Are the future teachers apt for teaching? Teachers’ Aptitude Testing
Intelligence Personality Achievement Exam Intelligence Personality Achievement Exam What is aptitude?
Warren's Dictionary of Psychology defines aptitude as a • “condition or set of characteristics regarded as symptomatic of an individual’s ability to acquire to acquire training in some (usually specified) knowledge, skill, or set of responses such as the ability to speak a language, to produce music etc.”
Choice of Test Occupational Aptitude Survey Vs. Teaching Aptitude test battery • ->Mental Ability • ->Attitude Towards Children • ->Interest in profession • ->Professional Information • ->Adaptability
What are DIETs? • District Institutes of Education and Training Teacher Training Institutes, set up under National Policy on Education ‘86 Focus on • Resource Support • Training • Action Research
Teaching Aptitude predicts • Effectiveness • Competency • Students’ achievement • IQ Input System Output Teachers Schools Students’ Outcomes
AIM • Comparative Analysis • Rural-Urban • UP Vs. Haryana • Male Vs. Female
Are the future teachers really apt to teach? A Case Analysis: DIET, Gurgaon
DIET, Gurgaon Sample Size: 154 Instrument: Teaching Aptitude Test Battery by Singh and Sharma Methodology: Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis
Others: Total Number of Students Social Worker who responded: 135 “Whichever PAYS more” Mostly in Government run schools, few in Government Specified Schools
Why? • More Pay • No Incentive for performance; No accountability • Hindi Speaking Population • Job Security • Modeling • Teaching Motive • To give back to where I come from
Field Visit • Efficient Functioning • Interview Answers: “Proud to be in DIET, Gurgaon”
DIET, Gurgaon: Academic Achievement Admission on Merit; Cut off: 80% That’s why
Frequency Distribution of TEACHING APTITUDE of Students of DIET, Gurgaon Y AXIS 1 UNIT= 20 STUDENTS -2.01 -1.25 -0.50 0 0.50 1.25 2 (z scores)
Aptitude is positively correlated with Academic Achievement. Is it? Oh, well. There is something called “reservation”!
SCORES IN SUB AREAS MENTAL ABILITY ATTITUDE TOWARDS CHILDREN ADAPTABILITY PROFESSIONAL INFORMATION INTEREST IN PROFESSION
Frequency Distribution of Mental Ability of Students of DIET, Gurgaon Y AXIS 1 UNIT= 10 STUDENTS (z scores) -2.01 -1.25 -0.50 0 .50 1.25 2.01
Questions arise • What is the kind of teacher training in Haryana’s one of the best DIETs? • Does achievement tests in India make you able? • If teachers aren’t mentally able, how will they teach the children?
Mean: 16.25 S.D: 2.09
1ST VS. 2ND YEAR STUDENTS More 2nd years in the above average rangeOF Teaching Aptitude But no such trend in Mental Ability.
Subjects Taught in D ed. -> Concentrated Experience (Lack of multiplicity of experiences) Study of Child Psychology and Teacher Function • Education Philosophy – Education in Emerging India • Education Psychology • Teacher Function (Role of teachers in primary education) • Hindi • English • Mathematics • Social Science (EVS I) • Science (EVS II) • Physical Education (Games) • Art Education -> Infation in teaching aptitude through “Coaching”/Social Desirability -> TET Coaching couldn’t affect Mental Ability
BOYS VS. GIRLS
Frequency Distribution of TEACHING APTITUDE of boys and girls of DIET, Gurgaon Female Male RELATIVE FREQUENCY Girls: Boys Ratio=1: 5 Average: Female: 82.01 Male: 81.84 Sample Size: Female: 120 Male: 24 -2.01 -1.25 -0.50 0 0.50 1.25 2 (z scores)
Frequency Distribution of MENTAL ABILITY of boys and girls of DIET, Gurgaon Female Male RELATIVE FREQUENCY Average: Female: 18.12 Male: 17.27 (z scores) -2.01 -1.25 -0.50 0 0.50 1.25 2
BOYS > GIRLSAre they? More boys are mentally superior. Why?
Male Vs. Female Part Scores Girls>Boys Interest in Profession Professional Information Boys>Girls Mental Ability Adaptability BOYS=GIRLS Interest in Profession
To Do • Rural-Urban Comparative Study; • Inter-state Comparative Study; • Male-Female Comparative Study; • Correlation between Aptitude and Achievement • ANSWER: ARE THE TEACHERS REALLY APT TO TEACH? • RECOMMENDATIONS: POLICY REFORMS • RTE’S TET: IS IT THE BEST INSTRUMENT? • TEACHING AS LEADERSHIP