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Early Greece and the Bronze Age. Ancient Greece. Greece – Bronze age. Origins of civilization Prehistory History. Greece – Bronze age. Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic and other prehistorical categories History. Greece – Bronze age. Origins of civilization

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greece bronze age
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
    • History
greece bronze age1
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic and other prehistorical categories
    • History
greece bronze age2
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
    • History
greece bronze age3
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
greece bronze age4
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
      • Begins with evidence
greece bronze age5
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
      • Begins with evidence
        • Material
greece bronze age6
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
      • Begins with evidence
        • Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.)
greece bronze age7
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
      • Begins with evidence
        • Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.)
        • Textual
greece bronze age8
Greece – Bronze age
  • Origins of civilization
    • Prehistory
      • Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories
      • Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence
    • History
      • Begins with evidence
        • Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.)
        • Textual (writing on metal, stone, bones, other media)
greece bronze age9
Greece – Bronze age
  • Major periods of Greek history:
    • Ancient history
      • Neolithic 5000-2500
      • Bronze age 2500-1100
      • Dark age / Iron age 1100-700
    • Archaic Period 700-500
    • Classical Period 500-350
    • Hellenistic Period 350-150
    • Roman Period 150bc – 31bc
greece bronze age10
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
greece bronze age11
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic
greece bronze age12
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic
    • Bronze
greece bronze age13
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic
    • Bronze
    • Iron
greece bronze age14
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
    • Bronze
    • Iron
greece bronze age15
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
    • Iron
greece bronze age16
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
    • Iron
greece bronze age17
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
      • Technological advance in metallurgy
    • Iron
greece bronze age18
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
      • Technological advance in metallurgy
      • Lasts till the late second to early first millennium
    • Iron
greece bronze age19
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
      • Technological advance in metallurgy
      • Lasts till the late second to early first millennium
    • Iron
      • Another technological advance in metallurgy
greece bronze age20
Greece – Bronze age
  • 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
    • Neolithic ( = new stone age)
      • ~ 5000-2500 bc
    • Bronze
      • Technological advance in metallurgy
      • Lasts till the late second to early first millennium
    • Iron
      • Another technological advance in metallurgy
  • Names based on materials in common use – assume overlap
greece bronze age21
Greece – Bronze age
  • Comparative history (cf. timeline in your text)
greece bronze age22
Greece – Bronze age
  • Comparative history (cf. timeline in your text)
greece bronze age23
Greece – Bronze age
  • Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system
greece bronze age24
Greece – Bronze age
  • Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system
  • Historicity relies on historiography
greece bronze age25
Greece – Bronze age
  • Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system
  • Historicity relies on historiography
    • Advent of hellenism in Greece (500’s sq.)
    • Writing in any language is necessary
greece bronze age26
Greece – Bronze age
  • Early Bronze Age
    • 3000-2000bc
    • Crete and mainland Greece: civilization rises because of contact with palace-kingdoms of the East
    • 4th millennium bc: Rise of civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt
greece bronze age27
Greece – Bronze age
  • Early Bronze Age
    • 3000-2000bc
    • Crete and mainland Greece: civilization rises because of contact with palace-kingdoms of the East
    • 4th millennium bc: Rise of civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt
    • Early bronze-age culture in Greece exists – the Aegean peoples
greece bronze age28
Greece – Bronze age
  • Bronze age civilizations:
    • Cycladic (>2200-1800<)
    • Minoan (>1900-1600)
    • Mycenaean (1600-1100)
greece bronze age29
Greece – Bronze age
  • Middle Bronze Age 2000-1600bc
    • Early bronze-age peoples replaced by Indo-Europeans (cf. language)
      • Early Greek speakers
      • A fused Hellenic culture dependent on civilization:
        • Herders, farmers
        • Metallurgy
        • Pottery and clothmaking
      • Patrilineal and Patriarchal
greece bronze age30
Greece – Bronze age
  • Sources:
    • Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) (Troy and Mycenae)
    • Sir Arthur Evans (1851-1941) (Cnossus)
greece bronze age31
Greece – Bronze age
  • Minoans
    • Crete a land of city-states (3000-1900)
    • 1900: first palace; 1700: second palace
    • Palace is political, economic, and administrative center; focus of state and religious ceremony
greece bronze age32
Greece – Bronze age
  • Minoans
    • Palace economy: redistribution and trade
      • Requires record: WRITING (Linear A)
    • Art and Architecture
      • Color, painting, and bulls
    • Eruption of Thera (1628bc)
greece bronze age33
Greece – Bronze age
  • Mycenaeans
    • Late Bronze Age – 1600-1100bc
    • Chiefs evolve into monarchs
    • Shaft graves shift to tholos tombs
    • Cretan takeover: 1450bc
    • 1375bc: Mycenae becomes the dominant center in Greece
    • Mycenaean palace system, again requires WRITING: Linear B
greece bronze age34
Greece – Bronze age
  • Mycenaeans
    • Walled citadels
      • Focus on megaron (long rectangular hall)
    • Separate small kingdoms
    • Reach their zenith 1400-1200
    • In literature, the generations of the heroes (leading up to and including the heroes of the Trojan war)
      • Cf. king lists
greece bronze age35
Greece – Bronze age
  • Minoan and Mycenaean religion
    • Gods and goddesses
    • Honored with processions, music, dance
    • Propitiated with gifts and sacrifice
      • Animal sacrifice
      • Human sacrifice
    • Pantheon (be familiar with the big 12!)
greece bronze age36
Greece – Bronze age
  • Warfare
    • Wanax – warrior king
      • Heavy armor
    • Soldiers: large shields, bronze daggers and swords, two spears, bows and arrows
    • Mycenaean chariot
greece bronze age37
Greece – Bronze age
  • Decline of bronze age Greece
    • 1200-1100 : devastation
    • Sea peoples? Dorians?
    • Greece settles into the “Dark Age” (1100-700bc)
greek sources and the bronze age
Greek sources and the Bronze age
  • Homeric epics: Iliad and Odyssey (You MUST be familiar with these)
  • Hesiod:
    • Theogony(to understand religion and tradition of literature for the rest of the Greek material)
    • Works & days 109-201 (cf. West’s edition)
  • Herodotus (Finley, 29-31)
  • Thucydides (Finley, 218-225)