (fresco), Pylos, 1200s BCE

  8. Armor from Dendra (Argolid). Boar’s tusk helmet. Late 1400s BCE

  9. Praying “psi” goddess figurine. Mycenae.

  10. Tholos tomb, Mycenae.

  11. Tholos tomb entrance (reconstructed), Mycenae.

  12. “Mask of Agamemnon,” Mycenae, 1500s BCE

  13. Palace Society: Redistributive Economy demos (village)basileus (chieftain) demos (village)basileus (chieftain) palacewanax (king) demos (village)basileus (chieftain) Produce to palace, where stored; then redistributed back to villages.

  14. Linear-B clay tablet. Prehistoric Greek writing.

  15. A Linear-B Inscription ἱέρεια ἔχει ϞϜε εὔχετοί ϞϜε ἐτώνιον ἔχεεν θεὸνκτοινόοχοι δὲ κτοινάων κεκειμενάων ὀνᾱτὰ ἔχεεν Note use of ᾱ for η. ϞϜε (kwe) = τε (“and”). -αων = fem. gen. plur. εὔχετοι = εὔχεται (not “prays” but “claims”). κτοινόοχοι = “possession-holding” (as if κτεάνη “possession” + ἔχειν “to have”). ὀνᾱτὰ: ὀνητός later = “useful,” so “that on which ‘use’ is paid.”

  16. Fall of Palace Societies • invasion by … • Dorians?? • “Sea Peoples” (Mediterranean marauders)? • systems collapse (economic/political)? • combination?