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Becoming a World Power Section 1:The Pressure to Expand

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Becoming a World Power Section 1:The Pressure to Expand. Chapter 17. Growth of Imperialism. Through Imperialism stronger nations attempt to overthrow weaker nations several ways: Economically Politically Culturally Militarily. Why Imperialism Grew?. Economics

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growth of imperialism
Growth of Imperialism
  • Through Imperialism stronger nations attempt to overthrow weaker nations several ways:
  • Economically
  • Politically
  • Culturally
  • Militarily
why imperialism grew
Why Imperialism Grew?
  • Economics
    • Need for more natural resources
  • Nationalistic
    • Competition among European for large empires was a result of a rise in nationalism.
      • Nationalism- devotion to ones nation.


    • European armies and navies had a superior military compared to Asia and Africa.
  • Humanitarian
    • Europe’s duty to spread the word of God
    • Colonial officials, doctors and missionaries felt they had to spread the laws, medicine and Christian religion.
expanding u s interests
Expanding U.S. Interests
  • President George Washington advised Americans to steer clear of permanent alliances with other countries.
    • Rapid economic growth and settlement of the West left no interest in foreign affairs.
monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
  • 1820’s had been the main principle of foreign policy in the U.S.
  • The U.S declared itself neutral in European wars and warned other nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere.

An expanded form of the Doctrine was used to justify American acquisition of territories from Mexico, the annexation of Texas and Midway, the purchase of Alaska, and trade with Hawaii.

arguments for u s expansion
Arguments for U.S. Expansion
  • 1) Economic in favor of expansion
    • If we sold goods to other countries we would make more money
  • Many business leaders agreed that the economic problems could only be solved by expanding its markets.
    • This was the reason they threw their support behind expansionist policies.
2 protecting security preserving spirit
2) Protecting Security Preserving Spirit
  • Lobbyists who favored a strong U.S. Navy formed a second force pushing for expansion.
  • The Naval Act of 1890 called for the construction of more battleships, gunboats, and cruisers.
  • By 1900 the U.S was willing to confront anyone on the open sea.
3 preserving american spirit
3) Preserving American Spirit
  • People who feared the U.S. was losing vitality.
  • They drew on Social Darwinism, which believed that expansionism was not only this nation’s destiny but a noble pursuit.
  • At this time many thought certain national groups and racial groups were superior to others.
  • Through expansion the U.S would find itself in difficult, bloody, and painful foreign conflicts