Differences Divide the North and South Regional Differences Pages 477-478
Regional Differences • Many differences developed over time as people found different ways of making a living. • In the mid-1800s most Americans still worked on farms. • Life was changing for many people.
Living in the North • In the North, factories were everywhere making all kinds of goods. • Many people were leaving their farms and moving to the city for better paying jobs.
Living in the South • Life in the South was not changing as quickly. • Factories were being built and cities were growing but farming remained the most common way to make a living.
Southern Plantations • Huge plantations were found along the Coastal Plain and near the Mississippi River. • Planters raised acres of cash crops such as cotton, rice, tobacco, and sugarcane to sell at market. • Wealthy plantation owners were the leaders in the South.
A Divided South • Although there were many plantations, most people lived on small farms, where they raised cattle, cut lumber, and grew only enough food to feed their families.
Populations • Many more people lived in the North than in the South. • By 1860 the population of the North was more than 19 million. • In the South the population was 7 million with nearly 4 million Africans held as slaves.
Let’s Compare • Economy • In the North many people moved to cities to work in factories. • In the South farming remained the most important industry.
Let’s Compare • Population • More people lived in the North than in the South. • Fewer people lived in the South than in the North.
Let’s Compare • Slavery • The North ended slavery and was against its spread to the West. • The South allowed Slavery and was in favor of its spread to the West.